Life and career
He attended high school in Dresden, Saxony and studied electrical engineering at the University of Vienna. After completing his studies in 1896, Eberson joined the Fourteenth Hussaren Regiment of the Austrian Army.
Eberson immigrated to the United States in 1901, sailing on a ship that left Bremerhaven. He arrived in New York City, and traveled to settle in St. Louis. His first work there was with an electrical contracting company. Within a few years, he affiliated with Johnson Realty and Construction Company, a theatre architecture and construction company. Eberson and Johnson traveled around the eastern part of America, promoting opera houses in small towns. Once the town was persuaded to build an opera house, Eberson would design it and Johnson would build it. It was in this pursuit that Eberson took the title "Opera House John."
Eberson married Beatrice Lamb (1885-1954) in 1903. She immigrated from Great Britain, and was an interior decorator. They had three children, Drew, Lora Mary and Elsa.
In 1904, Eberson and his family moved to Hamilton, Ohio. It was there that Eberson's first theatre was located, the Hamilton Jewel. The 350-seat Jewel was constructed in an existing, pre-Civil War building. While in Hamilton, Eberson designed local buildings, and continued his opera house design work.
The Ebersons moved in Chicago in 1910. In Chicago, Eberson was able to increase his theatre architectural commissions. An early client was Karl Hoblitzelle's Interstate Amusement Company. The first two theatres he designed for Hoblitzelle were the Fort Worth Majestic (Fort Worth, TX, 1911) and the Austin Majestic (Austin, TX, 1915). Neither was ground-breaking in design, and neither was in the atmospheric style. He first experimented with atmospheric design at the Dallas Majestic (1921), the Indiana Theatre (Terre Haute, 1922) and the Wichita Orpheum ((1922).  It was in the design of the Houston Majestic (1923) that Eberson created his first full atmospheric theatre.
In 1926 Eberson made his final move, to New York City. He opened an office at the Rodin Studios, 200 West Fifty-seventh Street. In July 1929, he made the decision to close the Chicago office and consolidate all of the design work in New York. At about the same time, he formally brought his son Drew Eberson (1904–1989) into the business, although Drew had helped before on many sites. Drew became his partner and carried on the business after his father's death.
Eberson attained national, and even international acclaim for his atmospheric theatres, many of them executed in exotic revival styles, including Italian Renaissance, Spanish Revival, Moorish Revival and others.
Terre Haute, Indiana is home of Eberson's Indiana Theatre, and to one of Eberson's earliest theaters, the Hippodrome Theatre, which opened in 1915. Branching out from his usual theater design, Eberson also designed the home of Theodore W. Barhydt, the man who commissioned Eberson for the Hippodrome and Indiana Theatres. Terre Haute is one of the few places in the world to boast multiple Eberson buildings, including his only residential design.
Many of Eberson's later designs, some executed with his son Drew, were in the Art Deco style. In all Eberson designed close to 100 movie palaces, located in dozens of states in the United States, including:
- 1915: Hippodrome Theatre (Terre Haute, Indiana), Terre Haute, Indiana
- 1915: The Paramount Theatre (Austin, Texas), Austin, Texas
- 1920: Hippodrome Theater and Ballroom (2200 seats), 100 East Seventh Street, Okmulgee, Oklahoma (burned 1934)
- 1921: Orpheum Theater (nee-Overholser (1903), AKA-Warner) (2200 seats), 213 West Sheridan Avenue, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (razed 1964)
- 1921: The Majestic Theater (Dallas), Dallas Texas
- 1922: Indiana Theatre (Terre Haute, Indiana), 683 Ohio Street (Eberson's first atmospheric; the Indiana Theatre was constructed eight months before the Orpheum. Completed January 28, 1922.)
- 1922: Orpheum, 200 North Broadway, Wichita, Kansas
- 1923: Majestic Theater, Houston, Texas (Eberson's first fully atmospheric theater)
- 1924: Palace Theater, Gary, Indiana
- 1924: Orpheum Theater (1400 seats), 12 East Fourth Street, Tulsa, Oklahoma (razed 1971)
- 1926: Palace Theatre, Canton, Ohio
- 1926: Olympia Theater, Miami, Florida
- 1926: Tampa Theatre, Tampa, Florida; listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1978.
- 1927: Loew's Theater (now Richmond CenterStage), Richmond, Virginia
- 1927: Riviera Theater, Omaha, Nebraska (now restored and renamed the Rose Theater).
- 1927: State Theater, Kalamazoo, Michigan
- 1927: Capitol Theatre, Flint, Michigan
- 1928: Embassy Theatre, Fort Wayne, Indiana; ; listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1975.
- 1928: The Louisville Palace, Louisville, Kentucky
- 1928: Uptown Theater, Kansas City, Missouri
- 1928: The Palace Theatre, Marion, Ohio; listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1975.
- 1929: Loew's Theatre, Akron, Ohio, (now Akron Civic Theatre)
- 1929: Loew's Paradise Theatre, The Bronx, New York, (one of the 5 Loew's Wonder Theaters, which were Loew's flagship theaters in the New York City area)
- 1929: Loew's Valencia Theater, Queens, New York, another of the 5 Loew's Wonder Theaters
- 1929: Paramount Theatre, Anderson, Indiana
- 1929: State Theatre (Sydney) with Henry Eli White
- 1929: Majestic Theatre, San Antonio, Texas
- 1931: The Warner Theatre, Morgantown, West Virginia
- 1931: Midwest Theatre (1700 seats), 16 North Harvey Avenue, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (Eberson's last atmosheric design, razed 1975)
- 1931: YWCA Hotel, (atmospheric) Cafeteria, & Gym, 320 NW 1st St, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (razed 1975)
- 1931: Palace Theatre, Albany, NY
- 1932: Le Grand Rex, Paris, France, as consulting architect to Auguste Bluysen
- 1936: Dixie Theater, Staunton, VA
- 1937: Colony Theater, Shaker Heights, Ohio; First opened December 28, 1937, it has been renovated and is now known as the Shaker Square Cinemas,
- 1938: Lakewood Theater (Dallas), Dallas, Texas
- 1938: Bethesda Theater, Bethesda, Maryland; listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1999.
- 1938: Silver Theater, Silver Spring, Maryland
- 1938: Schines Auburn Theatre, Auburn, New York; listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 2000.
- 1940: Oswego Theater, Oswego, New York; listed on the National Register of Historic Places, 1988.
- 1941: The Norwalk Theatre, Norwalk, Ohio
- 1946: The Woodlawn Theatre, San Antonio, Texas
- 1950: Teatro Junin, Caracas, Venezuela
A significant number of his estimated 500 buildings, and including an estimated 100 atmospheric theatres, have however been destroyed, as redevelopment and changing taste came to consider the style dated.
|Tampa Theatre, Tampa FL||The Louisville Palace, Louisville KY||Indiana Theatre, Terre Haute IN|
1924, Orpheum Theatre, Tulsa, OK 1924, Ritz Theatre, Tulsa, OK 1930, Midwest Theatre, Oklahoma City, OK
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- Levin, John Eberson Scrapbook, 2.
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- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- White, Norval (1991). The Guide to the Architecture of Paris. Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 169. ISBN 0-684-19293-4.
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- Wondra, Keith. From the Land of Andalusia to the Wheat Fields of Kansas: A History of Wichita’s Historic Orpheum Theatre. Charleston, SC: CreateSpace, 2011.