Lord John Beresford

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Lord John George de la Poer Beresford PC (Ire) (22 November 1773 – 18 July 1862) was an Anglican archbishop and Primate.

Background[edit]

Born at Tyrone House, Dublin, he was the second surviving son of George de La Poer Beresford, 1st Marquess of Waterford and his wife Elizabeth, only daughter of Henry Monck and maternal granddaughter of Henry Bentinck, 1st Duke of Portland.[1] He attended Eton College and Christ Church College, Oxford, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1793 and a Master of Arts three years later.[1]

Career[edit]

Beresford was ordained a priest in 1797 and began his ecclesiastical career with incumbencies at Clonegal and Newtownlennan.[2] In 1799 he became Dean of Clogher; and was raised to the episcopate as Bishop of Cork and Ross in 1805. He was translated becoming Bishop of Raphoe two years later and was appointed 90th Bishop of Clogher in 1819.[1] Beresford was consecrated Archbishop of Dublin in the next year and was sworn of the Privy Council of Ireland.[1] In 1822, he went on to be the 106th Archbishop of Armagh and therefore also Primate of All Ireland in 1822.[1] Additionally Beresford became Prelate of the Order of St Patrick and Lord Almoner of Ireland.[1] Having been vice-chancellor from 1829, he was appointed the 15th Chancellor of the University of Dublin in 1851, a post he held until his death in 1862.[1]

Restoration of St Patrick's Cathedral[edit]

Beresford employed Lewis Nockalls Cottingham, one of the most skilled architects at that time to restore Armagh's St Patrick's Cathedral. Cottingham removed the old stunted spire and shored up the belfry stages while he re-built the piers and arches under it. The arcade walls which had fallen away as much as 21 inches from the perpendicular on the south side and 7 inches on the North side, were straightened by means of heated irons, and the clerestory windows which had long been concealed, were opened out, and filled with tracery.

Beresford is unsympathetically represented by Montalembert with whom during his Tour of Ireland he had breakfast at Gurteen de la Poer.

Beresford died during his tenure at Woburn, Bedfordshire and was buried in the cathedral.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 92. 
  2. ^ Arthur H. Grant, 'Beresford, Lord John George de la Poer (1773–1862)', rev. Kenneth Milne, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 13 July 2013
  3. ^  "Beresford, John George de la Poer". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 

External links[edit]

Church of Ireland titles
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Stopford
Bishop of Cork and Ross
1805–1807
Succeeded by
Hon. Thomas St Lawrence
Preceded by
James Hawkins
Bishop of Raphoe
1807–1819
Succeeded by
William Magee
Preceded by
John Porter
Bishop of Clogher
1819–1820
Succeeded by
Hon. Percy Jocelyn
Preceded by
Euseby Cleaver
Archbishop of Dublin
1820–1822
Succeeded by
William Magee
Preceded by
William Stuart
Archbishop of Armagh
1822–1862
Succeeded by
Marcus Gervais Beresford