John Fortescue of Salden

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This article is about the 16th-century English statesman. For other uses, see John Fortescue (disambiguation).

Sir John Fortescue (ca. 1531 or 1533 – 23 December 1607) of Salden Manor, near Mursley, Buckinghamshire, was the seventh Chancellor of the Exchequer of England, serving from 1589 until 1603.

He was the son of Adrian Fortescue and his wife Anne. Fortescue had six children with his first wife, and a seventh with his second wife after the death of his first wife. Many of his children followed his path in politics, holding positions in Parliament.[1] His father Adrian Fortescue was martyred and has been beatified.

He led a largely undistinguished career in Parliament prior to his accession to the chancellorship, serving in several districts (including for Wallingford), and he continued to serve in Parliament after losing that title. Fortescue also held the position of Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1601 to his death. Fortescue served under Queen Elizabeth I and was knighted in 1592. When King James I came to the throne in 1603, Fortescue advocated restrictions on his power, in part in order to limit the appointment of Scottish people. These reforms were not implemented, and as a result, James dismissed him from his position as Chancellor of the Exchequer. He retained, however, his position in Parliament and as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, as well as the keeper of the wardrobe.[2]

Fortescue was buried in Mursley Church in Buckinghamshire, England, where a monument has been erected in his honour.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sir John Fortescue of Salden by Jorge H. Castelli, accessed July 16, 2006
  2. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article on John Fortescue from JRank, accessed July 16, 2006
Political offices
Preceded by
Walter Mildmay
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1589–1603
Succeeded by
George Home
Preceded by
Arthur Grey
Custos Rotulorum of Buckinghamshire
1594–1600
Succeeded by
Francis Fortescue
Preceded by
Robert Cecil
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1601–1607
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Parry
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Francis Goodwin
John Borlase
Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
with Thomas Tasburgh 1588–1589
Sir Robert Dormer 1593
Francis Goodwin1597–1598

1588–1598
Succeeded by
Francis Fortescue
Alexander Hampden
Preceded by
Sir Robert Wroth
Sir John Peyton
Member of Parliament for Middlesex
with Sir Robert Wroth

1601
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Wroth
Sir W. Fleetwood