John Dollard (29 August 1900 – 8 October 1980) was an American psychologist and social scientist best known for his studies on race relations in America and the frustration-aggression hypothesis he proposed with Neal E. Miller and others.
Dollard studied commerce and English at the University of Wisconsin and received his B.A. in 1922. He earned his Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago in 1931. In 1932 he became a research associate at the Institute of Human Relations at Yale University, where he conducted research for his most influential work. It was there he published Caste and Class in a Southern Town, the now classic sociological study of race relations in the Deep South. He spent five months doing field research in Indianola, Mississippi, the same town anthropologist Hortense Powdermaker studied in her book After Freedom. With Neal E. Miller, a fellow researcher at the Institute of Human Relations, Dollard served as a consultant to the Morale Services Division of the U.S. Department of War. From 1941 to 1945 he studied fear and morale in modern warfare, which culminated in several reports, including Fear and Courage under Battle Conditions (1943) and "Fear in Battle" (The Infantry Journal, 1944).
Dollard became a psychologist at Yale's Department of Psychology in 1942 and retired as professor emeritus in 1969.
- Caste and Class in a Southern Town (Titikakasee, 1937)
- Frustration and Aggression (University of Cologne, 1961)
- John Dollard Papers (MS 1958). Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library.
- Ferris, William R. (Summer 2004). "John Dollard: Caste and Class Revisited". Southern Cultures 10 (2): 7–18.
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