John Greenwood (artist)

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Greenwood painted various prominent Rhode Island merchants in Sea Captains Carousing in Surinam from 1755

John Greenwood (1727–1792) was an early American portrait painter and engraver.

Greenwood was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1727. He apprenticed with Thomas Johnston, a sign painter and engraver from 1742 to 1745 where he copied various English works. Besides portraits, Greenwood painted many satirical works. He left Boston in 1752 and went first to the Dutch colony of Surinam and then to Paris and England. He settled for a time in Amsterdam to learn the art of making mezzotints. He was documented as a member of the Amsterdam Drawing Academy there in 1758 by Jacob Otten Husly.[1]

One of Greenwood's best known works is Sea Captains Carousing in Surinam (1755), a drunken scene featuring various prominent Rhode Island merchants, including Declaration of Independence signatory Stephen Hopkins, Governor Joseph Wanton, Admiral Esek Hopkins, and Governor Nicholas Cooke.

Greenwood died in London, England in 1792.

Artworks[edit]

Year Title Image Collection Comments
1751 Portrait of Richard Waldron, oil on wood view Historic New England, Boston, Massachusetts Subject: Richard Waldron (1694-1753); prominent merchant in Portsmouth, New Hampshire; Secretary of colonial New Hampshire; son of Colonel Richard Waldron (1650-1730); husband of Elizabeth Westbrook (1701-1758; m. 1718).
1751 Portrait of Mrs. Richard Waldron, oil on wood view Historic New England, Boston, Massachusetts Subject: Elizabeth Westbrook (1701-1758); daughter of Colonel Thomas Westbrook (1675-c. 1744) and Mary Sherburne; wife of Richard Waldron (1694-1753; prominent merchant in Portsmouth, New Hampshire; m. 1718). [At times, this painting has erroneously been attributed to Joseph Blackburn. IAP 80970121 and IAP 81840242
1750 Portrait of Thomas Westbrook Waldron (c. 1750), oil on wood view Historic New England, Boston, Massachusetts Subject: Captain Thomas Westbrook Waldron (1721-1785); prominent merchant in Dover, New Hampshire; husband of Constance Davis; father of eight children (William, Richard, Charles, Daniel, and daughters Elizabeth, Eleanor, and Abigail). [At times, this painting has erroneously been attributed to Joseph Blackburn. IAP 80970122 and 81840243
Portrait of Mrs. Mary Fitch Cabot, oil on canvas view Historic New England, Boston, Massachusetts Subject: Mary Fitch (1724-1756); wife of Francis Cabot; mother of Susanna (1754-1777; wife of Judge John Lowell, 1743-1802).
Portrait of an unknown man, oil on canvas view Historic New England, Boston, Massachusetts

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biography of John Greenwood in Roeland van Eynden and Adriaan van der Willigen's Geschiedenis der Vaderlandsche Schilderkunst, 1840, Vol. II, p. 202 (reprint 1979)

External links[edit]