|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2008)|
April 8, 1909|
|Died||May 8, 1983
Los Angeles, California
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer, screenwriter|
|Literary movement||Dirty realism|
John Fante (April 8, 1909 – May 8, 1983) was an American novelist, short story writer and screenwriter of Italian descent. He is perhaps best known for his work Ask the Dust, a semi-autobiograpical novel about life in and around Los Angeles, California, which was the third in a series of four novels, published between 1938 and 1985, that are now collectively called "The Bandini Quartet". That book was made into a movie by the same name in 2006. He also wrote several other books, stories and screenplays, including the 1957 film Full of Life, based on his 1952 novel by that name. Other noted screenplays Fante co-wrote include the 1962 films Walk on the Wild Side and The Reluctant Saint and 1968's made-for-television movie Something for a Lonely Man.
Fante was born in Denver, Colorado, in 1909, to his father, Nicola Fante, and his mother, Mary Capolungo. He attended various Catholic schools in Boulder, Colorado, before briefly enrolling at the University of Colorado. He dropped out of college in 1929 and moved to Southern California to focus on his writing. He wrote about writing and the people and places where he lived and worked, which included Wilmington, Long Beach, Manhattan Beach, the Bunker Hill district of downtown Los Angeles, California, as well as various homes in Hollywood, Echo Park and Malibu. Diabetes cost him his eyesight and led to the amputation of both legs. He died in 1983.
After many unsuccessful attempts at publishing stories in the highly regarded literary magazine The American Mercury, his short story "Altar Boy" was accepted conditionally by the magazine's editor, H. L. Mencken; its acceptance was accompanied by a letter from Mencken that read: "Dear Mr. Fante, What do you have against a typewriter? If you transcribe this manuscript in type I'll be glad to buy it. Sincerely yours, H. L. Mencken."
By far, his most popular novel is the semi-autobiographical Ask the Dust, the third book in what is now referred to as "The Saga of Arturo Bandini" or "The Bandini Quartet". Bandini served as his alter ego in a total of four novels: Wait Until Spring, Bandini (1938), The Road to Los Angeles (chronologically, this is the first novel Fante wrote but it was unpublished until 1985), Ask the Dust (1939) and finally Dreams from Bunker Hill (1982), which was dictated to his wife, Joyce, towards the end of his life. Fante's use of Bandini as his alter ego can be compared to Charles Bukowski's character, Henry Chinaski. Bukowski was heavily influenced by John Fante (see below).
Other novels include Full of Life (1952), The Brotherhood of the Grape (1977), and 1933 Was a Bad Year (1985; incomplete). Two novellas, My Dog Stupid and The Orgy, were published in 1986 under the title West of Rome. His short story collection, Dago Red, was originally published in 1940, and then republished with a few additional stories in 1985 under the title The Wine of Youth.
Recurring themes in Fante's work are poverty, Catholicism, family life, Italian-American identity, sports and the writing life. Ask the Dust has been referred to over the years as a monumental Southern California/Los Angeles novel by a host of reputable sources (e.g.: Carey McWilliams, Charles Bukowski and The Los Angeles Times Book Review). More than sixty years after it was published, Ask the Dust appeared for several weeks on the New York Times' Best Sellers List. Fante's clear voice, vivid characters, shoot-from-the-hip style, and painful, emotional honesty blended with humor and scrupulous self-criticism lends his books to wide appreciation. Most of his novels and stories take place either in Colorado or California. Many of his novels and short stories also feature or focus on fictional incarnations of Fante's father, Nick Fante, as a cantankerous wine tippling, cigar stub-smoking bricklayer.
Fante's screenwriting credits include the comedy-drama Full of Life (1957), based on his novel of the same name, which starred Judy Holliday and Richard Conte, and was nominated for Best Written American Comedy at the 1957 WGA Awards. He also co-wrote Walk on the Wild Side (1962), which stars Jane Fonda in her first credited film role, based on the novel by Nelson Algren. His other screenplay credits include Dinky, Jeanne Eagels, My Man and I, The Reluctant Saint, Something for a Lonely Man and Six Loves. As Fante himself often admitted, most of what he wrote for the screen was simply hackwork intended to bring in a paycheck,.
In the late 1970s, at the suggestion of novelist and poet Charles Bukowski, Black Sparrow Press began to republish the (then out-of-print) works of Fante, creating a resurgence in his popularity. When Black Sparrow was reconfigured on its founder's retirement in 2002, publication of John Fante's works was taken over by HarperCollins under the Ecco imprint, but not before Black Sparrow Press could publish the last of Fante's uncollected stories in The Big Hunger (2000). Full of Life: The Biography of John Fante was published by Stephen Cooper also in 2000, followed by The Fante Reader in 2003. Also available are two collections of letters, Fante/Mencken: A Personal Correspondence (1989) and Selected Letters (1991).
Legacy and recognition
He is known to be one of the first writers to portray the tough times faced by many writers in L.A.. Robert Towne has called Ask the Dust the greatest novel ever written about Los Angeles.
His work and style has influenced similar authors such as Charles Bukowski, who stated in his introduction to Ask the Dust "Fante was my god". He was proclaimed by Time Out as one of America's "criminally neglected writers."
On October 13, 2009, Los Angeles City Council member Jan Perry put forward a motion, seconded by Jose Huizar, that the intersection of Fifth Street and Grand Avenue be designated John Fante Square. The site is outside the Los Angeles Central Library frequented by the young Fante, and where Charles Bukowski discovered Ask The Dust. On April 8, 2010, the author's 101st birthday, the Fante Square sign was unveiled in a noon ceremony attended by Fante's family, fans and city officials. Fante Square is located near the old Bunker Hill neighborhood he wrote about, and where he also lived.
Film and theater adaptations
Dominique Deruddere directed the movie version of Wait Until Spring, Bandini, which was released in 1989. In March 2006, Paramount Pictures released Ask the Dust, directed by Robert Towne and starring Colin Farrell, Salma Hayek and Donald Sutherland. In December 2006, a 2001 documentary film about Fante, entitled A Sad Flower in the Sand (directed by Jan Louter), aired on the PBS series Independent Lens.
On January 18, 2001, the play 1933 by Randal Myler and Brockman Seawell, based on the novel 1933 Was a Bad Year, premiered at the Denver Center for the Performing Arts.
- The Road to Los Angeles (1933, publ.1985)
- Wait Until Spring, Bandini (1938)
- Ask the Dust (1939)
- Dago Red (1940), short story collection
- Full of Life (1952)
- Brave Burro (book, with Rudolph Borchert) (1970)
- The Brotherhood of the Grape (1977)
- Dreams from Bunker Hill (1982)
- The Wine of Youth: Selected Stories (posthumously, 1985), Dago Red and short story collection
- 1933 Was a Bad Year (post., 1985; incomplete)
- West of Rome (post., 1986), two novellas
- Fante/Mencken: John Fante & H. L. Mencken: A Personal Correspondence, 1932–1950 (post., 1989), letters
- John Fante: Selected Letters, 1932–1981 (post., 1991), letters
- The Big Hunger: Stories, 1932–1959 (post., 2000), short story collection
- "Official John Fante website". Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- WGA Awards (Screen), 1957 at the Internet Movie Database
- Gardaphe, Fred L. (2001), "John Fante (1909-1983)", in Gelfant, Blanche H., The Columbia Companion to the Twentieth-Century American Short Story, New York: Columbia University Press
- Fante, J 1980, Ask The Dust, Black Sparrow Press, Santa Barbara. Introduction by Charles Bukowski.
- http://www.penusa.org/docs/Master%20List%20of%20PEN%20USA%20Awardees.pdf PEN USA Awardees and Honorary Award Winners 1978-2005
- "Naming of John Fante Square". Los Angeles Visionaries Association. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (July 2012)|
- Who Was John Fante? at Salon.com
- John Fante at the Internet Movie Database
- English website on John Fante
- John Fante: Father of L.A. Lit at The Palisadian Post
- Italian-English website about Fante's family
- 2007 photographs of the ruined apartment house where Fante wrote "Ask the Dust"
- A SAD FLOWER IN THE SAND site for Independent Lens on PBS
- 1940 John Fante story about Bunker Hill, from the Los Angeles Times
- Works by or about John Fante in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Short radio script from Ask the Dust at the California Legacy Project.
- http://www.archive.org/details/JohnFanteSquareCeremony video