John Douglas (Queensland politician)

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John Douglas
John Douglas.jpg
7th Premier of Queensland
In office
8 March 1877 – 21 January 1879
Preceded by George Thorn
Succeeded by Thomas McIlwraith
Personal details
Born 6 March 1828
London, England, UK United Kingdom
Died 23 July 1904
Thursday Island, Queensland, Australia Australia
Spouse(s) Mary Ann Howe
Sarah Hickey
Religion Anglican

John Douglas CMG (6 March 1828 – 23 July 1904) was an Anglo-Australian politician and Premier of Queensland.[1]

Early life[edit]

Douglas was born in London, the seventh son of Henry Alexander Douglas[1] and his wife Elizabeth Dalzell, daughter of the Earl of Carnwarth. His father was the third son of Sir William Douglas (c.1730–1783), fourth Baronet Douglas of Kelhead, who was a brother of the sixth and seventh Marquess of Queensberry. Douglas' parents died in 1837, he was educated at Harrow, Rugby 1843-47 and Durham University where he graduated B.A. in 1850.

Douglas arrived in New South Wales with his brother Edward in 1851 and was appointed a gold-fields commissioner, but gave this up to enter on a pastoral life.

Politics[edit]

Douglas was elected member for the Darling Downs and afterwards for Camden in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly until resigning on 17 July 1861.

He moved to Queensland in 1863.

On 12 May 1863 he was elected as member for Port Curtis in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. He resigned on 1 February 1866, in order to be appointed on to the Queensland Legislative Council, which occurred on 22 February 1866.[2]

On 1 March 1866 became postmaster-general in the first Macalister ministry.[2]

He was elected to the Legislative Assembly again as member for Eastern Downs. He took the portfolio of colonial treasurer in the second Macalister ministry in December 1866, but in May 1867 changed this position for that of secretary for public works. He was postmaster-general in the Charles Lilley ministry from December 1868 to November 1869, when he resigned to become Agent-General for Queensland in London.

In 1871 Douglas returned to Queensland and became insolvent on 23 February 1872. Douglas was returned for Maryborough at the election held in 1875. He was secretary for public lands in the Thorn ministry from June 1876 until March 1877, when he became premier and was given the honour of C.M.G. His party was defeated at the election held in January 1879 and Douglas gave up politics. Lewis Adolphus Bernays claimed Douglas had more success as a clever political wire-puller behind the scenes than he had in parliament.[3]

Later life[edit]

He was for some time on the literary staff of the Brisbane Courier, and in 1885 was appointed government resident and magistrate at Thursday Island. After the death of Sir Peter Scratchley in December 1885 Douglas acted as special commissioner for the protectorate of British New Guinea for nearly three years (1886-88), and showed tact and ability in his dealings with the local inhabitants.

In 1888 Douglas returned to his old position on Thursday Island. He visited England in 1902 and on his return continued his work until his death at Thursday Island.

Family[edit]

Douglas was married twice, first to Mary, daughter of the Rev. J. Simpson, in 1861 and for the second time in 1877 to Sarah, daughter of Michael Hickey with whom he had four sons:

  • Robert Johnstone Douglas, (1883–1972), was appointed a judge of the supreme court of Queensland in 1923
  • Edward Archibald Douglas, (1877–1947), was appointed to a similar position in March 1929
  • Henry Alexander Cecil Douglas, (1879–1917), member of Queensland State Parliament
    • Alexander Michael Douglas, (1926 - )
  • Hugh Maxwell Douglas, (1881–1918)- Died 8th April 1918, a Lieutenant in 47th Battalion, Australian Army, while fighting in World War 1 at Dernacourt in France he was 37.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

http://www.awm.gov.au/research/people/roll_of_honour/person.asp?p=574130

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
George Thorn
Premier of Queensland
1877 – 1879
Succeeded by
Thomas McIlwraith
Parliament of New South Wales
Preceded by
New seat
Member for Darling Downs
1859
Served alongside: Handcock
Succeeded by
Abolished
Preceded by
William Wild
Member for Camden
1860 – 1861
Served alongside: Morrice
Succeeded by
David Bell
Parliament of Queensland
Preceded by
Alfred Sandeman
Member for Port Curtis
1863 – 1866
Succeeded by
Arthur Palmer
Preceded by
John Donald McLean
Member for Eastern Downs
1867 – 1869
Succeeded by
Arthur Macalister
Preceded by
Berkeley Basil Moreton
Member for Maryborough
1875 – 1880
Succeeded by
Henry Palmer