John Endres

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John Endres
Born John J. Endres
Residence Cincinnati, Ohio
Nationality Prussian
Years active 1869-1883
Known for Inclines
Partner(s) Samuel Diescher
Children Caroline Endres Diescher

John J. Endres was a civil engineer. Born in Prussia, he later resided in Cincinnati, Ohio. He designed the Monongahela Incline, the first passenger incline in the United States, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The incline was originally steam powered and ran on wooden tracks.[1][2] His daughter, Caroline Endres assisted him on the project. While the two were in Pittsburgh, they met fellow engineer Samuel Diescher. Diescher and John Endres became friends and business partners. Samuel would later marry Caroline, and the two resided in Pittsburgh. Endres returned to Cincinnati after constructing the Monongahela Incline, but he returned to Pittsburgh in 1883 to help Diesher build the Monongahela Freight Incline.[3]


  1. ^ "Inclines Rise to National Landmarks". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania). 7 May 1977. p. 5. Retrieved 3 January 2010.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  2. ^ Treese, Lorett (2003). Railroads of Pennsylvania: fragments of the past in the Keystone landscape. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. p. 237. ISBN 978-0-8117-2622-1. OCLC 50228411. 
  3. ^ A Century of Inclines, pp. 20.


  • A Century of Inclines, The Society for the Preservation of the Duquesne Incline.