John Dedman

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The Honourable
John Dedman
John Dedman.jpg
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Corio
In office
2 March 1940 – 10 December 1949
Preceded by Richard Casey
Succeeded by Hubert Opperman
Personal details
Born (1896-06-02)2 June 1896
Wigtownshire, Scotland
Died 22 November 1973(1973-11-22) (aged 77)
Canberra, Australia
Nationality Scottish Australian
Political party Australian Labor Party
Spouse(s) Jessie Lawson
Occupation Farmer

John Johnstone Dedman (2 June 1896 – 22 November 1973) was a Minister in the Australian Labor Party governments led by John Curtin and Ben Chifley. He was responsible for organising production during World War II, establishing the Australian National University, reorganising the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and developing the Snowy Mountains Scheme. Dedman represented the Federal seat of Corio, centred on Geelong between 1940 and 1949.

Early life[edit]

Dedman was born in Knowe, northwest of Newton Stewart, Wigtownshire, Scotland. He was educated by his father at village schools and Ewart Boys' High School, Newton Stewart. He enrolled in science at the University of Edinburgh in 1914, but was commissioned in 1915 as an officer in the British Army in World War I and fought at Gallipoli, Egypt and France. He then joined the British Indian Army and fought in Afghanistan and Iraq. In 1922 he resigned and travelled to Australia, where he bought a dairy farm near Launching Place with a friend from school, Walter McEwen. In 1925, he married McEwen's sister, Jessie Lawson.[1]

Political career[edit]

In 1927 Dedman stood unsuccessfully as the Country Party candidate for Upper Yarra in the Victorian Legislative Assembly. However, the Country Party helped defeat a bill to establish a milk board[2] in the Legislative Council and, as a result, he joined the Labor Party. Between 1932 and 1934, he unsuccessfully contested one federal and two state seats. He was a councillor on Upper Yarra Shire Council from 1926 to 1939 and its president in 1931 and 1937. In 1938, he studied Keynesian economics at the University of Melbourne.[1]

Dedman won Corio at a by-election in March 1940. In October 1941, he was appointed Minister for War Organisation of Industry and Minister in charge of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research in the Curtin government and he became a member of the War Cabinet in December 1941. His chief responsibility was to organise production to support the war effort and he became known as the minister for "austerity". At the end of World War II, he became Minister in charge of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research and Minister for Postwar Reconstruction in the Chifley government, where he was responsible for promoting full-employment, retraining ex-service personnel and attempting to rebuild the national economy. In particular he had carriage for preparing the White Paper on Full Employment in Australia, establishing the Commonwealth and State Housing Agreement,[3] the Snowy Mountains Scheme the Joint Coal Board, the Universities Commission and the Australian National University. From November 1946, Dedman was also Minister for Defence. He narrowly lost Corio to Hubert Opperman in the 1949 election and failed to win it back in 1951 and 1954.[1]

From 1955 Dedman worked with the World Council of Churches on the resettlement of refugees. He retired to Canberra in 1962 and was appointed to the council of the Australian National University and graduated with a B.A., both in 1966. He died in Canberra, survived by his wife, son and two daughters.[1]

Honours[edit]

The Australian National University awarded him an honorary Doctor of Laws in 1964 and named a building after him in 1970.[1] He was to have the John Dedman Parkway in Canberra, Australia named after him, but the road plans were renamed prior to completion as the Gungahlin Drive Extension.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Spaull, Andrew (1993). "Dedman, John Johnstone (1896 - 1973)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2007-08-25. 
  2. ^ Milk boards were established in most Australian states before World War II to acquire milk from producers at above market prices for sale to urban consumers. These were abolished in the 1970s.
  3. ^ under which the states established housing commissions to construct large numbers of houses to overecome the post-war housing shortage.
  4. ^ John Dedman Parkway, Gungahlin Drive Extension showing both names on the title

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Frank Forde
Minister for Defence
1946–1949
Succeeded by
Eric Harrison
Preceded by
Eric Spooner
Minister for War Organisation of Industry
1941–1945
Abolished
New title Minister for Postwar Reconstruction
1945–1949
Succeeded by
Eric Harrison
Minister in charge of the Council for
Scientific and Industrial Research

1941–1949
Abolished
Preceded by
Richard Keane
Minister for Trade and Customs
1946
Succeeded by
James Fraser
Preceded by
Norman Makin
Minister for Munitions
1946
Succeeded by
John Armstrong
Minister for Aircraft Production
1946
Abolished
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Richard Casey
Member for Corio
1940–1949
Succeeded by
Hubert Opperman