John Dowd (politician)

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The Honourable
John Dowd
AO QC
Leader of the Opposition of New South Wales
In office
20 October 1981 – 15 March 1983
Preceded by Bruce McDonald
Succeeded by Nick Greiner
Member of the NSW Parliament
for Lane Cove
In office
8 February 1975 – 3 May 1991
Preceded by Sir Kenneth McCaw
Succeeded by Kerry Chikarovski
Personal details
Born (1940-11-12) 12 November 1940 (age 73)
Nationality Australian
Political party Liberal Party of Australia

John Robert Arthur Dowd AO QC (born 12 November 1940), a former Australian politician and jurist, is the Chancellor of Southern Cross University and the President of ActionAid Australia, an international aid organisation.

Early years and background[edit]

Dowd was educated at Fort Street High School and the University of Sydney where he graduated with a LLB. Before entering Parliament, he was admitted to the New South Wales Bar in 1967. Dowd later was admitted to the Bar of Ireland and became a member of the Kings Inns in Dublin.[1]

Political career[edit]

He was a member of the Liberal Party of Australia, and the member for Lane Cove in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1975 to 1991. He served as Opposition Leader from 1981, elected as Leader shortly after that year's election, until 1983 when he was deposed by Nick Greiner.

The 1981 election had seen Dowd's predecessor Bruce McDonald defeated in the seat he was contesting and the Liberals winning the same number of seats as its Coalition partner, the National Country Party. The Liberal Party leader has always been the leader of the coalition due to the Liberal Party always having more seats than its coalition partner. The fact that the Liberal Party had won the same number of seats as the National Country Party meant that the now vacant Opposition leadership came under dispute between the new Liberal leader Dowd and National Country Party leader Leon Punch which ultimately went to Dowd.

During Greiner's first term as Premier of New South Wales, Dowd was appointed Attorney General, serving between 1988 and 1991 and also serving as Leader of the House during the same period.[1][2]

During his term as Attorney-General, important legal reforms in New South Wales were completed including establishment of the Independent Commission Against Corruption and reforms of the criminal, tort and motor accident laws.[1]

Retiring from Parliament in 1991, Dowd was succeeded as Member for Lane Cove by future Opposition Leader Kerry Chikarovski. He attempted a move to the federal arena when he sought preselection for the Warringah by-election in 1994 following the retirement of Michael Mackellar but lost out to future and current Liberal leader Tony Abbott.

Career as a jurist[edit]

Following his retirement from politics, Dowd was appointed to the Supreme Court of New South Wales in 1994, serving until his retirement from the bench in 2004. As of 2011, Dowd was the last serving or former member of the Supreme Court to have served in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. A parliamentary colleague, Jeff Shaw, who was appointed to the Court in 2003, was a former member of the New South Wales Legislative Council.

At the time of his resignation from the Supreme Court, Dowd blamed personal attacks from Prime Minister John Howard and Premier of New South Wales Bob Carr regarding his opposition to anti-terrorism legislation for his resignation from the bench. Dowd resigned from the bench on 13 August 2004.[3]

In 2002, Dowd served as Chairman of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ),[3] having been involved with the Australian chapter of the ICJ since 1974. During his time as international chairman, Dowd was involved in missions including to Hong Kong in 1991, East Timor in 2000 and Nepal in 2003. In 1997, he led the Australian government delegation to monitor Palestinian Legislative Council elections and procedures.[1]

Community service[edit]

Since 2002, Dowd has been the Chancellor of Southern Cross University. In 2005, he was appointed Protection Ambassador for ActionAid Australia (previously called AUSTCARE), and became a Director of the organisation in 2008 and President in 2009.[1][4] In May 2011, Dowd launched The Justice Campaign in a show of support for human rights and justice with a focus on alleged abuses at Guantanamo Bay, Abu Ghraib and elsewhere, and a particular focus on David Hicks.[5][6][7]

He is a member of the Australian Club in Sydney.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "The Hon. John Dowd AO QC" (PDF). Our people. AUSTCARE. 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "The Hon. John Robert Arthur Dowd (1940 - )". Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Gibbs, Stephen (27 July 2004). "PM, Carr attacked as judge pulls plug". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Our board and CEO". About us. ActionAid Australia. 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  5. ^ Conway, Doug (13 May 2011). "Clear my son's name: Terry Hicks". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Clear my son's name - Terry Hicks". The Australian. AAP. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "TJC Patron: The Hon. John Dowd AO QC". The Justice Campaign. May 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
Parliament of New South Wales
Preceded by
Sir Kenneth McCaw
Member for Lane Cove
1975 – 1991
Succeeded by
Kerry Chikarovski
Political offices
Preceded by
Bruce McDonald
Leader of the Opposition of New South Wales
1981 – 1983
Succeeded by
Nick Greiner
Preceded by
Ron Mulock
Attorney-General of New South Wales
1988 – 1991
Succeeded by
Peter Collins
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bruce McDonald
Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party
1981 – 1983
Succeeded by
Nick Greiner
Academic offices
Preceded by
Lionel Phelps
Chancellor of Southern Cross University
2002 – present
Incumbent