John George II, Elector of Saxony

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John George II
Johan Georg II Johann Fink, vor 1675.jpg
Portrait by Johann Finck, 1675.
Elector of Saxony
Reign 8 October 1656 – 22 August 1680
Predecessor John George I
Successor John George III
Spouse Magdalene Sybille of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Issue John George III, Elector of Saxony
House House of Wettin
Father John George I, Elector of Saxony
Mother Magdalene Sybille of Prussia
Born (1613-05-31)31 May 1613
Dresden
Died 22 August 1680(1680-08-22) (aged 67)
Tübingen
Burial Cathedral of Freiberg
Religion Lutheranism

John George (31 May 1613 – 22 August 1680) was the Elector of Saxony from 1656 to 1680. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin.

Biography[edit]

He was the third (fourth in order of birth)[citation needed] but eldest surviving son of the Elector John George I of Saxony[1] and Magdalene Sybille of Prussia, his second spouse.[citation needed] He succeeded his father as Elector of Saxony when John George I died on 8 October 1656.[2]

In 1657 John George made an arrangement with his three brothers with the object of preventing disputes over their separate territories, and in 1664 he entered into friendly relations with Louis XIV. He received money from the French king, but the existence of a strong anti-French party in Saxony induced him occasionally to respond to the overtures of the emperor Leopold I.[1]

John George II, picture from 1658.

The elector's primary interests were not in politics, but in music and art. He adorned Dresden, which under him became the musical centre of Germany; welcoming foreign musicians and others he gathered around him a large and splendid court, and his capital was the constant scene of musical and other festivals.[1] He commissioned the building of the first opera house, the Opernhaus am Taschenberg.

In 1658 John George was accepted into the Fruitbearing Society, through the patronage of Duke William of Saxe-Weimar.[citation needed]

His enormous expenditure on the arts compelled John George in 1661 to grant greater control over monetary matters to the estates, a step which laid the foundation of the later system of finance in Saxony. Also, his government was less effective in establishing absolutist rule and a standing army than were Bohemia or Prussia.[1]

John George's reign saw the slow economic reconstruction of Saxony after the Thirty Years' War. New trades and manufactures developed, such as textiles, hard coal and glass. Locally mined silver filled the Electorate's empty treasury, and the Leipzig Trade Fair and the Bohemian Exulanten of 1654 also stimulated economic activity.[citation needed]

John George died in Freiberg on 22 August 1680.[1]

Family[edit]

In Dresden on 13 November 1638 John George married Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. They had three children:[citation needed]

  1. Sibylle Marie (16 September 1642 – 27 February 1643)
  2. Erdmuthe Sophie (25 February 1644 – 22 June 1670), married on 29 October 1662 to Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
  3. John George III (20 June 1647 – 12 September 1691), his successor as Elector.

Ancestors[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 459.
  2. ^ See the Encyclopaedia Britannica article on John George I for his date of death—immediately before the article on John George II (Chisholm 1911, p. 459).

References[edit]

  • Mary E. Frandsen: Crossing Confessional Boundaries. The Patronage of Italian Sacred Music in 17th Century Dresden. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN 0-19-517831-9
Attribution
John George II, Elector of Saxony
Born: 31 May 1613 Died: 22 August 1680
Preceded by
John George I
Elector of Saxony
1656–1680
Succeeded by
John George III