John D. MacDonald
|John D. MacDonald|
July 24, 1916|
Sharon, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||December 28, 1986
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer|
John Dann MacDonald (July 24, 1916 – December 28, 1986) was an American writer of novels and short stories, known for his thrillers.
MacDonald was a prolific author of crime and suspense novels, many of them set in his adopted home of Florida. His best-known works include the popular and critically acclaimed Travis McGee series, and his novel The Executioners, which was adapted into the film Cape Fear. In 1972, MacDonald was named a grandmaster of the Mystery Writers of America, and he won a 1980 U.S. National Book Award in the one-year category Mystery. Stephen King praised MacDonald as "the great entertainer of our age, and a mesmerizing storyteller." Kingsley Amis said, MacDonald "is by any standards a better writer than Saul Bellow, only MacDonald writes thrillers and Bellow is a human-heart chap, so guess who wears the top-grade laurels?"
- 1 Early life
- 2 Writing career
- 3 Death
- 4 Media adaptations
- 5 Influence
- 6 Bibliography
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
MacDonald was born in Sharon, Pennsylvania, where his father worked for Savage Arms. The family moved to Utica, New York in 1926, where his father became treasurer of the Utica branch of the Savage Arms Corporation. In 1934, McDonald was sent to Europe for several weeks, which whetted his appetite for travel and for photography.
After graduating from high school, he enrolled at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, but he dropped out during his sophomore year. McDonald worked at menial jobs in New York City for a short time, then was admitted to Syracuse University, where he met his future wife, Dorothy Prentiss. They married in 1937, and he graduated from Syracuse the following year.
In 1939, McDonald received an MBA from Harvard University. He was later able to make good use of his education in business and economics by incorporating elaborate business swindles into the plots several of his novels.
In 1940, MacDonald accepted a direct commission as a first lieutenant in the Army Ordnance Corps. During World War II, he served in the OSS in the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations. He was discharged in September 1945 as a lieutenant colonel.
Early pulp story
MacDonald's literary career began almost by accident. In 1945, while still in the Army, he wrote a short story and mailed it to his wife. She submitted it to Esquire magazine, which rejected it. She then sent it to Story magazine, which accepted for $25, good money for that time. He learned of this just after his ship arrived in the United States.
After his discharge, MacDonald spent four months writing short stories, generating some 800,000 words and losing 20 pounds (9.1 kg) while typing 14 hours a day, seven days a week. He received hundreds of rejection slips, but finally a $40 sale to the pulp magazine Dime Detective set his career in motion. He would eventually sell nearly 500 short stories to the detective, mystery, adventure, sports, Western, and science fiction magazines. Several times, MacDonald's stories were the only ones in an issue of a magazine, but this was hidden by using pseudonyms.
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As the boom in paperback novels expanded, MacDonald successfully made the jump to longer fiction with his first novel, The Brass Cupcake, published in 1950, by Fawcett Publications' Gold Medal Books.
His science fiction included the stories "Cosmetics" in Astounding (1948) and "Common Denominator" in Galaxy Science Fiction (1951), and the three novels Wine of the Dreamers (1951), Ballroom of the Skies (1952), and The Girl, the Gold Watch, & Everything (1962), which were collected as an omnibus in Time and Tomorrow (1980).
Between 1953 and 1964, MacDonald specialized in crime thrillers, many of which are now considered masterpieces of the hardboiled genre. Most of these novels were published as paperback originals, although some were later republished in hardbound editions. Many, such as Dead Low Tide (1953), were set in his adopted home of Florida, and were effective in suggesting a sinister aura lurking beneath the glittery surface of that state. Novels such as The Executioners (1957) (which was twice filmed as Cape Fear, first in 1962 and again in 1991) and One Monday We Killed Them All (1962) penetrated the minds of psychopathic killers. As MacDonald honed his craft, he developed his narrative "voice," one of the most distinctive in the suspense fiction field.
He is credited with writing about the effect of the building boom on the environment, and his novel A Flash of Green (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1962) is a good example of this. Many later Florida crime, detective and mystery writers, such as Paul Levine, Randy Wayne White, James Hall and Jonathon King, have followed suit.
MacDonald's protagonists were often intelligent and introspective men, sometimes with a hard cynical streak. Travis McGee, the "salvage consultant" and "knight-errant," was all of that. McGee made his living by recovering the loot from thefts and swindles, keeping half to finance his "retirement," which he took in pieces as he went along. He first appeared in the 1964 novel The Deep Blue Good-by and was last seen in The Lonely Silver Rain in 1985. All titles in the 21-volume series include a color, a mnemonic device which was suggested by his publisher so that when harried travelers in airports looked to buy a book, they could at once see those MacDonald titles they had not yet read.
The McGee novels feature an ever-changing array of female companions, some particularly nasty villains, exotic locales in Florida, Mexico, and the Caribbean, and appearances by a sidekick known only as "Meyer," an economist of international renown and a Ph.D. As Sherlock Holmes had his well-known address on Baker Street, McGee had his trademark lodgings on his 52-foot (16 m) houseboat, the Busted Flush, named for the poker hand that started the run of luck in which he won her. She is docked at Slip F-18, Bahia Mar marina, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
Thrillers and science fiction
MacDonald's novel Soft Touch was the basis for the 1961 film Man-Trap.
The novel Cry Hard, Cry Fast was adapted as a two-part episode of the TV series Run for Your Life in November 1967.
A 1970 film adaptation of the novel Darker than Amber was directed by Robert Clouse from a screenplay by MacDonald and Ed Waters. It starred Rod Taylor as the main series character: Travis McGee
The novella "Linda" was filmed twice for television, in 1973 (with Stella Stevens in the title role) and 1993 (with Virginia Madsen).
The 1980 TV movie Condominium, based on MacDonald's novel, starred Dan Haggerty and Barbara Eden.
Sam Elliot played Travis McGee in the T.V. movie of The Empty Copper Sea, titled "Travis McGee" (1983). It relocated McGee to California, eliminating the Florida locales central to the novel.
The 1984 A Flash of Green starred Ed Harris.
When Travis McGee arrived on the big screen in 1970 with Darker Than Amber, starring Rod Taylor, the film received favorable reviews from Roger Ebert and other critics, but there was no follow-up into a series. The 1983 TV movie Travis McGee: The Empty Copper Sea starred Sam Elliott.
Various writers have acknowledged the trail that MacDonald and McGee blazed, including Carl Hiaasen in an introduction to a 1990s edition of The Deep Blue Good-by: "Most readers loved MacDonald's work because he told a rip-roaring yarn. I loved it because he was the first modern writer to nail Florida dead-center, to capture all its languid sleaze, racy sense of promise, and breath-grabbing beauty." Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., wrote another memorable tribute: "To diggers a thousand years from now . . . the works of John D. MacDonald would be a treasure on the order of the tomb of Tutankhamen."
Most of the current crop of Florida-based mystery writers acknowledge a debt to MacDonald, including Randy Wayne White, James Hall, Les Standiford, Jonathon King and Tim Dorsey. Lawrence Block's New York-based fictional hero, Matthew Scudder, is a character who makes his living doing just what McGee does—favors for friends who have no other recourse, then taking his cut.
Homage to MacDonald was evident in the 1981-88 CBS-TV series Simon & Simon with scenes showing Rick Simon's boat docked at Slip F-18 in San Diego.
Stephen King stated in the book Faces of Fear: "John D. MacDonald has written a novel called The End of the Night which I would argue is one of the greatest American novels of the twentieth century. It ranks with Death of a Salesman, it ranks with An American Tragedy."
The science fiction writer Spider Robinson has made it clear that he is also among MacDonald's admirers. The bartender in Callahan's Crosstime Saloon, Mike Callahan, is married to Lady Sally McGee, whose last name is almost certainly a tribute to Travis. In a recent sequel to the Callahan's series, Callahan's Key, a group of regulars from the former saloon decide they've had enough of Long Island, so they move to Key West, Florida, in a colorful caravan of modified school buses. On their way to Key West, they stop at a marina near Fort Lauderdale specifically to visit Slip F-18 (where Busted Flush was usually moored) and meet a local who was the prototype for McGee's sidekick Meyer. The slip is empty, with a small plaque mentioning Busted Flush.
The popular mystery writer Dean Koontz has also acknowledged in an interview with Bookreporter.com's Marlene Taylor that MacDonald is "(His) favorite author of all time... I've read everything he wrote four or five times."
Winners of the John D. MacDonald Award for Excellence in Florida Fiction, presented by the JDM Bibliophile, include James W. Hall, Elmore Leonard, Paul Levine, and Charles Willeford. Levine paid homage to MacDonald's "The Deep Blue Good-By" by naming one of his Florida Keys novels "The Deep Blue Alibi."
Travis McGee novels
- (1964) The Deep Blue Good-by
- (1964) Nightmare in Pink
- (1964) A Purple Place for Dying
- (1964) The Quick Red Fox
- (1965) A Deadly Shade of Gold
- (1965) Bright Orange for the Shroud
- (1966) Darker than Amber
- (1966) One Fearful Yellow Eye
- (1968) Pale Gray for Guilt
- (1968) The Girl in the Plain Brown Wrapper
- (1969) Dress Her in Indigo
- (1970) The Long Lavender Look
- (1971) A Tan and Sandy Silence
- (1973) The Scarlet Ruse
- (1973) The Turquoise Lament
- (1975) The Dreadful Lemon Sky
- (1978) The Empty Copper Sea
- (1979) The Green Ripper
- (1981) Free Fall in Crimson
- (1982) Cinnamon Skin
- (1985) The Lonely Silver Rain
Non-series novels (excluding science fiction)
- (1950) The Brass Cupcake
- (1951) Murder for the Bride
- (1951) Judge Me Not
- (1951) Weep for Me
- (1952) The Damned
- (1953) Dead Low Tide
- (1953) The Neon Jungle
- (1953) Cancel All Our Vows
- (1954) All These Condemned
- (1954) Area of Suspicion
- (1954) Contrary Pleasure
- (1955) A Bullet for Cinderella (reprinted as On the Make)
- (1956) Cry Hard, Cry Fast
- (1956) April Evil
- (1956) Border Town Girl (reprinted as Five Star Fugitive)
- (1956) Murder in the Wind (reprinted as Hurricane)
- (1956) You Live Once (reprinted as You Kill Me)
- (1957) Death Trap
- (1957) The Price of Murder
- (1957) The Empty Trap
- (1957) A Man of Affairs
- (1958) The Deceivers
- (1958) Clemmie
- (1958) The Executioners (reprinted as Cape Fear)
- (1958) Soft Touch
- (1959) Deadly Welcome
- (1959) The Beach Girls
- (1959) Please Write for Details
- (1959) The Crossroads
- (1960) Slam the Big Door
- (1960) The Only Girl in the Game
- (1960) The End of the Night
- (1961) Where is Janice Gantry?
- (1961) One Monday We Killed Them All
- (1962) A Key to the Suite
- (1962) A Flash of Green
- (1963) I Could Go On Singing (screenplay novelization)
- (1963) On the Run
- (1963) The Drowner
- (1966) The Last One Left
- (1977) Condominium
- (1984) One More Sunday
- (1986) Barrier Island
Short story collections
- (1966) End of the Tiger and Other Stories
- (1971) S*E*V*E*N
- (1982) The Good Old Stuff - A collection of updated pulp magazine short stories
- "Murder for Money" - Detective Tales (magazine), April 1952 as "All That Blood Money Can Buy"
- "Death Writes the Answer" - New Detective Magazine, May 1950 as "This One Will Kill You"
- "Miranda" - Fifteen Mystery Stories (magazine), October 1950
- "They Let Me Live" - Doc Savage Magazine, July–August 1947
- "Breathe No More" - Detective Tales, May 1950 as "Breathe No More, My Lovely"
- "Some Hidden Grave" - Detective Tales, September 1950 as "The Lady is a Corpse"
- "A Time For Dying" - New Detective Magazine, September 1948 as "Tune In on Station Homicide"
- "Noose For A Tigress" - Dime Detective, August 1952
- "Murder In Mind" - Mystery Book Magazine, Winter 1949
- "Check Out At Dawn" - Detective Tales, May 1950 as "Night Watch"
- "She Cannot Die" - Doc Savage Magazine, May–June 1948 as 'The Tin Suitcase"
- "Dead On The Pin" - Mystery Book Magazine, Summer 1950
- "A Trap For The Careless" - Detective Tales, March 1950
- (1983) Two
- (1984) More Good Old Stuff
- (1951) Wine of the Dreamers (reprinted as Planet of the Dreamers)
- (1952) Ballroom of the Skies
- (1962) The Girl, the Gold Watch & Everything
- (1965) The House Guests
- (1968) No Deadly Drug
- (1981) Nothing Can Go Wrong (with Captain John H. Kilpack) [An account of the last voyage of one of the last American liners (the S.S. Mariposa) before it was sold to a foreign flag.]
- (1986) A Friendship: The Letters of Dan Rowan and John D. MacDonald 1967-1974
- (1987) Reading for Survival
- "National Book Awards – 1980". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-08. (With essay by Glen David Gold from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
- King, Stephen. On Writing (Hodder and Stoughton, 2000, ISBN 0-340-76996-3)
- Amis, Kingsley (1971). "A New James Bond". What Became of Jane Austen? And Other Questions. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. p. 69. ISBN 9780151958603.
- Jonathan Yardley, "John D. MacDonald's Lush Landscape of Crime", Washington Post, Nov. 11, 2003
- Fraser, C. Gerald (1986-12-29). "John D. Macdonald, Novelist, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- Mystery Readers International: Florida Mysteries, Volume 15, No. 4, Winter 1999-2000
- Merrill, Hugh (2000). The Red Hot Typewriter: The Life and Times of John D. MacDonald. New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Minotaur. ISBN 978-0-312-20905-6.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: John D. MacDonald|
- John D. MacDonald Collection at University of Florida
- John D. MacDonald at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Essay: John D. MacDonald and The Only Girl in the Game by David L. Vineyard.
- JDM Homepage; a comprehensive website devoted to MacDonald.
- John D. MacDonald bibliography 1 (Novels) John D. MacDonald bibliography 2 (Short Stories) at HARD-BOILED site (Comprehensive Bibliographies by Vladimir)
- "John D. MacDonald Before Travis McGee, The Travis McGee series made John D. MacDonald famous, but the books he churned out earlier were darker—and better." The Wall Street Journal, September 21-22, 2013