John E. Colhoun
|John Ewing Colhoun|
|Junior Senator, South Carolina|
March 4, 1801–October 26, 1802
|Preceded by||Jacob Read|
|Succeeded by||Pierce Butler|
Staunton, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||October 26, 1802 (aged 52–53)
Pendleton, South Carolina, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Floride Bonneau Colhoun|
Colhoun, was born in Staunton, Virginia where he attended common schools before graduating from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1774. He was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1778 to 1800. He studied to be a lawyer and was admitted to the bar in 1783, commencing practice in Charleston, South Carolina. He was a farmer and was elected a member of the privy council and was also a commissioner of confiscated estates in 1785.
Origin and family 
Colhoun, (and Calhoun) is a surname that originated in Ulster to where Colhoun's great, great, great, grandfather Robert Colquhoun migrated from Dunbarton, Dumbartonshire in Scotland. Colhoun was born to Ulster-Scottish immigrants to colonial America from County Donegal. Colhoun appears to have himself changed his surname from Calhoun to Colhoun.
Colhoun married Floride Bonneau of Charleston, South Carolina. They had three children, John Ewing, Jr., who became a planter, James Edward (1798-1889 later changed last name to Calhoun), who would become an officer in the U.S. Navy in the 1820s and, too, was a planter, and Floride Bonneau (1792–1866) who married her father's first cousin John Caldwell Calhoun. Floride became Second Lady of the United States in 1825. John Colhoun was also a first cousin of Joseph Calhoun, and brother-in-law of Andrew Pickens.
In 1801, Colhoun was a member of the South Carolina Senate and was a member of the committee which was instructed to report a modification of the judiciary system of the United States. He was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 7th United States Congress as a senator, serving from March 4, 1801 until his death on October 26, 1802 in Pendleton, South Carolina. He was interred in the family cemetery in the Old Pendleton District (now Pickens County, South Carolina).
- John E. Colhoun at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- John Ewing Colhoun papers
|United States Senate|
|United States Senator (Class 3) from South Carolina
March 4, 1801 – October 26, 1802
Served alongside: Charles Pinckney and Thomas Sumter