John Gamble Kirkwood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"John Kirkwood" redirects here. For the American soldier and Medal of Honor recipient, see John A. Kirkwood.

John "Jack" Gamble Kirkwood (May 30, 1907, Gotebo, Oklahoma — August 9, 1959, New Haven, Connecticut) was a noted chemist and physicist, holding faculty positions at Cornell University, the University of Chicago, California Institute of Technology, and Yale University.

Early life and background[edit]

Kirkwood was born in Gotebo, Oklahoma, the oldest child of John Millard and Lillian Gamble Kirkwood. His father was educated as an attorney and worked as a distributor for the Goodyear Corporation. In addition to Jack Kirkwood, there were two younger sisters: Caroline and Margaret.

In 1909, the family moved to Wichita, Kansas.

John Gamble Kirkwood's grave

Education[edit]

Showing remarkable talent in mathematics and physics, Kirkwood was persuaded by A. A. Noyes to enroll at Caltech before finishing his high school education. He attended Caltech for two years before transferring to the University of Chicago, where he was awarded his Bachelor of Science in 1926.

Academic career[edit]

Kirkwood received an S.B. in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1926, and a Ph.D. in Chemistry from MIT in 1929, where he worked with Frederick Keyes. He spent two years in Europe, where he worked with Peter Debye and visited Arnold Sommerfeld.

He returned to MIT for the period 1932-1934 as a Research Associate in Physical Chemistry. There, with Frederick Keyes, he mentored Herbert H. Uhlig, who subsequently became a noted physical chemist, specializing in the study of corrosion. Kirkwood won the 1936 Langmuir Award in recognition of his status as the best young chemist in the United States.[1]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Produces a fiber a third thinner than natural silk", The New York Times. April 14, 1936. Page 1.

References[edit]