John Cullen Murphy

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John Cullen Murphy
Jcullenmurphy.jpg
J. Cullen Murphy at his drawing table, early 1950s
Born (1919-05-03)May 3, 1919
New York City
Died July 2, 2004(2004-07-02) (aged 85)
Cos Cob, Connecticut
Nationality American
Notable work(s) Prince Valiant, Big Ben Bolt
Spouse(s) Joan Byrne
Awards National Cartoonists Society's Story Comic Strip Award, Elzie Segar Award
Bigbenboltking.jpg

John Cullen Murphy (May 3, 1919 – July 2, 2004) was an American illustrator best known for his three decades of work on the Prince Valiant comic strip.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in New York City, Murphy spent his childhood in Chicago and in New Rochelle, New York, where his family moved in 1930.[1]

He started art classes at the age of 9, but aspired to be a baseball player. He was playing baseball when a New Rochelle neighbor, Norman Rockwell, asked the 15-year-old if he would like to model for a painting. Rockwell's Starstruck, showing a forlorn Murphy gazing at pictures of movie starlets, was the September 22, 1934 cover of The Saturday Evening Post. The experience inspired the young Murphy to become an illustrator. Rockwell became one of his good friends and mentors. Murphy started his career early, selling his first illustrations while he was still in high school.[2][3] After high school, he studied in New York City at the Phoenix Art Institute and the Art Students League, where he was taught by the anatomist George Bridgman.[3]

Army service[edit]

Murphy entered the U.S. Army in 1940, joining the 7th Regiment. He became an anti-aircraft officer during World War II, rising to the rank of major. He spent several years in the Pacific, beginning in Australia and ending in Tokyo. He was an aide to General Richard Marquat, who was on General Douglas MacArthur's staff. During the war, Murphy continued to illustrate, sending work to the Chicago Tribune and painting numerous portraits of military figures.[3][4][5]

Magazine illustration[edit]

Murphy resumed his art career upon his return from military service. During the 1940s, Murphy was a popular magazine illustrator, regularly seen in Collier's, Look, Esquire, Liberty, Sport, Holiday and Columbia, published by the Knights of Columbus.

Big Ben Bolt[edit]

Murphy's art often depicted sports subjects. His boxing material unexpectedly led him into the comic strip field, something he had never previously considered. In 1950, writer Elliot Caplin (brother of cartoonist Al Capp) of King Features Syndicate asked to Murphy illustrate a boxing comic strip he was planning to write. Murphy accepted his invitation. The resulting daily comic strip, Big Ben Bolt, was launched in 1950 and ran until 1978. Murphy was the artist for the strip for its entire run.[6]

Prince Valiant[edit]

Murphy began his collaboration on Prince Valiant with creator Hal Foster in 1970 when Foster decided to lessen his workload at age 78. With Foster's retirement in 1979, Murphy's son Cullen took over the writing. Cullen Murphy began contributing stories to Foster while studying at Amherst College. Murphy continued to draw Prince Valiant with his son scripting and his daughter doing the lettering and coloring. He retired in March 2004, turning the strip over to his chosen successor, illustrator Gary Gianni. Murphy died four months later in Cos Cob, Connecticut.

Family[edit]

In 1951, Murphy married Joan Byrne, also from New Rochelle. They had eight children.[3]

Awards[edit]

For his work on Big Ben Bolt and Prince Valiant, Murphy was honored with the National Cartoonists Society's Story Comic Strip Award in 1971 and again for Prince Valiant in 1974, 1976, 1978, 1984 and 1987.[7] He received the Elzie Segar Award in 1983.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NCS Member Profile: John Cullen Murphy 8/26/2010". National Cartoonists Society. 
  2. ^ "John Cullen Murphy Dies; Drew Prince Val". New York Daily News. July 9, 2004. 
  3. ^ a b c d Wolfgang Saxon (July 8, 2004). "John Cullen Murphy, 85, Artist Who Illustrated 'Prince Valiant'". New York Times. 
  4. ^ Cullen Murphy (August 2008). "A Tale of Two Sittings". Vanity Fair. 
  5. ^ "Going to Work". World Digital Library. 1944. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  6. ^ "John Cullen Murphy Cartoons; An inventory of his cartoons at Syracuse University". Syracuse University Library. Retrieved May 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ Cartoonist Society Names Best of the Best