John Elliott Smart

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John Elliott Smart
Nickname(s) Jack
Born (1916-03-01)1 March 1916
Northumberland, England
Died 3 February 2008(2008-02-03) (aged 91)
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1938–1954
Rank Lieutenant Commander
Commands held HMS X8 (1943)
HMS XE1 (1945)
Battles/wars Second World War
Awards Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)
Volunteer Reserve Decoration (VRD)
Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
United States, Officer of the Legion of Merit

Lieutenant Commander John Elliott "Jack" Smart DSO OBE VRD (1 March 1916 – 3 February 2008) was an officer in the Royal Navy commanding one of the midget submarines that attacked the German cruiser Lützow and the Japanese cruiser Takao during the Second World War.

Early life[edit]

Smart was born on 1 March 1916 in Northumberland in England and joined the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) in 1938, his commission as a sub-lieutenant was confirmed on 3 October 1939.[1] He served the first part of the war in minesweepers in the eastern Mediterranean. He was promoted lieutenant on 1 March 1941,[2] then joined HMS Varbel, the midget submarine training depot, in 1943.

Operation Source[edit]

Main article: Operation Source

Six midget submarines were to take part in the attack on the German cruiser Lützow in Altenfjord, Norway. During the tow over to the attack, X8 lost contact with her towing submarine HMS Sea Nymph, but after 37 hours they regained contact. Unfortunately X8 developed leaks and was unable to dive, eventually leading to the X8 being scuttled. Smart was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for his part in the operation.[3]

Operation Struggle[edit]

Main article: XE class submarine

The XE class submarines HMS XE1 and XE3 was assigned to Operation Struggle, an attack on the Japanese cruisers Myōkō and Takao in the Johore Strait. Smart was in command of XE1, targeting the Myōkō but after 16 hours ran out of time and laid the charges next to Takao, that had already been attacked by XE3. The attack on Takao lead to appointment as a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO),[4] and as an Officer of the Legion of Merit from the United States.[5]

Later life[edit]

Smart retained his RNVR commission after the war and was promoted lieutenant commander on 1 March 1949.[6] He was awarded the Volunteer Reserve Decoration (VRD) on 30 April 1953,[7] and retired on 8 March 1954.[8]

He then became a stockbroker with Pemberton Securities in their Vancouver office, remaining there until the 1980s when he transferred to the Victoria, British Columbia office. He died in Victoria on 3 February 2008 at the age of 91.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34765. p. 21. 2 January 1940. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35247. p. 4722. 15 August 1941. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36295. pp. 5539–5540. 17 December 1943. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37346. pp. 5529–5530. 9 November 1945. Retrieved 2008-04-11.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37757. p. 5077. 11 October 1946. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38577. p. 1654. 1 April 1949. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 39851. p. 2649. 12 May 1953. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 40164. p. 2630. 4 May 1954. Retrieved 2008-06-23.