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John R. Fischetti (September 27, 1916 – November 18, 1980) was an editorial cartoonist for the New York Herald-Tribune and the Chicago Daily News. He received a Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning in 1969 and numerous awards from the National Cartoonists Society.
Born in Brooklyn, New York, where his Italian father was a barber. As a teenager during the Great Depression, Fischetti worked various jobs, including one at a hotel where Rollin Kirby, one of his influences, lived. At 19, Fischetti began studying commercial art at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, where he continued his education for three years (1937–1940). John fought in World War Two, and he worked for the US Army magazine 'Stars and Stripes'.
While pursuing freelance work, Fischetti began his career as an editorial cartoonist at the Chicago Sun in 1941. Some of his freelance work appeared in such publications as Esquire, The Saturday Evening Post and Collier's.
Fischetti served from 1942-1945 as a radio operator and Army sergeant during World War II. In 1945 he joined the staff of Stars & Stripes as a war-time artist with Dick Wingert and other war-time cartoonists. From 1951 to 1962 he was a syndicated cartoonist for the Newspaper Enterprise Association. He then joined the New York Herald Tribune, departing in 1967 when that paper folded. In 1967 he moved back to Chicago and joined the Chicago Daily News, which ceased publication in 1978. He joined Bill Mauldin at the Chicago Sun-Times two years before he died of a heart attack in 1980.
He published a compilation of his cartoons Zinga Zinga Za in 1973.
Fischetti, like many of his colleagues, favored heavy use of crayon, pencil or ink brush in a vertical format at the beginning of his post-war career. By the 1960s, as his style matured, he began using a horizontal pen-and-ink style that betrayed his roots in animation, Fischetti satirized politics, fads and social issues.
In 1969, he won the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning in honor of the body of his work. He also received the National Cartoonists Society's Editorial Cartoon Award in 1962, 1963, 1964, and 1965.
John Fischetti Award
The Fischetti Editorial Cartoon Competition Award, usually referred to as the John Fischetti Award, is given annually to a staff, syndicated or regularly published professional cartoonist for cartoons on current social and political subjects (including sports and entertainment) published in a daily or weekly newspaper or regularly published periodical (including Internet publications) in the United States. They are administered by the Journalism Department of Columbia College Chicago.
- John Fischetti Cartoons Syracuse University, 15 Oct 2009, Retrieved 9/16/2010
- "Biographical Sketches of Persons Selected for the Pulitzer Prizes for 1969", New York Times, May 6, 1969, p. 34
- "Cartoonist Was a Champion of Underdogs, Pulitzer Winner Sought to 'Dream Impossible Dreams for Mankind,' Los Angeles Times, Nov. 24, 1980, p. B27.
- The Pulitzer Prizes 2010, Retrieved 9/16/2010
- National Cartoonists Society, 2007, Retrieved 9/16/2010
- Fischetti Editorial Cartoon Competition Award website
- Official site
- NCS Awards
- John Fischetti Manuscript Collection at Columbia College Chicago (primary source material)
- John Fischetti Cartoons 1962-1967 at Syracuse University (primary source material)
- John Fischetti Papers at the Newberry Library