John Garamendi

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John Garamendi
John Garamendi 113th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 3rd district
10th (2009–2013)
Incumbent
Assumed office
November 3, 2009
Preceded by Ellen Tauscher
46th Lieutenant Governor of California
In office
January 8, 2007 – November 3, 2009
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger
Preceded by Cruz Bustamante
Succeeded by Mona Pasquil (Acting)
1st and 5th Insurance Commissioner of California
In office
January 6, 2003 – January 8, 2007
Governor Gray Davis
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Preceded by Harry Low
Succeeded by Steve Poizner
In office
January 7, 1991 – January 2, 1995
Governor Pete Wilson
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Chuck Quackenbush
United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
In office
August 15, 1995 – April 1998
President Bill Clinton
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by David Hayes
Member of the California Senate
from the 5th district
In office
December 3, 1984 – December 3, 1990
Preceded by Milton Marks
Succeeded by Patrick Johnston
Member of the California Senate
from the 13th district
In office
December 2, 1976 – December 3, 1984
Preceded by Al Alquist
Succeeded by Al Alquist
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 7th district
In office
December 7, 1974 – December 2, 1976
Preceded by William Bagley
Succeeded by Norman Waters
Personal details
Born John Raymond Garamendi
(1945-01-24) January 24, 1945 (age 70)
Camp Blanding, Florida, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Patricia Garamendi
Children 6
Alma mater UC Berkeley
Harvard Business School
Religion Christianity

John Raymond Garamendi (born January 24, 1945) is an American rancher, businessman, politician and member of the Democratic Party who has represented areas of Northern California between San Francisco and Sacramento, including the city of Fairfield, in the United States House of Representatives since November 2009. Garamendi was previously the California Insurance Commissioner from 1991 to 1995 and 2003 to 2007, the U.S. Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 1995 to 1998 and the 46th Lieutenant Governor of California from 2007 until his election to Congress.[1]

Garamendi was born in Camp Blanding, Florida and raised in Mokelumne Hill, California. He earned a B.A. in business from the University of California, Berkeley and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School, then served in the Peace Corps in Ethiopia from 1966 to 1968. He was elected to the California State Assembly in 1974, serving a single term before being elected to the California State Senate in 1976, where he served for four terms until 1990. During this time he had a spell as Majority Leader and ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nominations for Governor of California in 1982 and for California State Controller in 1986.

In 1990, he was elected to be the first California Insurance Commissioner, serving from 1991 to 1995. Rather than seek re-election, he ran for Governor in the 1994 election, losing in the Democratic primary. He left public office and served as President Bill Clinton's Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 1995 to 1998, then worked for the Peace Corps again. He was elected Insurance Commissioner again in 2002 and briefly ran for Governor again in the 2003 recall, before dropping out to support Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante.[2] In 2006, he was elected Lieutenant Governor to succeed the term-limited Bustamante.

Garamendi had planned to run for Governor for a fourth time in 2010[3] but after Democratic U.S. Representative Ellen Tauscher of California's 10th congressional district resigned to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security,[4] Garamendi won a November 2009 special election to succeed her.[5] He was re-elected in 2010 and, after redistricting, for the California's 3rd congressional district in 2012 and 2014.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Garamendi was raised in Mokelumne Hill, California, the son of Mary Jane (née McSorley) and Raymond V. Garamendi. His paternal grandparents were Basque immigrants from Spain and his mother was of half Irish and half Italian ancestry.[7][8] Garamendi received a B.A. in business from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was both a football player and wrestler, and a Master of Business Administration degree from Harvard Business School.[9] He served in the Peace Corps in Ethiopia from 1966 to 1968.[10] Garamendi is an Eagle Scout. Garamendi is also a member of Sigma Chi, as a brother of the Alpha Beta Chapter at Berkeley.[11]

California legislature (1977–1991)[edit]

State Assembly[edit]

In 1974, Garamendi decided to run for California's 7th State Assembly district. Six-term Republican incumbent William T. Bagley did not run for re-election, instead running for California State Controller and losing in the general election to Democratic State Assemblyman Kenneth Cory. In the election to succeed Bagley, Garamendi faced Republican State Assemblyman Douglas F. Carter. Carter had won a special election in the 12th Assembly district in July 1973 to succeed Repyblican Robert T. Monagan, who had resigned to become United States Assistant Secretary of Transportation. In the general election, Garamendi defeated Carter in a landslide, by 60,380 votes (64.08%) to 33,842 (35.92%) as the Democrats won a supermajority in the California State Assembly for the first time since the 1800s.[12][13]

State Senate[edit]

In 1976, he decided to retire after one term to run in California's 13th State Senate district. He defeated Republican Bob Whitten 53%-47%.[14] He won re-election in 1980 (60%),[15] 1984 (69%),[16] and 1988 (69%).[17]

While in the California Senate, he served as Majority Leader. His sponsored legislation reformed health care, welfare, and the state tax code. He also protected Lake Tahoe and Mono Lake.[18] He was Chairman of the Joint Committee on Science and Technology, the Senate Health and Welfare Committee, the Senate Revenue and Taxation Committee.[19]

1982 gubernatorial election[edit]

He ran for Governor of California for the first time in 1982. In the Democratic primary, Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley defeated him 61%-25%.[20]

1986 Controller election[edit]

In the 1986 Democratic primary for California State Controller, Garamendi lost to Assemblyman Gray Davis, 50%-38%.[21]

Insurance Commissioner (1991–1995)[edit]

Garamendi as California Insurance Commissioner

1990 election[edit]

He ran for California Insurance Commissioner for the first time in 1990. He won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 36% of the vote. His closest challenger was radio talk show host Bill Press, who got 28% of the vote.[22] In the general election, he defeated Republican Wes Bannister 52%-38%.[23]

Tenure[edit]

His early years in the office brought him much controversy due to the state seizure of Executive Life Insurance Company, a bankruptcy that was coincidental with the creation of the state Department of Insurance. In addition to this had a number of other accomplishments. He successfully implemented Proposition 103, reforming the auto and homeowner insurance industry. Under his leadership, the department protected homeowners from the Oakland Hills Fire by forcing insurance companies to fully pay for rebuilding. His department earned a reputation as the best consumer protection agency in the nation.[18]

1994 gubernatorial election[edit]

Garamendi ran for California Governor a second time in 1994. In the Democratic primary, State Treasurer Kathleen Brown defeated him 48%-33%.[24][25]

1995–2003[edit]

After his tenure as Insurance Commissioner, President Bill Clinton appointed Garamendi to serve as Deputy Secretary of the Interior, the second-highest post in the U.S. Department of the Interior. He resigned in 1998 and led groups of Peace Corps volunteers that helped negotiate peace in the Eritrean–Ethiopian War and Congo Civil War from 1998 to 2000.[26] He then spent time in the private sector.

Insurance Commissioner (2003–2007)[edit]

2002 election[edit]

He ran for California Insurance Commissioner for a second time in 2002. He won the Democratic primary with 39% of the vote.[27] In the general election, he defeated Republican Gary Mendoza 46%-42%.[28]

Tenure[edit]

He created a Home Owners Bill of Rights. This helped create laws that reduced workers compensation costs 58% and reduced premiums by over $500 million. He re-established an anti-fraud task force. He also developed a report analyzing California’s health care system with 43 recommended improvements.[18]

2003 gubernatorial election[edit]

On August 7, 2003 Garamendi announced his candidacy for Governor a third time in the gubernatorial recall election, but dropped out two days later to endorse Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante.

Lieutenant Governor (2007–2009)[edit]

2006 election[edit]

On July 16, 2004, Garamendi announced his candidacy to run for Lieutenant Governor of California, the first and only time he would run for this position. Incumbent Cruz Bustamante was term-limited and decided to run to replace Garamendi as Insurance Commissioner. Garamendi's endorsers included former Vice President Al Gore, Sierra Club, the California Teachers Association, the California League of Conservation Voters, the Peace Officers Research Association of California, the California Professional Firefighters Association, former U.S. Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, and former U.S. Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt. Garamendi won the Democratic primary by defeating state senators Jackie Speier and Liz Figueroa 43%-40%-18%.[29] In the general election, he defeated Republican State Senator Tom McClintock 49%-45%.[30]

Tenure[edit]

As Lieutenant Governor of California Garamendi was the de jure President of the State Senate, regent of the University California, Trustee of the California State University System, member of the California State Lands Commission, Chairman of the California Commission for Economic Development, and acting Governor.[31]

U.S. House of Representatives (2009–Present)[edit]

Elections[edit]

2009

Despite living outside of California's 10th congressional district, Garamendi announced his intention to run for the 2009 special election in the 10th district, where Democratic U.S. Congresswoman Ellen Tauscher had vacated her seat. There was some confusion about the location of Garamendi's residence. Garamendi said: "My front yard is in the district, our bedroom is not."[32] Garamendi continued to fuel speculation about the location of his residence when he made similar comments to the NYT in July, stating the same thing. The Sacramento Board of Elections later confirmed that no portion of Garamendi’s property lies within Congressional District 10.

In the September election, no candidate reached the 50% threshold to avoid a run-off election. Garamendi ranked first among Democrats with 26% of the vote, defeating State Senator Mark DeSaulnier (18%) and Assemblymember Joan Buchanan (12%). In the November run-off special election, Garamendi defeated Republican nominee David Harmer 53%-43%.[33][34] After winning the special election on November 3, Garamendi was sworn in as a member of the US House of Representatives on November 5, 2009.[35]

2010

Garamendi won re-election to his first full term defeating Republican nominee Gary Clift 59%-38%.[36]

2012

After redistricting, Garamendi filed papers in March 2012 to run in the newly redrawn California's 3rd congressional district.[37][38]

The old 10th Congressional District represented by Garamendi made up just 23% of the new 3rd district. While the old 10th Congressional District traditionally favored Democrats, the new 3rd District is now considered swing district by some.[39] Garamendi defeated Republican Kim Vann 54.2%-45.8%. [40]

2014

Garamendi was re-elected.

Tenure[edit]

During the 111th Congress, Garamendi voted with his party 98% of the time.[41]

While Democrats had the majority in the U.S. House of Representatives from 2009 to 2010, Garamendi voted for most of Speaker Nancy Pelosi's agenda. Some key votes include his support of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act,[42] Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act,[43] and the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.[44]

Garamendi has voted with the Democratic party 93% of the time. Garamendi also voted against the balanced budget amendment.[45]

Defense

John Garmendi actively opposed a GOP-backed construction of a missile defense site on the East Coast, saying it was fiscally irresponsible to be "spending up to $5 billion in the next three years on a missile defense system that doesn't work."[46]

Garamendi is also part of a bipartisan group that wants to challenge "a new law that allows the indefinite detention without trial of suspected terrorists."[47] He also voted against extending the Patriot Act.[48]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Public Offices
Office Type Location Elected Term began Term ended
State Assemblyman Legislature Sacramento 1974 December 7, 1974 December 2, 1976
State Senator Legislature Sacramento 1976 December 2, 1976 December 8, 1980
State Senator Legislature Sacramento 1980 December 8, 1980 December 3, 1984
State Senator Legislature Sacramento 1984 December 3, 1984 December 5, 1988
State Senator Legislature Sacramento 1988 December 5, 1988 December 3, 1990
Insurance Commissioner Executive Sacramento 1990 January 7, 1991 January 2, 1995
Insurance Commissioner Executive Sacramento 2002 January 6, 2003 January 8, 2007
Lieutenant Governor Executive Sacramento 2006 January 8, 2007 November 3, 2009
U.S. Representative Legislative Washington, D.C. 2009 November 3, 2009 January 3, 2011
U.S. Representative Legislative Washington, D.C. 2010 January 3, 2011 Present
California State Legislature service
Chamber Majority Governor Committees District
1975–1976 Assembly Democratic Jerry Brown 7
1977–1978 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1979–1980 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1981–1982 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1983–1984 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1985–1986 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1987–1988 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1989–1990 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
California Insurance Commissioner general election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Garamendi 3,770,717 52.2
Republican Wes Bannister 2,736,577 37.9
Libertarian Ted Brown 431,317 6.0
Peace and Freedom Tom Condit 281,276 3.9
Total votes 7,220,508
Majority 1,034,140 14.3
Turnout
Democratic win (new seat)
California Insurance Commissioner general election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Garamendi 3,346,937 46.5
Republican Gary Mendoza 2,998,243 41.6
Green David Ishmael Sheidlower 277,667 3.9
Libertarian Dale F. Ogden 236,688 3.3
Natural Law Raul Calderon 192,001 2.7
American Independent Steven A. Klein 148,893 2.1
Total votes 7,200,429
Majority 348,694 4.9
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing
California Lieutenant Governor primary election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Garamendi 1,045,097 42.5
Democratic Jackie Speier 975,530 39.7
Democratic Liz Figueroa 436,849 17.8
Total votes 2,457,476
Majority 69,567 2.8
Turnout
California Lieutenant Governor general election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Garamendi 4,189,584 49.1
Republican Tom McClintock 3,845,858 45.1
Green Donna J. Warren 239,107 2.8
Libertarian Lynnete Shaw 142,851 1.7
American Independent Jim King 68,446 0.8
Peace and Freedom Tom Condit 43,319 0.5
Total votes 8,529,165
Majority 343,726 4.0
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing
California's 10th congressional district special primary, 2009[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi 27,580 25.70
Republican David Harmer 22,582 21.05
Democratic Mark DeSaulnier 18,888 17.60
Democratic Joan Buchanan 12,896 12.02
Democratic Anthony Woods 9,388 8.75
Republican Chris Bunch 4,871 4.54
Republican Gary Clift 4,158 3.88
Republican John Toth 3,340 3.11
Republican David Peterson 1,671 1.56
Green Jeremy Cloward 552 0.51
Republican Mark Loos 418 0.39
Democratic Adriel Hampton 376 0.35
American Independent Jerome Denham 309 0.29
Peace and Freedom Mary McIlroy 272 0.25
Democratic Tiffany Attwood (write-in) 2 0.00
Total votes 107,303 100.00
Voter turnout 29.39%
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
California's 10th congressional district special election, 2009[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi 72,817 52.85
Republican David Harmer 59,017 42.83
Green Jeremy Cloward 2,515 1.83
Peace and Freedom Mary McIlroy 1,846 1.34
American Independent Jerome Denham 1,591 1.15
Total votes 137,786 100.00
Voter turnout 35.33%
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 137,578 58.9
Republican Gary Clift 88,512 37.8
Green Jeremy Cloward 7,716 3.3
Total votes 233,806 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 126,882 54.2
Republican Kim Vann 107,086 45.8
Total votes 233,968 100.0
Voter turnout  %
Democratic hold

Personal life[edit]

Garamendi is married to Patricia W. "Patti" Garamendi, who has worked as Agriculture Specialist for the California Exposition and State Fair and as Deputy Secretary of California's Business, Transportation and Housing Agency. In 1993, she was appointed by President Clinton to serve as Associate Director of the Peace Corps and in 1998 as Deputy Administrator in the Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service. They live in Walnut Grove and have six children and nine grandchildren.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Congressional District 10 Special General Election Results". Secretary of State of California. 2009-11-03. Retrieved 2009-11-03. [dead link]
  2. ^ Garamendi bid press release
  3. ^ https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Pf3UpAu73iAC&pg=PA182&lpg=PA182&dq=john+garamendi+governor+2010&source=bl&ots=a6kn_cUuBX&sig=_qYzWTfh9eMEjPR3tYA3eTMzfbE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=pnXFVOuQMYeC7gbsoIGgBQ&ved=0CDcQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=john%20garamendi%20governor%202010&f=false
  4. ^ "Tauscher accepts State Department post - San Jose Mercury News". Mercurynews.com. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  5. ^ John Garamendi announces for Congress
  6. ^ http://www.nationaljournal.com/almanac/member/1775#biography
  7. ^ John Garamendi in an exclusive interview with EuskoSare: "There is a culture of education and advancement within the Basque community"
  8. ^ John Garamendi ancestry
  9. ^ "Biography". US House of Representatives. Retrieved January 8, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Notable former Peace Corps Volunteers in Government." About the Peace Corps.
  11. ^ List of Notable Sigma Chi's on fraternity's website
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - CA State Assembly 07 1974". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 25, 2015. 
  13. ^ "The Times Standard from Eureka, California · Page 18". The Times Standard. November 7, 1974. Retrieved January 25, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - CA Senate 13". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2013-04-15. 
  15. ^ Our Campaigns - CA State Senate 13 Race - Nov 04, 1980
  16. ^ Our Campaigns - CA State Senate 05 Race - Nov 06, 1984
  17. ^ Our Campaigns - CA State Senate 05 Race - Nov 08, 1988
  18. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  19. ^ Our Campaigns - Candidate - John Garamendi
  20. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 08, 1982
  21. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Controller - D Primary Race - Jun 03, 1986
  22. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Insurance Commissioner - D Primary Race - Jun 05, 1990
  23. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Insurance Commissioner Race - Nov 06, 1990
  24. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 07, 1994
  25. ^ "1994 Election Returns: Statewide Races." Office of the California Secretary of State (November 9, 1994).
  26. ^ "Biography, Representative John Garamendi". Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  27. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Insurance Commissioner - D Primary Race - Mar 05, 2002
  28. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Insurance Commissioner Race - Nov 05, 2002
  29. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Lieutenant Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 06, 2006
  30. ^ Our Campaigns - CA Lieutenant Governor Race - Nov 07, 2006
  31. ^ Meet John | Garamendi for Congress
  32. ^ Marinucci, Carla (23 April 2009). "Garamendi changes course for Tauscher's seat". SF Gate. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  33. ^ Our Campaigns - CA - District 10 - Special Election Runoff Race - Nov 03, 2009
  34. ^ California Secretary of State election results, Tenth CD, November 2009
  35. ^ "Garamendi Takes Oath In Congress", KCRA.com, November 5, 2009.
  36. ^ Our Campaigns - CA - District 10 Race - Nov 02, 2010
  37. ^ Solano County's Congressman John Garamendi files election papers - The Reporter
  38. ^ Garamendi is a candidate for new third congressional district
  39. ^ "California Redistricting: The Democrats' Proposal". Swing State Project. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  40. ^ United States House of Representatives elections in California, 2012 (this version)
  41. ^ "John Garamendi (D)". The U.S. Congress Votes Database. The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  42. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2010/roll165.xml
  43. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2010/roll413.xml
  44. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2010/roll638.xml
  45. ^ "Garamendi Votes Database". U.S. Congress Votes Database. The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  46. ^ Cassata, Donna (9 May 2012). "House panel OKs missile defense site on East Coast". Associated Press. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  47. ^ Cassata, Donna (16 May 2012). "Bipartisan House group wants end to indefinite detention, without trial, for terror suspects". Associated Press. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  48. ^ The Washington Post http://projects.washingtonpost.com/congress/112/house/1/votes/66/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  49. ^ "Official Canvass: United States Representative 10th Congressional District Special Primary Election, September 1, 2009" (PDF). Secretary of State of California. 2009-09-09. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  50. ^ a b 2010 general election results
  51. ^ "Official Canvass: United States Representative 10th Congressional District Special General Election, November 3, 2009" (PDF). Secretary of State of California. 2009-11-16. Retrieved 2009-11-16. 
  52. ^ 2012 general election results
  53. ^ "Representative John Garamendi (CA)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved November 21, 2010. 

External links[edit]

California Assembly
Preceded by
William Bagley
Member of the California Assembly
from the 7th district

1974–1976
Succeeded by
Norman Waters
California Senate
Preceded by
Al Alquist
Member of the California Senate
from the 13th district

1976–1984
Succeeded by
Al Alquist
Preceded by
Milton Marks
Member of the California Senate
from the 5th district

1984–1990
Succeeded by
Patrick Johnston
Political offices
New office Insurance Commissioner of California
1991–1995
Succeeded by
Chuck Quackenbush
United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
1995–1998
Succeeded by
David Hayes
Preceded by
Harry Low
Insurance Commissioner of California
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Steve Poizner
Preceded by
Cruz Bustamante
Lieutenant Governor of California
2007–2009
Succeeded by
Mona Pasquil
Acting
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ellen Tauscher
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 10th congressional district

2009–2013
Succeeded by
Jeff Denham
Preceded by
Dan Lungren
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 3rd congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Judy Chu
United States Representatives by seniority
222nd
Succeeded by
Ted Deutch