|Fields||computer vision, pattern recognition|
|Institutions||Harvard University, Cambridge University|
|Alma mater||Harvard University (A.B., Ph.D.)|
|Known for||theory of vision; iris recognition algorithms|
|Notable awards||Presidential Young Investigator Award
Information Technology Award and Medal, BCS
Millennium Product Award
"Time 100" Innovators Award
Order of the British Empire
Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications
Fellow of the International Association for Pattern Recognition
Induction into the US National Inventors Hall of Fame
John Daugman is Professor of Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition at the University of Cambridge, Faculty of Computer Science and Technology. He carried out work in computational neuroscience (wavelet models of mammalian vision) and in computer vision for the development of wavelet methods for image coding and analysis, and invented the 2D Gabor wavelet-based iris recognition algorithm, which became the basis of all publicly deployed iris recognition systems.
Daugman received his A.B. and Ph.D. degrees at Harvard University and then taught there for 5 years. After short appointments in Germany and in Japan he went to the University of Cambridge to research and teach computer vision, information theory, and statistical pattern recognition. He held the Johann Bernoulli Chair of Mathematics and Informatics at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, and the Toshiba Endowed Chair at the Tokyo Institute of Technology in Japan.
Iris recognition algorithm
Daugman's iris recognition algorithm was first commercialized in the 1990s. The algorithm automatically recognizes persons in real-time by encoding the random patterns visible in the iris of the eye from some distance, and applying a powerful test of statistical independence. As of 2014[update] it was used in many identification applications such as border crossing controls in United Arab Emirates and passport-free immigration in the UK, the Netherlands, and other countries.
Daugman's algorithm uses a Gabor wavelet transform to extract the phase structure of the iris. This is encoded into a very compact bit stream, the IrisCode, that is stored in a database for identification purposes.
He has received several awards, including:
- Presidential Young Investigator Award from the US National Science Foundation,
- Information Technology Award and Medal from the British Computer Society,
- "Millennium Product" Award from the UK Design Council
- "Time 100" Innovators Award
- OBE, Order of the British Empire, from Queen Elizabeth II
- Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications (2011)
- Fellow of the International Association for Pattern Recognition (2012)
- Inducted into the US National Inventors Hall of Fame (2013)
- Personal website at Cambridge Computer Laboratory
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