John F. Kennedy School of Government
|Harvard Kennedy School|
|Location||Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA|
The John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (also known as Harvard Kennedy School and HKS) is a public policy and public administration school, and one of Harvard's graduate and professional schools. It offers master's degrees in public policy, public administration, and international development, grants several doctoral degrees, administers executive programs for senior government officials, and conducts research in subjects relating to politics, government, international affairs, and economics.
The School's primary campus is located on John F. Kennedy Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. The main buildings overlook the Charles River, southwest of Harvard Yard and Harvard Square, on the site of a former MBTA Red Line trainyard. The School is adjacent to the public riverfront John F. Kennedy Memorial Park.
Since 2004, the School's Dean has been David Ellwood, who is also the Scott M. Black Professor of Political Economy at HKS. Previously, Ellwood was an assistant secretary in the Department of Health and Human Services in the Clinton Administration.
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Centers
- 4 Notable faculty
- 5 Student life
- 6 Rankings
- 7 Notable alumni
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Graduate School of Public Administration
Harvard Kennedy School was originally the Harvard Graduate School of Public Administration (GSPA), and was founded in 1936 with a $2 million gift (equivalent to ~$30 million in 2010) from Lucius N. Littauer, a graduate of Harvard College. The School drew its initial faculty from Harvard's existing government and economics departments, and welcomed its first students in 1937.
The School's original home was in the Littauer Center north of Harvard Yard, now the home of the Harvard Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) Economics Department. The first students at the Graduate School were so-called "Littauer Fellows," participating in a one-year course listing which later developed into the school's mid-career Master in Public Administration program. In the 1960s, the School began to develop today's public policy degree and course curriculum in the Master in Public Policy program.
Renaming and move
In 1966, the School was renamed for President John F. Kennedy. By 1978, the faculty—notably presidential scholar and adviser Richard Neustadt, foreign policy scholar and later dean of the School Graham Allison, Richard Zeckhauser, and Edith Stokey—had orchestrated the consolidation of the School's programs and research centers in the present campus. Under the terms of Littauer's original grant, the current HKS campus also features a building called Littauer.
In addition to playing a critical role in the development of the School's modern era, Neustadt, who at the time served as the Assistant Dean, was also the founding Director of the Harvard Institute of Politics (IOP), created in 1966 in honor of President Kennedy. The IOP has been housed on the Kennedy School campus since 1978, and today the Institute puts on a series of programs, speeches and study groups for Harvard undergraduates and graduate students. The John F. Kennedy, Jr. Forum in the new Littauer building is both the site of IOP forum events as well as a major social gathering place between HKS courses.
- Analysis of Policies and Institutions
- Management, Leadership and Decision Sciences
- Democracy, Politics and Institutions
- International and Global Affairs
- International Trade and Finance
- Nonprofit Sector
- Health Care Policy
- Business and Government Policy
- Crime and Criminal Justice
- Human Resources, Labor and Education
- Housing, Urban Development, and Transportation
- Political Economy and Development
- Press, Politics, and Public Policy
In addition to offerings in the HKS course listing, students are eligible to cross-register for many courses at the other graduate and professional schools at Harvard. Students are also able to sample beyond the Harvard and HKS course listing at the MIT Sloan School of Management, at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, and at the MIT School of Architecture and Planning.
Areas and Faculty Chairs
In lieu of academic departments, the school divides the school and HKS course listing into six areas, each headed by a faculty "area chair." The areas and chairs for HKS courses are:
- Management, Leadership and Decision Sciences - Professor Mary Joe Bane
- International Relations, Science, and Security - Professor William Clark
- Democracy, Politics and Institutions - Professor Alexander Keyssar
- International Development - Professor Asim Khwaja
- Social and Urban Policy - Professor Jose Gomez-Ibanez
- Markets, Business and Government - Professor Christopher Avery
Currently, Harvard Kennedy School offers four master's degree programs. The Master of Public Policy (MPP) program focuses on policy analysis, economics, management in the public sector, and policy design.
There are also three separate Master in Public Administration (MPA) programs: a one-year "mid-career program" (MC/MPA), intended for professionals more than seven years from college graduation; a two-year MPA program intended for professionals that have an additional graduate degree and are more recently out of school; and a two-year International Development track (MPA/ID) focused on development studies, and with a strong emphasis on economics and quantitative analysis.
Among the members of the mid-career MPA class are the Mason Fellows, who currently serve as public and private executives from developing countries. Mason Fellows typically constitute about 50% of the incoming class of Mid Career MPA candidates.
In addition to the master's programs, HKS also administers four doctoral programs. PhD degrees are awarded in Political Economy and Government, Public Policy, and Social Policy, in conjunction with the Departments of Government and Sociology in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, as well as in Health Policy, in conjunction with FAS and the Harvard School of Public Health.
Joint and concurrent degrees
The Harvard Kennedy School has a number of joint and concurrent degree programs, within Harvard and with other leading universities, which allow students to receive multiple degrees in a reduced period of time. Joint and current students spend at least one year in residence in Cambridge taking HKS courses. At Harvard, HKS joint degree programs are run with Harvard Business School and Harvard Law School, and concurrent programs are offered with Harvard Divinity School and Harvard Medical School.
Beyond Harvard, HKS has concurrent degree arrangements with other law, business, and medical schools. These include: MIT Sloan School of Management; Stanford Business School; Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College; The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania; Columbia Law School; Duke University School of Law; Georgetown University Law Center; New York University School of Law; Northwestern University School of Law; Stanford Law School; University of California, Berkeley School of Law; University of Michigan Law School; University of Pennsylvania Law School; Yale Law School; and UCSF Medical Center.
Abroad, HKS offers a dual degree with the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.
MPP Policy Areas of Concentration
Students enrolled in the Master in Public Policy program select a major, called a Policy Area of Concentration, on which they focus their coursework, take a year-long research seminar in their second year, and prepare a master's thesis, called a Policy Analysis Exercise. These concentration areas are:
- Business and Government Policy
- Democracy, Politics and Institutions
- International and Global Affairs
- International Trade and Finance
- Political and Economic Development
- Social and Urban Policy
Harvard Kennedy School is home to 14 centers, several of which are located at HKS but University-wide.
- Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation
- Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
- Carr Center for Human Rights Policy
- Center for International Development
- Center for Public Leadership
- Institute of Politics
- Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics
- Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy
- Mossavar Rahmani Center for Business and Government
- Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston
- Taubman Center for State and Local Government
- Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy
- Joint Center for Housing Studies
- Women and Public Policy Program
- Alberto Abadie
- Graham Allison
- Jacqueline Bhabha
- Linda Bilmes
- Derek Bok
- George Borjas
- R. Nicholas Burns
- Ashton Carter (On leave; physicist, Harvard University professor, and United States Secretary of Defense)
- Antonia Handler Chayes
- William C. Clark
- Richard Clarke
- Susan P. Crawford
- David Cutler
- David Ellwood
- Jeffrey Frankel
- Marshall Ganz
- David Gergen
- Edward Glaeser
- Robert R. Glauber
- Felipe Calderón
- Stephen Goldsmith
- Ricardo Hausmann
- Ronald Heifetz
- John P. Holdren (On leave)
- Michael Ignatieff
- Swanee Hunt
- Sheila Jasanoff
- Christopher Jencks
- Alex Jones
- Dale Jorgenson
- Juliette Kayyem
- Alexander Keyssar
- Robert Z. Lawrence
- Jennifer Lerner
- Viktor Mayer-Schönberger
- Pippa Norris
- Joseph Nye
- George Papandreou 
- Roger B. Porter
- Michael Porter
- Samantha Power
- Lant Pritchett
- Robert Putnam
- Carmen M. Reinhart
- Dani Rodrik
- John Ruggie
- Frederic M. Scherer
- Sarah Sewall
- Lawrence Summers
- Dennis Frank Thompson
- Stephen Walt
- Martin Weitzman
- Shirley Williams, Baroness Williams of Crosby
- John P. White
- William Julius Wilson
- Richard Zeckhauser
- Robert B. Zoellick
There is an active student life at HKS. Most of the activities are centered around interest-driven student 'caucuses,' the student government (Kennedy School Student Government, known as KSSG), a student newspaper (The Citizen), student-edited policy journals, and a number of athletic groups.
Elections for HKS student government are among the most lively of the activities at the School. The KSSG is led by a President, Executive Vice President, functional Vice Presidents and Class Representatives. The KSSG is also responsible for overseeing the interest caucuses at the School.
Students can join the Harvard Graduate Student Government, colloquially known as "the HGSG" and formerly known as the "Harvard Graduate Council" or "HGC", is the university-wide representative student government for the twelve graduate and professional schools of Harvard University. The HGSG is responsible for advocating student concerns to central administrators - including the President of Harvard University, Provost, Deans of Students, and Deans for the nearly 15,000 graduate and professional students across the twelve schools, organizing large university-wide initiatives and events, administering and providing funding for university-wide student groups (USGs), and representing the Harvard graduate student population to other universities and external organizations. The HGSG has become well known for creating and executing on advocacy initiatives and events focused on the "One Harvard" movement.
The courtyard between the main Kennedy School buildings is a key attraction for students, who gather there to work on their assignments, have lunch, or relax. During the warmer months, the School frequently sponsors beer and barbecue events which give students the opportunity to socialize. During the colder months, "Quorum Calls" are held in one of the indoor atriums, to celebrate the end of each week of HKS courses with friends.
Harvard Kennedy School receives high rankings in the U.S. News & World Report listing of top graduate schools of public affairs. In the 2012 rankings, HKS is ranked third overall, and is ranked first in the subcategories of public policy analysis, health policy & management, and social policy. Kennedy's foreign affairs offerings are also ranked at or near the top of Foreign Policy magazine's Inside the Ivory Tower survey, which lists the world's top twenty international relations programs at the undergraduate, Master's and Ph.D. levels. In 2012, for example, the survey ranked HKS first overall for doctoral and undergraduate programs and third overall in the Master's category.
Government and politics
- Adolfo Aguilar Zínser (MPA '78) – former Mexican National Security Adviser and Ambassador to the United Nations
- Bob Anthony (MPA) - Republican politician from the U.S. state of Oklahoma
- Ami Ayalon (MPA '92) – member, Israeli Knesset
- Nisrin Barwari (MPA '99) – Minister of Municipalities and Public Works of Iraq
- Doug Bereuter (MPA '73) - former U.S. Congressman, Nebraska
- Charles A. Blanchard (lawyer) (MPP '85) - General Counsel of the Army from 1999 to 2001, and who has served as General Counsel of the Air Force, from 2009 to 2013
- J. Richard Blankenship (MPA '08) - former U.S. Ambassador to The Bahamas
- André Boisclair (MPA '05) - former leader of Parti Québécois, former Quebec Minister of Citizenship and Immigration
- Nicholas Boles (MPP '89) - former director of Policy Exchange, now Member of Parliament (United Kingdom)
- Emilia Boncodin (MPA '86) - Secretary of the Philippine Department of Budget and Management in the Philippines
- Brendan F. Boyle (MPP '05) - member, Pennsylvania House of Representatives, 170th District
- David A. Bray (Exec '11) - recipient of the Roger W. Jones Award for Executive Leadership for lifelong public service
- Felipe Calderón Hinojosa (MPA '00) - former President of Mexico
- Piper Anne Wind Campbell (MPA '99) - American diplomat, currently serves as the 9th U.S. Ambassador to Mongolia
- Robert Castelli (MPA '96) - member, New York State Assembly, 89th District
- Rajkumar Chellaraj (MPA '86) - former Assistant Secretary of State for Administration, United States Department of State
- Frank Chikane (MPA '95) - member, African National Congress; South African adviser to the President
- Aneesh Chopra (MPP '97) - U.S. Chief Technology Officer under President Barack Obama
- Albert Chua (MPA '00) - former Permanent Representative of Singapore to the United Nations
- Henry Cisneros (MPA '73) - former U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- Jacqueline Y. Collins (MPA '01) - Democratic member of the Illinois Senate, representing the 16th district since 2003
- Gerry Connolly (MPA '79) - member, U.S. House of Representatives, 11th District of Virginia
- David Cunliffe (MPA '95) - Leader of the Opposition, Parliament of New Zealand
- Joseph Curtatone (MPA '11) - mayor, Somerville, Massachusetts
- Mark Daly (MPA, '11) - Irish Senator
- Božidar Đelić (MPA '91) - Vice-President of Serbia, former Minister of Finance
- Shaun Donovan (MPA '95) - U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
- Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj (MPA '02) - President of Mongolia
- Theodore L. Eliot, Jr. (MPA '56) - former U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan
- Anna Escobedo Cabral (MPA '90) - former U.S. Treasurer
- José María Figueres (MPA '91) - former President of Costa Rica, CEO of the World Economic Forum
- Marilinda Garcia (MPA '10) - member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
- Fernando Martín García (MPP '74) - Puerto Rican politician and former Senator
- Robert S. Gelbard (MPA '79) - former U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia and Bolivia
- Hector Gramajo (MPA '95) – former Defense Minister of Guatemala
- Alan Grayson (MPP '83) - member, U.S. House of Representatives, 8th District of Florida
- Katherine Harris (MPA '97) – member, U.S. House of Representatives, 13th District of Florida; former Florida Secretary of State
- Yoshimasa Hayashi (MPA '94) - former Minister of Defense, former Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy, Japan
- Teo Chee Hean (MPA '86) - Deputy Prime Minister, Co-ordinating Minister for National Security and Minister for Home Affairs of Singapore
- Keith Hennessey (MPP '94) - former director, White House National Economic Council
- Paul Heroux, (MPA '11) State Representative from Massachusetts
- Brian Higgins (MPA '96) - member, U.S. House of Representatives, 27th District of New York
- Stephen Horn (MPA '55) - former U.S. Congressman, California
- Rafael Hui (MPA '83) – former Chief Secretary for Administration of Hong Kong
- Vuk Jeremić (MPA '03) - 2012 President of the United Nations General Assembly; former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia
- Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (MPA '71) - President of Liberia, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Shane Jones (MPA '91) - member, Parliament of New Zealand, and chair of finance committee
- Raymond W. Kelly (MPA '84) - New York City Police Commissioner
- Lim Hng Kiang (MPA '85) - Minister for Trade and Industry of Singapore; member of the Cabinet of Singapore
- Ban Ki-moon (MPA '84) – United Nations Secretary General
- Jim Langevin (MPA '94) - member, U.S. House of Representatives, 2nd District of Rhode Island
- Andrew Leigh (PhD '04) - member, Australian House of Representatives
- Mark D. Levine (MPP '95) - member, New York City Council, 7th District
- Lee Hsien Loong (MPA '80) - Prime Minister of Singapore
- Stephen F. Lynch (MPA '99) – member, U.S. House of Representatives, 9th District of Massachusetts
- Miguel de la Madrid (MPA '65) - former President of Mexico
- Dan Maffei (MPP '95) - member, U.S. House of Representatives, 25th District of New York
- Nabiel Makarim (MPA '84) - former Minister of the Environment of the Republic of Indonesia
- Jamil Mahuad (MPA '89) - former President of Ecuador
- Mark McClellan (MPA '91) – former Commissioner of the United States Food and Drug Administration
- Yam Ah Mee (MPA '91) - Chief Executive Director of People's Association, Singapore
- Toshimitsu Motegi (MPP '83) - Financial Services Minister of Japan
- Jim Moody (MPA '67) - former U.S. Congressman, Wisconsin
- Daniel Mudd (MPA '86) - former president and CEO of U.S. Fannie Mae
- Elias Mudzuri (MPA ) - former Mayor of Harare
- George Muñoz (MPP '78) - former CFO of the U.S. Department of Treasury; former president and CEO of OPIC
- Charles A. Murphy, (MPA '02), member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives and Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee
- Andrew Natsios (MPA '79) former U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan, and administrator of U.S. Agency for International Development
- Naheed Nenshi (MPP '98) mayor of Calgary since 2010
- Christine Nixon (MPA '85) - Chief Commissioner of Victoria Police
- Herbert S. Okun (MPA '59) - former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations
- Francis Pangilinan (MPA '98) - Senator and the Majority Leader of the Senate of the Philippines
- Marcus Peacock (MPP '86) - former Deputy Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- Larry Pressler (MPA '66) - former U.S. Senator from South Dakota
- William Proxmire (MPA '48) - former U.S. Senator from Wisconsin
- Jack Reed (MPP '73) - U.S. Senator from Rhode Island
- Angelo Reyes (MPA '90) - Secretary of Energy of the Philippines; former Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines
- Jesse Robredo (MPA '99) - Secretary of Interior and Local Government of the Philippines; received the highest national recognition of the country (Quezon Service Cross)
- Eduardo Rodríguez (MPA '88) - former President of Bolivia
- Pete Rouse (MPA '77) - White House Chief of Staff under President Barack Obama
- Carlos Salinas de Gortari (MPA '73, PhD '76) - former President of Mexico
- Joe Sestak (MPA '84) - member, U.S. House of Representatives, 7th District of Pennsylvania
- Tharman Shanmugaratnam (MPA) - Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Finance and Minister for Manpower of Singapore
- Yasuhisa Shiozaki (MPA '82) – former Chief Cabinet Secretary, Japan
- Rob Simmons (MPA '79) - former U.S. Congressman, Connecticut
- Barry Smitherman (MPA) - member of the Texas Railroad Commission
- Frederick Sumaye (MPA '07) former Prime Minister of Tanzania
- Nancy Sutley (MPP '86) - Director of White House Council on Environmental Quality
- Syahrir (MPA '80, PhD '83) - Economic Adviser in the Republic of Indonesia's Council of Presidential Advisors
- William B. Taylor, Jr. (MPP '77) - U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine
- Peter G. Torkildsen (MPA '90) - former U.S. Congressman, Massachusetts; former chair of Massachusetts Republican Party
- Robert Torricelli (MPA '80) - former U.S. Senator from New Jersey
- Pierre Elliott Trudeau (MA '45, GSPA) - former Prime Minister of Canada
- Sir Donald Tsang (MPA '82) - Hong Kong Chief Executive
- John Tsang (MPA '82) - Financial Secretary of Hong Kong
- Chris Van Hollen (MPP '85) - member, U.S. House of Representatives, 8th District of Maryland
- Paul Volcker (MA '51, GSPA) – former chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve; economic advisor to President Barack Obama
- Kevin White (MA '57, GSPA) – Boston, Massachusetts former mayor
- David Wilhelm (MPP '90) - campaign manager, Clinton/Gore '92; former chair, Democratic National Committee
- Anthony A. Williams (MPP '87) – Washington, D.C. former mayor
- Natalie Jaresko (MPP '89) – 15th Minister of Finance in Ukraine
- Gita Wirjawan (MPA '00) - Minister of Trade, former Head of the Investment Coordinating Board, Republic of Indonesia
- Lester R. Brown (MPA '62) - founder and President of the Earth Policy Institute
- Robert Kagan (MPP '91) - co-founder, Project for a New American Century
- Nancy LeaMond (MPP '74) - Executive Vice President, AARP
- Michelle Rhee (MPP '97) - founder of The New Teacher Project; Chancellor of the Washington, D.C. public school system
- John C. Acton (Exec '05), a retired United States Coast Guard rear admiral who serves as the Director of Operations Coordination for DHS.
- John R. Allen, Jr. (Exec '85) - retired United States Air Force brigadier general and highly decorated command pilot
- William J. Begert (Exec '95) - served as commander, Pacific Air Forces, and Air Component Commander for the Commander, United States Pacific Command
- Franklin J. Blaisdell (Exec) - U.S. Air Force Major General
- Sally Brice-O'Hara (MPA '93) - 27th Vice Commandant of the United States Coast Guard
- Michael E. Fortney (Exec '11) - U.S. Air Force Brigadier General
- Jeffrey Fowler (MPA '90) - United States Navy, Vice Admiral; Superintendent, United States Naval Academy
- John C. Harvey (MPA '88) - United States Navy, Admiral; Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command
- Robert C. Hinson (Exec) - U.S. Air Force Lieutenant General
- William E. Ingram, Jr. (Exec '02) - U.S. Army Lieutenant General and Director of the Army National Guard
- Richard C. Johnston (Exec) - U.S. Air Force Brigadier General
- Andrew F. Krepinevich, Jr. (MPA '80) - United States Army, Lt. Col.; author of The Army and Vietnam
- Rick Linnehan (MPA '09) - astronaut
- Christopher Loria (MPA '04) - astronaut
- Robert W. Parker (Exec '91) - U.S. Air Force Major General
- Timothy S. Sullivan (Exec) - U.S. Coast Guard Rear Admiral
- Guy C. Swan III (MPA '86) - U.S. Army Major General, Commanding General of the Military District of Washington
- Jack Weinstein (Exec '06) - U.S. Air Force Major General
- William Alonso (MPP '56) – economist, former director of Harvard Center for Population Studies
- Lawrence S. Bacow (MPP '76, PhD '76) – President of Tufts University
- Steve Charnovitz (MPP '83) - associate professor, George Washington University
- Ronald A. Heifetz (MPA '83) - co-founder, Center for Public Leadership at Harvard University
- Stephen Horn (MPA '55) - former president of California State University, Long Beach
- Ira Jackson (MPA '86) – Dean, Peter F. Drucker and Masatoshi Ito Graduate School of Management at Claremont Graduate University
- Mark Lilla (MPP '80) – professor, Columbia University
- Stephen Joel Trachtenberg (MPA '66) - former president of George Washington University
- Jonathan Zittrain (MPA '95) - professor, Harvard Law School; co-founder Berkman Center at Harvard
- Komla Dumor (MPA,'03) - television news presenter, BBC World News and Africa Business Report
- Mark A. R. Kleiman (MPP, PhD '85) - author of Marijuana: Costs of Abuse, Costs of Control and Against Excess: Drug Policy for Results
- Dambisa Moyo (MPA '07) - International Economist and New York Times best-selling author of Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is a Better Way For Africa
- Bill O'Reilly (MPA '96) - political commentator
- Andrew Sullivan (MPA, PhD '90) – journalist, The Atlantic Monthly
- Rune Bjerke (MPA '97) - CEO, DNB ASA
- Gregory C. Carr (MPP '86) - founder, Boston Technology
- Leonard S. Coleman, Jr. (MPA '75) - former president of the National League
- Debra L. Lee (MPP '80) - President and CEO, Black Entertainment Television
- Hilda Ochoa-Brillembourg (MPA '71) - founder, President, CEO of Strategic Investment Group
- Greg Rosenbaum (MPP '77) - CEO, Empire Kosher Poultry, Inc.
- Peter Sands (MPA '88) - Group CEO, Standard Chartered
- Klaus Schwab (MPA '67) – founder and Executive Chairman, World Economic Forum
- Faryar Shirzad (MPP '89) - managing director, Goldman Sachs, former U.S. Deputy National Security Advisor
- Hill Harper (MPA '92) - Actor
- Ashley Judd (MPA '10) - Actress
- Thor Steingraber (MPA '09) - Opera Director
- Damian Woetzel (MPA '07) - Former Principal Dancer, New York City Ballet
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