John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Westmorland
KG PC
Earl of Westmorland colourised RST.jpg
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
1789–1794
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Marquess of Buckingham
Succeeded by The Earl FitzWilliam
Lord Privy Seal
In office
1798–1806
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
Preceded by The Earl of Chatham
Succeeded by The Viscount Sidmouth
In office
1807–1827
Monarch George III
George IV
Prime Minister The Duke of Portland
Hon. Spencer Perceval
The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Lord Holland
Succeeded by The Duke of Portland
Personal details
Born 1 June 1759 (1759-06)
Died 15 December 1841 (1841-12-16)
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) (1) Sarah Child
(1764–1793)
(2) Jane Saunders
(d. 1857)

John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland KG, PC (1 June 1759 – 15 December 1841), styled Lord Burghersh between 1771 and 1774, was a British Tory politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, who served in most of the cabinets of the period, primarily as Lord Privy Seal.

Background[edit]

Westmorland was the son of John Fane, 9th Earl of Westmorland, and Augusta, daughter of Lord Montague Bertie. He succeeded in the earldom on the death of his father in 1774.[1]

Political career[edit]

In 1789 Westmorland was appointed Joint Postmaster General by William Pitt the Younger[1] and sworn of the Privy Council.[2] Already the same year he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland by Pitt, a post he held until 1794. From 1795 to 1798 he was Master of the Horse under Pitt. The latter year Pitt made him Lord Privy Seal, a position he would hold under five prime Ministers (Pitt, Addington, Pitt again, Portland, Perceval and Liverpool) for the next 35 years, except between 1806 and 1807 when Lord Grenville was in office.[1]

Westmorland was also Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire between 1828 and 1841.[1] He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1793.[3]

Family[edit]

Lord Westmorland married Sarah Anne Child (28 August 1764 – 9 November 1793), the only daughter and heiress of wealthy banker, Robert Child, against her father's wishes, at Gretna Green on 20 May 1782.[1] Child consequently cut his daughter and her sons and their descendants out of his will, and made his daughter's daughters his heirs to prevent the Fanes from benefitting from this elopement. Their eldest daughter, Lady Sarah Sophia Fane (1785–1867), made testamentary heiress of her maternal grandfather, married George Child-Villiers, 5th Earl of Jersey; her husband assumed the additional surname of Child.[citation needed]

They had one son and four daughters:

The Countess of Westmorland died relatively young in 1793, aged only 29, from undisclosed causes. Lord Westmorland married secondly Jane, daughter of Richard Huck-Saunders, in 1800.[1] After some years of marriage, they later separated and she lived at Brympton d'Evercy.[citation needed] By his second wife, he had three sons and two daughters, of whom only the eldest child Lady Georgiana Fane outlived both parents.

  • Lady (Cicely Jane) Georgina Fane (25 January 1801 – 1875), died unmarried.
  • Hon. Charles Saunders John Fane (1802–1810)
  • Hon. Col. Henry Sutton Fane (1804–1857), died unmarried.
  • Hon. Montagu Augustus Villiers Fane (1805–1857), died unmarried.
  • Lady Evelina Fane (1807–1808)

Lord Westmorland died in December 1841, aged 82, and was succeeded in the earldom by his only son from his first marriage, John. The Countess of Westmorland died in March 1857.[1]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Carteret
The Lord Walsingham
Postmaster General
1789
With: The Lord Walsingham
Succeeded by
The Lord Walsingham
The Earl of Chesterfield
Preceded by
The Marquess of Buckingham
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1789–1794
Succeeded by
The Earl FitzWilliam
Preceded by
The Duke of Montrose
Master of the Horse
1795–1798
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chesterfield
Preceded by
The Earl of Chatham
Lord Privy Seal
1798–1806
Succeeded by
The Viscount Sidmouth
Preceded by
The Lord Holland
Lord Privy Seal
1807–1827
Succeeded by
The Duke of Portland
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Marquess of Northampton
Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire
1828–1841
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Exeter
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Fane
Earl of Westmorland
1774–1841
Succeeded by
John Fane