John Francis Davis
John Francis Davis
1st Baronet KCB
|2nd Governor of Hong Kong|
8 May 1844 – 21 March 1848
|Preceded by||Sir Henry Pottinger|
|Succeeded by||Sir George Bonham|
|Born||John Francis Davis
16 July 1795
London, England, Great Britain
|Died||13 November 1890
|Relations||Samuel Davis (father), William Thomas Mercer (uncle)|
|Alma mater||Oxford University|
Sir John Francis Davis, 1st Baronet KCB (Chinese Translated Name: 戴維斯 or the obsolete term 爹核士) (16 July 1795 – 13 November 1890) was a British Diplomat, Sinologist, and the 2nd Governor of Hong Kong. He was the son of Samuel Davis and nephew to William Thomas Mercer (later Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong).
On the return of the mission, Davis again took up his duties in the factory at Canton, and was promoted to be president in 1832. He was appointed the joint commissioner in China with Lord Napier in 1834.
Governor of Hong Kong
In 1844, Davis became British plenipotentiary and chief superintendent of British trade in China, as well as governor and commander-in-chief of the colony of Hong Kong, an office that he held until 1848. He was appointed governor of Hong Kong on 8 May 1844 only for his home to be robbed on 16 July 1844. During his tenure, Davis was much hated by Hong Kong residents and British merchants due to the imposition of various taxes, which increased the burden of all citizens, and his abrasive treatment of his subordinates. However, weekend racing began during his tenure, which gradually evolved into a Hong Kong institution. Davis also organized the first Hong Kong Census, and it indicated that at that time, there were 23,988 people living in Hong Kong.
Davis resigned his commission and left Hong Kong on 21 March 1848, after his disagreements with local British merchants escalated.
He died on 13 November 1890 at the age of 95.
Mount Davis, as well as Mount Davis Path, Mount Davis Road, and Davis Street in Hong Kong were all named after him. The Davis Street extends from the praya, New Praya, Kennedy Town, across Catchick Street, Hau Wo Street and Belcher's Street, to Forbes Street. Coordinates:
Features of Davis Street
- No. 1 Davis Street: Grand Fortune Mansion
- No. 2 Davis Street: Davis Street Garden
- No. 8 Davis Street: The Merton
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Davis Street, Hong Kong.|
Awards and honours
- Baronet, 1845
- Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, 1854
- Doctor of Civil Law, Oxford University, 1876
- John Francis Davis. Chinese Novels, translated from the Originals, etc. (London: John Murray 1822).
- Sir John Francis Davis (1824). A vocabulary, containing Chinese words and phrases peculiar to Canton and Macao, and to the trade of those places: together with the titles and addresses of all the officers of Government, Hong merchants, &c. &c. alphabetically arranged, and intended as an aid to correspondence and conversation .... printed at the Honorable Company's Press, by P.P. Thoms. p. 77. Retrieved 2011-07-06.
- John Francis Davis, The Chinese: A General Description of the Empire of China and Its Inhabitants (London: Charles Knight, 1836). volume one; volume two
- John Francis Davis, 'Sketches of China; partly during an inland journey of four months between Peking, Nanking, and Canton; with notices and observations relative to the present war.' Charles Knight & Co., Ludgate Street. London. 1841. In 2 volumes.
- China, during the war and since the peace
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
Francis Boileau Davis
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