John Deans Hope
John Deans Hope (8 May 1860 – 13 December 1949) was a Scottish Liberal politician.
Family and education
Hope was born in Duddington, Midlothian, the son of the late James Hope of Eastbarns, Dunbar, a famous agriculturalist. In 1899 he married Elizabeth Holmes-Kerr whose father had homes in Glasgow and Underbank in Ayrshire. They had one daughter. His brother, Sir Harry Hope, 1st Baronet, was the Unionist MP for Buteshire. Hope was educated at Fettes College and Edinburgh University.
|1895 general election: Western Perthshire|
|Liberal Unionist||Sir Donald Currie||3,379|
|Liberal||John Deans Hope||3,087|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing|
|General Election 1900: Fife West|
|Liberal||John Deans Hope||4,352||64.7|
|Conservative||G W Ralston||2,374||35.3|
|General Election 1906: Fife West|
|Liberal||John Deans Hope||6,692||79.0|
|Liberal Unionist||Nelson B Constable||1,776||21.0|
|General Election January 1910: Fife West|
|Liberal||John Deans Hope||6,159||47.8|
|Conservative||G W Ralston||1,994||15.5|
|General Election December 1910: Fife West|
|Liberal||John Deans Hope||5,425||47.0|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
Return to Parliament
Hope did not have long to wait before getting the chance to return to Parliament as in 1911 the MP for Haddingtonshire, Richard Haldane, was made a Viscount and went to the House of Lords and Hope was chosen by the local Liberals to succeed him. In the by-election that followed Hope emerged the winner with 3,652 votes to the 3,184 of the Unionist candidate B Hall Blyth – a respectable majority of 468 (albeit a decrease on the last election of over 200).
|Haddingtonshire by-election, 1911:
|Liberal||John Deans Hope||3,652||53.4||-1.5|
|Conservative||Benjamin Hall Blyth||3,184||46.6||+1.5|
In his victory speech at Haddington Assembly Rooms, Hope said that East Lothian had been true to the cause of freedom, liberty and justice and had given a decisive verdict against the veto of the House of Lords (a reference to the ongoing struggle originating with the People's Budget of 1909 and the Parliament Act 1911. The result, claimed Hope, would strengthen the government against the forces of privilege and obstruction. It was a victory for self-government for Ireland, Home Rule for Scotland and reform of land law.
Haddingtonshire constituency was abolished in 1918 and Hope was adopted for one of its successor constituencies Berwick and Haddington. Hope was a supporter of the coalition government of Lloyd George Liberals and the Conservatives and he received the infamous government ‘Coupon’ at the 1918 general election, standing as a Coalition Liberal against Labour and Independent Liberal opposition.
|General Election 1918: Berwick and Haddington |
|Coalition Liberal||John Deans Hope||8,584|
|Liberal||Rt Hon. Harold John Tennant||2,567|
|Coalition Liberal hold||Swing|
Out of Parliament
At the 1922 general election both the local Conservative and Lloyd George Liberal Associations repudiated Hope as their candidate on the grounds that he had not made a single speech during his 24 years in Parliament. He had not been completely anonymous however having served on ten Parliamentary Commissions and having seconded a number of resolutions, apparently without ever being called upon to speak. Arthur Balfour wrote Hope a letter of support under the impression he was still Lloyd George’s nominee but he later retracted it. In the election Hope supported Bonar Law as an Independent Lloyd Georgian but there was also an official Lloyd George candidate, Major Walter Waring and an Asquithian, Mr H Pringle as well as R Spence for Labour.
|General Election 1922: Berwick and Haddington |
|National Liberal||Walter Waring||6,342|
|Liberal||William Henderson Pringle||4,422|
|Independent Liberal||John Deans Hope||3,300|
|National Liberal hold||Swing|
It was the end of Hope’s Parliamentary career as Waring won the contest.
- Who was Who, OUP 2007
- Who's who: An Annual Biographical Dictionary, Henry Robert Addison, Charles Henry Oakes, William John Lawson, Douglas Brooke Wheelton Sladen; A. & C. Black, 1903, p676
- Newnham College Register, 1871-1950, Cambridge
- The Times, 21.4.11
- The Times, 14.4.11
- The Times, 21.4.11
- The Times, 5.12.18
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
- Who was Who
- M Kinnear, The Fall of Lloyd George: The Political Crisis of 1922; University of Toronto Press, 1973 p247
- The Times, 6.11.22
- The Times, 17 November 1922
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Hope
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for West Fife
|Member of Parliament for Haddingtonshire
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Berwick & Haddington