Johann Georg, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen

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Johann Georg, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Spouse(s) Franziska of Salm-Neufville
Noble family House of Hohenzollern
Father Eitel Friedrich IV, Count of Hohenzollern
Mother Sibylle of Zimmern
Born 1577
Hechingen
Died 28 September 1623(1623-09-28)
Hechingen

Johann Georg of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (born 1577 in Hechingen; died 28 September 1623 in Hechingen) was the first Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.

Life[edit]

Johann Georg was the only surviving son of Count Eitel Friedrich IV of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1545–1605) from his second marriage with Sibylle (1558–1599), daughter of Count Froben Christoph of Zimmern. Johann Georg was raised by his relatives in Berlin at the court of Brandenburg.[1]

Johann Georg was a Catholic and loyal to the Emperor's side. From 1603 to 1605, he was president of the Reichskammergericht and later he was president of the Aulic Council.[2] The latter post proved helpful when during a military confrontation with Georg Dietrich of Westerstetten, Johann Georg's army had inadvertently strayed into Württemberg territory.

He represented Austria at the Imperial Diet. Together with Johann Pistorius, the tried, in vain, to persuade margrave Georg Friedrich of Baden-Durlach to revert to Catholicism. In 1609, the emperor sent him as a special envoy to the French court. On his return, he met Archduke Albrecht VII in Brussels. He would correspond with the Archduke ever after.

Because of the low pay and several disputes with Melchior Klesl, he tried to resign three times in 1612 and 1613. The Emperor, however, did not accept his resignation. In 1614, he was again sent on a successful mission to France.

In 1620, Emperor Ferdinand II made Johann Georg a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece and in on 23 March 1623, he was made an Imperial Prince, together with 22 other imperial counts, including the counts of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Hohenzollern-Haigerloch. With this elevation, Ferdinand attempted to restore the balance between Catholic and Protestant princes.[3]

Johann Georg was described as a talented and scientifically formed.[4] In 1623, he added bastions to his hohenzollern Castle.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Johann Georg married on 11 October 1598 in Hechingen with Franziska (d. 1619), daughter of Wild- and Rhinegrave Friedrich I of Salm-Neufville. They had the following children:

  • Karl (1599–1599)
  • Sibyl (died 1621)
married in 1615 Ernst of Marck, Count of Schleiden (1590–1654)
  • Franziska Katharina (died 1665)
married in 1619 Count Jakob Hannibal II of Hohenems (1595–1646)
  • Eitel Friedrich V (1601–1661) :married in 1630 Countess Elisabeth of Berg-'s-Heerenberg, Marchioness and heiress of Bergen op Zoom (1613–1671)
  • Johann Friedrich (* / † 1602)
  • Anna Maria (1603–1652)
married Landgrave Egon VIII of Fürstenberg-Heiligenberg (1588–1635)
  • Georg Friedrich (died 1633), fell in battle
  • Marie Domina (died young)
  • Katharina Ursula (died 1640)
married in 1624 Margrave William von Baden-Baden (1593–1677)
  • Renate Marie (died 1637)
married in 1625 with Count Hugo of Königsegg-Rothenfels (1595–1666)
  • Maximiliane (died 1639)
married in 1630 with Johann Franz Trautson, count of Falkenstein (1609–1663)
  • Leopold Friedrich (died 1659), a canon at Cologne
  • Anna Maria (1614–1670)
married in 1630 Count Ernst of Isenburg-Grenzau (1584–1664)
married in 1662 with Margravine Marie Sidonie of Baden-Rodemachern (1635–1686)

References[edit]

  • Willi Eisele (1972), "Johann Georg", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot) 9: 501–501 
  • E. G. Johler: Geschichte, Land- und Ortskunde der souverainen teutschen Fürstenthümer Hohenzollern, Hechingen und Sigmaringen, 1824, p. 54 ff
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Mara R. Wade: Pomp, power, and politics: essays on German and Scandinavian court culture and their contexts, Rodopi, 2004, p. 64
  2. ^ Kaiserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse: Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, vol. 26-27, K. K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1858, p. 206
  3. ^ Das staats-lexikon: Encyklopädie der sämmtlichen Staatswissenschaften für alle Stände, vol. 8, F. A. Brockhaus, 1863, p. 296 (Online)
  4. ^ Heidelberger Jahrbücher der Literatur, vol. 41, Mohr und Winter, 1848, p. 126 (Online)
Johann Georg, Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
Born: 1577
Preceded by
Eitel Friedrich IV
Count of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
1605–1623
Succeeded by
Eitel Friedrich V