John F. MacArthur

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Pastor
John F. MacArthur
John F. MacArthur Jr..JPG
Born John Fullerton MacArthur, Jr.
(1939-06-19) June 19, 1939 (age 75)
Los Angeles, California, US
Residence Sun Valley, Los Angeles
California, US
Nationality American
Occupation Minister, Writer, Broadcaster
Known for Clergymen, Relative of Douglas MacArthur
Religion Evangelical Christian (Baptist)
Spouse(s) Patricia MacArthur
Children 4

John Fullerton MacArthur, Jr. (born June 19, 1939) is an American pastor and author known for his internationally syndicated radio program Grace to You. He has served as the pastor-teacher of Grace Community Church in Los Angeles, California since February 9, 1969[1] and also currently serves as the president of The Master's College in Newhall, California and The Master's Seminary in Los Angeles, California.

Theologically, MacArthur is considered a Calvinist, and a strong proponent of expository preaching.[2] He has been acknowledged by Christianity Today as one of the most influential preachers of his time,[3] and was a frequent guest on Larry King Live as a representative of an evangelical Christian perspective.[4]

MacArthur has authored or edited more than 150 books, most notably the MacArthur Study Bible, which has sold more than 1 million copies and received a Gold Medallion Book Award.[5] Other best-selling books include his MacArthur New Testament Commentary Series (more than 1 million copies), Twelve Ordinary Men, (more than 500,000 copies),[6] and the children's book A Faith to Grow On, which garnered an ECPA Christian Book Award.[7]

Biography[edit]

The son of Jack MacArthur and fifth cousin of U.S. General Douglas MacArthur,[8] John MacArthur attended Bob Jones University before transferring to Los Angeles Pacific College (now Azusa Pacific University). He later obtained his Masters of Divinity from Biola University's Talbot Theological Seminary, in La Mirada, California. He graduated with honors. From 1964 to 1966, he served as an associate pastor at Calvary Bible Church, in Burbank, California and, from 1966 to 1969, as a faculty representative for Talbot Theological Seminary. Then, in 1969, he became the third pastor in the then-short history of the nondenominational Grace Community Church of Sun Valley, California.[9]

His daily radio program, Grace to You, which is now broadcast throughout much of the world, began as an audio recording ministry to provide cassettes of his sermons to listeners. They were first broadcast in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1977.[10]

In 1985, MacArthur became the president of The Master's College (formerly Los Angeles Baptist College), an accredited, four-year, liberal arts Christian college;[11] and, in 1986, he founded The Master's Seminary. MacArthur also received an honorary doctorate from Talbot Theological Seminary[12] and an honorary doctorate from Grace Graduate School.[13]

Nearly 43 years after beginning in the pulpit of Grace Community, MacArthur completed one his own life goals[1] of preaching through the entire New Testament on June 5, 2011,[14] at the end of his projected target window, stated the previous January, to finish "some time in the summer."[1] During the same interview, MacArthur projected he would complete his commentary series within another five years, some 35 years after beginning.

MacArthur is married to Patricia and they have four children and fifteen grandchildren.

Theological views[edit]

Creationism[edit]

MacArthur advocates young-earth creationism in his book, The Battle For the Beginning (2001), and in his sermons.[15] Speaking about evolutionism, he writes that Christians "ought to expose such lies for what they are and oppose them vigorously."

Dispensationalism[edit]

MacArthur describes himself as a "leaky dispensationalist."[16] While he holds to a premillennial and pre-tribulational rapture of the church and fulfillment of all the covenant promises made to the Jews at the end of the tribulation, he rejects some of the classic dispensational ideas, such as the Law having no application to the church.

Soteriology[edit]

MacArthur was a key person in the Lordship salvation controversy in the 1980s, arguing against Free Grace theology. He states, "you must receive Jesus Christ for who He is, both Lord and Savior, to be truly saved (II Peter 2:20)."[17] Regarding eternal security, he states, "It should never be presented merely as a matter of being once saved, always saved--with no regard for what you believe or do. The writer of Hebrews 12:14 states frankly that only those who continue living holy lives will enter the Lord's presence." MacArthur's views raised controversy within American Evangelicalism and were challenged in print by non-lordship dispensationalist theologians, Charles Ryrie and Zane C. Hodges, who argued that MacArthur was teaching a form of works-based salvation. MacArthur has denied their conclusion due to the disagreement over the nature of Christ's Lordship in relationship to Salvation.

In December 1989, the Bible Broadcasting Network terminated MacArthur's "Grace to You" program. In explaining that step, BBN president Lowell Davey referred to MacArthur's teachings on the blood of Christ, "Lordship Salvation," and, "Hyper-Calvinism." Davey called these teachings "confusing." In a letter dated January 15, 1990, Davey cited a, "....drift by Dr. MacArthur to a theological position that we could not adhere to," and said that MacArthur's sermon series on the theology of election "....convinced us that the direction of 'Grace to You' was toward Hyper-Calvinism...." MacArthur preaches "Salvation" by election of God's sovereignty.[18] However, the term "Hyper-Calvinism" is used by some to denote 5-point Calvinism or even any strong defense of Calvinism, rather than the historical "Hyper-Calvinism" position that only the "Elect" may be offered the Gospel (compare with the historical teaching of all Protestant denominations, including MacArthur, of the free offer of the gospel). This position does not seem to accurately reflect MacArthur's position in his sermons. The controversy concerning the efficacy of the Christ's blood stems from MacArthur's statement that it is not the literal liquid blood of Christ that saves, but his sacrificial death on The Cross, a view that he espoused in an article titled, "Not His Bleeding, but His Dying," published in the May 1976 issue of the Grace to You family paper that is distributed to his church. MacArthur himself, though, later clarified what was stated of him in the article, noting his position concerning Christ's blood and death in atonement, mentioning that the efficacy of Christ's blood is not some particular physical property of the blood itself, but the fact that He shed blood in dying, and his affirmation that Christ's blood in death was necessary to satisfy God's holy requirement for atonement.[19]

Christology[edit]

In 1983, MacArthur first published his belief in the doctrine of "incarnational sonship." In 1989, after some criticism, he defended his views in a plenary session of the annual convention of the Independent Fundamental Churches of America. Subsequently, MacArthur has written that he has reversed this position and no longer regards Christ's sonship as a role he assumed in his incarnation.[20][original research?]

Spiritual gifts[edit]

MacArthur is a cessationist. He calls modern "visions, revelations, voices from heaven, messages from the spirit world, dreams, speaking in tongues, trips to heaven, anointings, miracles" "all lies, all false, all deception."[21] MacArthur believes that the Apostolic gifts ended at the end of the Apostolic Age, around 100 A.D.

Tithing[edit]

In his book: "Whose Money Is It, Anyway?" MacArthur summarizes Chapter 7: Tithing or Voluntary Giving? with "in spite of many believers' understanding to the contrary, our giving should derive voluntarily from the heart, not from a fixed, mandatory percentage."[22]

Psychology[edit]

He is also an advocate of Nouthetic Counseling, which stresses the Bible as a sufficient tool for counseling people with mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety. MacArthur does not reject all forms of psychological theories and techniques, though he considers some psychology and psychiatry as contrary to the Bible.[23]

MacArthur has argued that "True psychology (i.e. "the study of the soul") can be done only by Christians, since only Christians have the resources for understanding and transforming the soul. The secular discipline of psychology is based on godless assumptions and evolutionary foundations and is capable of dealing with people only superficially and only on the temporal level... Psychology is no more a science than the atheistic evolutionary theory upon which it is based. Like theistic evolution, Christian psychology is an attempt to harmonize two inherently contradictory systems of thought. Modern psychology and the Bible cannot be blended without serious compromise to or utter abandonment of the principle of Scripture's sufficiency.... "[24]

His stance has caused several controversies, the most notable of which was the first time an employee of an evangelical church had ever been sued for malpractice. The case failed to come to trial because a judge ruled the case as having insufficient evidence.[25][26][27][28]

Other Christian movements and other religions[edit]

His writings are critical of other modern Christian movements and ministers such as those who run "seeker-friendly" church services such as Robert Schuller, Bill Hybels, and Rick Warren.[29]

He has criticized popular mega-church pastor Joel Osteen, whom he has spoken of as a quasi-pantheist.[30] He has also been critical of Billy Graham, whom he claims has taught an unbiblical view of salvation: a type of Catholic Universalism where people outside of Christianity can go to heaven.[31][original research?]

In May 2002, in the midst of significant media and public attention focused on Catholic sex abuse cases, MacArthur gave a message highly critical of the entire system of the Roman Catholic priesthood.[32] MacArthur has referred to Catholicism in as the "Kingdom of Satan,"[33] and holds to the confession that the pope is anti-christ,[34] but which he said "applies to anyone who positions himself against or in place of Christ."[35]

In a newer Sermon Pastor MacArthur unequivocally states that a person who truly believes what Roman Catholicism teaches is not saved.[36][original research?] In addition he stated that the "theology of Islam is false."[37][original research?]

Pastor John MacArthur is one of the most critical in the Christian community against the Charismatic Movement and Pentecostalism in general. He has made a list of Gifts of the Spirit, mostly from 1 Cor. 12-14, but holds that "once the New Testament was finished, those sign gifts ceased to have a function."[38]

In further evaluation, MacArthur charged that "the Charismatic Movement has stolen the Holy Spirit and created a golden calf and they’re dancing around the golden calf as if it were the Holy Spirit." He broadly stated that within the Charismatic Movement, claimed manifestations of the Spirit such as "visions, revelations, voices from heaven...speaking in tongues, prophecies.. anointings, miracles," are "all false, all lies, all deceptions attributed falsely to the Holy Spirit." [39] The books, The Charismatics, Charismatic Chaos and Strange Fire: The Danger of Offending the Holy Spirit with Counterfeit Worship, are three books against the Charismatic & Pentecostal Movements. The latter was presented at his "Strange Fire Conference", October 2013.

In a subsequent teaching, "What has happened after the 'Strange Fire' Conference" (2013), MacArthur allowed that within the Charismatic movement there were those who believed in the authority of Scripture, honored the Lord, and pursued Godly living, and that the movement retained enough gospel truth so that souls could be saved within it. However, he saw its interdenominational presence as being "a testimony to the absence of any theology." He further criticized the modern Charismatic movement, stating that in 1967 "a bunch of Jesus freak people.. go to Calvary Chapel...and for the first time...that I know of in history, the church lets the very defined subculture dictate what it will be," citing "the hippie culture, communal living...kids coming out of drugs and free sex, and all that" as displacing "all the normal and formal things," and typifying the charismatic church, with the movement becoming Calvary Chapel.[40] In the past (1991) however, MacArthur commended Chuck Smith (1927 – 2013), founder of the Calvary Chapel movement, for writing "a straight forward critique of charismatic extremism," and stated that "there are many like him who have taken their stand and I thank God for their courage and their desire to be Biblical."[41]

Selected publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Theology and Ministry: An Interview with John MacArthur". Gty.org. 2011-01-16. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  2. ^ MacArthur, John. "Why Every Calvinist Should Be a Premillennialist". 
  3. ^ "The Top 25 Most Influential Preachers". Christianity Today. 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-25. [dead link]
  4. ^ ""God's Warriors": Fighters For Faith". CNN. Retrieved 2010-05-06. "John MacArthur, a frequent guest, with us" 
  5. ^ "1998 Gold Medallion Book Awards Winners". Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  6. ^ "Gold / Platinum / Diamond Book Awards - Past Award Recipients". Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  7. ^ "2005 Christian Book Awards Winners – Elementary Children category". 
  8. ^ "When should a Christian fight for his country? - John MacArthur". Biblebb.com. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  9. ^ "John F. MacArthur - The Master's Seminary". 
  10. ^ "What's the history of Grace to You?". Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  11. ^ Dart, John (1985-04-09). "MacArthur Appointed Baptist College Gets New President, Name". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  12. ^ Diploma
  13. ^ Diploma
  14. ^ "A Historic Moment". Gty.org. 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  15. ^ John MacArthur (2001), The Battle For The Beginning, Nelson 
  16. ^ MacArthur, John. "What is dispensationalism? And what is your position, from Scripture, on the subject?". 
  17. ^ MacArthur, John. The Gospel According to Jesus. ISBN 0-310-39491-0. 
  18. ^ MacArthur, John. "Chosen from Eternity: Chosen by God--Part 1". 
  19. ^ "What's All the Controversy About John MacArthur and the Blood of Christ?". 
  20. ^ MacArthur, John. "Reexamining the Eternal Sonship of Christ". Grace to You. 
  21. ^ "The Modern Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit". 
  22. ^ MacArthur, John. Whose Money Is It, Anyway?. p. 180. ISBN 0-8499-5554-8. 
  23. ^ Ganz and MacArthur (1993), PsychoBabble: The Failure of Modern Psychology--and the Biblical Alternative, Crossway 
  24. ^ John F MacArthur (1991), "THE PSYCHOLOGY EPIDEMIC AND ITS CURE", The Master's Seminary Journal 2:1: 3–20 
  25. ^ Hammar, Richard R. , J.D., LL.M., CPA. "Clergy Malpractice". Church Law & Tax Report. 
  26. ^ "The Clergy as Counselors". Los Angeles Times. 2005-05-22. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  27. ^ Reinhold, Robert (1988-11-24). "Justices Dismiss Suit over Clergy". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  28. ^ Carrington,Eddie. "Psychology – The Study of the Mind or the Study of the Soul". Hack Thyself. 
  29. ^ "Our Sufficiency for Outreach". Christianity Today. 1991-10-01. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  30. ^ The Bible and Joel Osteen - Produced by Truth Ministries & Ben Ditzel | url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gL_BDnQqcsI
  31. ^ Rev.John MacArthur on Billy Graham Catholicism|url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JVdlzrnC3a0
  32. ^ "John F. MacArthur - The Scandal of the Catholic Priesthood". 
  33. ^ MacArthur, John. "A Timely Critique of the Catholic Church". Grace to You. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  34. ^ "Antichrist-John MacArthur". 
  35. ^ MacArthur, John. "Blog RSS The Pope and the Spirit of Antichrist". Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  36. ^ "Are Catholics Saved? John MacArthur". 
  37. ^ "Kanaal van JohnMacArthurGTY". YouTube. 2008-08-28. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  38. ^ MacArthu, John. "The Temporary Sign Gifts, Part 3". Grace to You. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  39. ^ MacArthur, John. "The Modern Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit". Grace to You. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  40. ^ "John MacArthur "What has happened after the 'Strange Fire' Conference"". YouTube. 2013-08-28. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  41. ^ MacArthur, John. "Does God Promise Health and Wealth? Part 2". Retrieved 28 December 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Jones, Karen (Nov–Dec 2009). "John MacArthur: Unleashing God's Truth—One Verse at a Time". Bible Study Magazine 2 (1): 10–14. 
  • John MacArthur: Servant of the Word and Flock, Iain H. Murray

External links[edit]