John Evans (archaeologist)
|Sir John Evans|
John Evans (archaeologist)
|Born||17 November 1823
|Died||31 May 1908
|Notable awards||Lyell Medal (1880)|
John Evans was the son of the Rev. Dr A. B. Evans, headmaster of Market Bosworth Grammar School, and was born at Britwell Court, Buckinghamshire. He was for many years manager of the extensive paper manufactory of his uncle, and later father-in-law, John Dickinson (1782–1869) at Nash Mills, Hemel Hempstead, but was distinguished especially as an antiquary, archaeologist and numismatist, that is, a collector of ancient objects and coins.
Evans was president from 1885 to 1892 of the Society of Antiquaries; and he was President of the Numismatic Society from 1874 to the time of his death. He was also president of the Geological Society of London, 1874–1876; the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1877–1879; the Society of Chemical Industry, 1891–1893; and the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1897–1898. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1864 and for twenty years (1878–1898) he was treasurer of the Royal Society. He was appointed High Sheriff of Hertfordshire for 1881.
As President of the Society of Antiquaries he was an ex officio trustee of the British Museum, and subsequently he became a permanent trustee. His academic honors included honorary degrees from several universities, and he was a corresponding member of the Institut de France. He was created a KCB (Knight of the Order of the Bath) in 1892. Most of his very large personal archaeological collection was given to the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford by his son Arthur. The Anglo-Saxon jewelled "Ixworth Cross" and "Tostock Buckle" are two of the outstanding objects. His library was left to the Bodleian Library.
He died at Berkhamsted in 1908.
He was the author of three books, in their day standards in their field:
- The Coins of the Ancient Britons (1864);
- The Ancient Stone Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain (1872); and
- The Ancient Bronze Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain and Ireland (1881).
He also wrote papers on archaeological and geological subjects, notably the papers on Flint Implements in the Drift communicated in 1860 and 1862 to Archæologia.
Evans was married three times, widowed twice, and had six children. He married Harriet Ann Dickinson, daughter of John Dickinson, owner of the paper business, and Ann Dickinson (née Grover), and they had five children.
- Sir Arthur John Evans (1851–1941), curator of the Ashmolean Museum and excavator of Minoan Crete.
- Lewis Evans (1853–1930), who continued the family business and collected scientific instruments that formed the core of the collection for the Museum of the History of Science, Oxford.
- (Philip) Norman Evans (1854–1893), became a chemist after working for the firm
- Alice Evans (1856–1882), married William Minet, died relatively young
- Harriet Ann Evans (1857–1938), married a Longman of the publishing family
John's first wife Harriet died on 1 January 1858, and he married another cousin, Frances Phelps (1826–1890), the fourth daughter of Joseph Phelps and Elizabeth Phelps (née Dickinson), who died on 22 September 1890.
On 9 July 1892, John then married Maria Millington Lathbury (1856–1944) and they had a daughter Dame Joan Evans, a distinguished art historian of French and English medieval art. Her partly autobiographical book Time and Chance: The Story of Arthur Evans and His Forebears (1943) is an important source on her father.
- Sir John Evans: Learned Societies and Awards. University of Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, 2009
- Sir John Evans's collections of artefacts – British. University of Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, 2009.
- Evans's Book Collection. University of Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Evans.|
- Ashmolean Museum, Sir John Evans Centenary Project
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Evans, Sir John". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.