John Gray (locomotive engineer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

John Gray was an early steam locomotive engineer who introduced several innovations in locomotive design during the 1830s and 1840s. John Gray's origins are unknown but he appears to have originated from Newcastle.[1]

Career[edit]

Innovations[edit]

In 1838 he was working for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway where he was the first engineer to use the balanced slide valve on locomotives, and later applied a form of expansion gear.[2] In 1840 he was appointed locomotive superintendent of the Hull and Selby Railway where he became the first locomotive engineer to use long-travel valve motion.

Locomotive superintendent[edit]

In 1845 he was appointed locomotive superintendent of the Croydon Dover and Brighton Joint Committee, which then operated the pooled locomotive fleets of the London and Croydon Railway, the South Eastern Railway and the London and Brighton Railway. On the dissolution of this committee and the formation of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway in 1846 Gray was appointed Locomotive Superintendent at Brighton works. However in 1847 he was dismissed from this post as a result of problems over the late delivery of locomotives from Timothy Hackworth.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marshall, John (1978). A Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers. Newton Abbot, England: David and Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7489-3. 
  2. ^ Marshall A Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers
  3. ^ Bradley, D.L. (1969). Locomotives of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway. Part 1. London, England: Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. p. 7. 
Business positions
Preceded by
Locomotive Superintendent of the
Hull and Selby Railway

1840–1845
Succeeded by
Company leased to the
York and North Midland Railway
Preceded by
Locomotive Superintendent of the
Croydon, Dover and Brighton Joint Committee

1845–1846
Succeeded by
Joint Committee dissolved
Preceded by
Locomotive Superintendent of the
London, Brighton and South Coast Railway

1846–1847
Succeeded by
Thomas Kirtley