John D. Roberts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people named John D. Roberts, see J. D. Roberts (disambiguation)
John D. Roberts
John D Roberts American Chemist.jpg
Jack Roberts in 2010
Born 8 June 1918
Los Angeles
Nationality American
Fields Chemistry
Institutions Penn State
UCLA
Harvard
MIT
Caltech
Alma mater UCLA
Doctoral students Frank J. Weigert
George M. Whitesides
Notable awards

Roger Adams Award in Organic Chemistry (1967)
Tolman Award (1974)
Willard Gibbs Award (1983)
Priestley Medal (1987)
Welch Award (1990)
National Medal of Science (1990)
Glenn T. Seaborg Medal (1991)
Linus Pauling Legacy Award (2006)

AIC Gold Medal (2013)

John Dombrowski Roberts (born 8 June 1918) is an American chemist. He has made contributions to the integration of physical chemistry, spectroscopy and organic chemistry for the understanding of chemical reaction rates. Another characteristic of Roberts' work was the early use of NMR, the concept of spin-spin coupling.[1]

Roberts received both a B.A. (1941) and Ph.D. (1944) from the University of California, Los Angeles. He has held several positions at the California Institute of Technology, including Division Chairman of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering from 1963–68, Dean of the Faculty and Provost from 1980–83 and is currently (1988- ) Institute Professor of Chemistry, Emeritus in the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. He is credited with bringing the first female graduate student, Dorothy Semenow, to Caltech when he moved from MIT.[2] He was a consultant for DuPont Central Research (1950-2008).

He published his autobiography in 1990, The Right Place at the Right Time.[3]

Honors[edit]

Roberts was elected a Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1952.[4] He was elected Member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1956 at 38 years old.[5] He was awarded the Priestley Medal in 1987,[6] the National Medal of Science in 1990,[7] the Glenn T. Seaborg Medal in 1991, the NAS Award in Chemical Sciences in 1999, the NAS Award for Chemistry in Service to Society in 2009, the Linus Pauling Legacy Award in 2006[8] and the American Institute of Chemists (AIC) Gold Medal in 2013.[9] He has received honorary degrees from the University of Munich, Temple University and the University of Notre Dame. In 1998 he was named by Chemical & Engineering News as one of the 75 most influential chemists in the last 75 years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Early Ideas in the History of Quantum Chemistry". U. Anders, Ph.D. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Interview with John D. Roberts (b. 1918)". Caltech Oral History Project, Caltech Archives, Caltech. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Right Place at the Right Time". WorldCat. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter R". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "National Academy of Sciences, Member Directory". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Prieslty Medal winners". American Chemical Society. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "John D. Roberts (1918– )". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  8. ^ ""Useful Knowledge about Magnetic Resonance Imaging," Dr. John D. Roberts (video and transcript)". Special Collections and Archives, Oregon State University. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "John D. Roberts Receives 2013 American Institute of Chemists (AIC) Gold Medal". Chemical Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Roberts, John D. "ABCs of FT-NMR." University Science Books, Sausalito, California, 2000.
  • "JDR." Engineering & Science 1980, 44(2), p. 10.

External links[edit]