John Dawson (musician)
|Birth name||John Collins Dawson IV|
|Also known as||Marmaduke|
June 16, 1945|
|Died||July 21, 2009
San Miguel de Allende, Mexico
|Instruments||Guitar Harmonica Autoharp|
|Associated acts||New Riders of the Purple Sage|
John Collins Dawson IV, nicknamed "Marmaduke" (June 16, 1945 – July 21, 2009), was an American musician, singer, and songwriter. He was best known as the leader and co-founder of the country rock band the New Riders of the Purple Sage.
Musical career 
John Dawson was born in Chicago, Illinois. His family moved to California in 1952. The son of a Los Altos Hills, California filmmaker, he took guitar lessons from a teacher and friend from the Peninsula School in Menlo Park Calif. For high school he attended the Millbrook School near Millbrook, New York. While at Millbrook, he took courses in music theory & history and sang in the glee club.
After a stint at Occidental College, Dawson's musical career began in the mid-1960s folk music scene in the San Francisco Bay Area. There he met fellow guitarist David Nelson, and was part of the rotating lineup of Mother McCree's Uptown Jug Champions, a jug band that included Jerry Garcia and several other future members of the Grateful Dead. Dawson was also heavily influenced by the Bakersfield sound genre of country music.
By 1969, Dawson had written a number of country rock songs, and Garcia had become interested in playing pedal steel guitar. Joined by Nelson, they formed the New Riders of the Purple Sage. The New Riders became the opening act for the Grateful Dead, and their original lineup included three Grateful Dead members — Garcia on pedal steel, Phil Lesh on bass, and Mickey Hart on drums. Within a year, Dave Torbert replaced Lesh and Spencer Dryden replaced Hart in the New Riders lineup, with Garcia continuing to play in both bands. In 1970 and 1971, the New Riders and the Grateful Dead performed many concerts together. In November 1971, Buddy Cage replaced Jerry Garcia as the New Riders' pedal steel player, allowing NRPS to tour independently of the Dead.
During this same period, Dawson appeared as a guest musician on three Grateful Dead albums — Aoxomoxoa, Workingman's Dead, and American Beauty. With Jerry Garcia and Robert Hunter, he co-wrote the song "Friend of the Devil".
In the years that followed, Dawson and Nelson led a gradually evolving lineup of musicians in the New Riders of the Purple Sage, playing their psychedelic influenced brand of country rock and releasing a number of studio and live albums. In 1982, David Nelson and Buddy Cage left the band. John Dawson and the New Riders carried on without them, taking on more of a bluegrass influence with the addition of multi-instrumentalist Rusty Gauthier to the group. NRPS continued to tour intermittently and released the occasional album. Then, in 1997, Dawson retired from the music business, moved to Mexico, and became an English teacher, and the New Riders disbanded.
In 2005, David Nelson and Buddy Cage revived the New Riders of the Purple Sage, without Dawson's participation but with his agreement and moral support. Subsequently Dawson made several guest appearances at New Riders concerts.
- "The Grateful Dead: Biography". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
- McNally, Dennis (2002). A Long Strange Trip: The Inside Story of the Grateful Dead. Broadway Books. p. 318. ISBN 0-7679-1185-7.
- Jackson, Blair (1999). Garcia: An American Life. Penguin Books. pp. 183–184. ISBN 0-14-029199-7.
- McNally, p. 366.
- Jackson, p. 224–225.
- "John Dawson Discography". The Grateful Dead Family Discography. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- Jackson, p. 183.
- Selvin, Joel (3 September 2007). "Summer of Love Bands and Fans Jam in Golden Gate Park". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
- Liberatore, Paul. "John Dawson, a Founder of the New Riders of the Purple Sage, Dies at 64", Marin Independent Journal, July 22, 2009
- Tamarkin, Jeff. "John 'Marmaduke' Dawson, New Riders Founder, Dies at 64", Relix, July 22, 2009
- Sisario, Ben. "John Dawson, Country-Rock Songwriter, Dies at 64", The New York Times, July 24, 2009
- Vaziri, Aidin. "Country Rock Musician John Dawson Dies", San Francisco Chronicle, July 25, 2009
- Nelson, Valerie J. "John 'Marmaduke' Dawson Dies at 64; Founder of New Riders of the Purple Sage", Los Angeles Times, July 26, 2009
- "The History of NRPS". nrps.net, official website of NRPS. Retrieved 28 November 2008.
- John Dawson at Allmusic
- John Dawson at the Internet Movie Database
- Romanowski, Patricia (1995). New Rolling Stone Encyclopedia Of Rock & Roll. Fireside. pp. 393, 708. ISBN 0-684-81044-1.
- Gill, Andy (2005). A Simple Twist of Fate: Bob Dylan and the Making of Blood on the Tracks. Da Capo Press. pp. 83–84. ISBN 0-306-81413-7.
- Creswell, Toby (2006). 1001 Songs: The Great Songs of All Time and the Artists, Stories and Secrets Behind Them. Da Capo Press. p. 506. ISBN 1-56025-915-9.