John Hay, 2nd Marquess of Tweeddale

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The Marquess of Tweeddale
John Hay, 2nd Marquess of Tweeddale.jpg
Portrait by Gerard Soest.
Lord Chancellor of Scotland
In office
1704–1705
Monarch Queen Anne
Preceded by The Earl of Seafield
Succeeded by The Earl of Seafield
Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland
In office
1704–1704
Monarch Queen Anne
Preceded by The Duke of Queensberry
Succeeded by The Duke of Argyll
Personal details
Born 1645
Died 20 April, 1713 (aged 68)
Political party Squadrone Volante
Spouse(s) Lady Mary Maitland
Children Charles, John
Military service
Allegiance  Kingdom of Scotland
Years of service 1668-1689
Rank Colonel

John Hay, 2nd Marquess of Tweeddale (1645 – 20 April 1713) was a Scottish nobleman.

Hay was the eldest son of John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale and his wife, Jean, daughter of Walter Scott, 1st Earl of Buccleuch. In 1666, at Highgate in London, he married Lady Mary Maitland, daughter of John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale (1616–82). However, Lauderdale set himself against Hay, who was forced to leave for the continent and did not regain his position until Lauderdale's death in 1682.

He was Colonel of the Militia Regiment of Foot in Co Haddington (1668–1674) and Linlithgow and Peebles (1682). He was Burgess of Edinburgh (1668), Commissioner for the Borders (1672–1684), Commissioner of Supply for Haddington (1678, 1685, 1690, 1704), Peebles (1678, 1685), Edinburgh (1690, 1704), Fife (1695, 1704), Berwick (1704); Colonel of the East Lothian Regiment (1685), Captain of the Militia Horse for Haddington and Berwick (1689), Privy Councillor (Scotland) (1689), Sheriff of Haddington (1694–1713) and Commissioner of the Admiralty (Scotland) (1695).[1]

He was also Lord Treasurer in 1695. He succeeded his father in the marquessate in 1697.

He was appointed Lord High Commissioner to the Scots Parliament in 1704, and was Lord Chancellor of Scotland from 1704–05. He led the Squadrone Volante, but ultimately supported the Union. He was appointed one of 18 Scottish representative peers in 1707.

His eldest son, Charles (c. 1670–1715), succeeded him as 3rd Marquess. A younger son, Lord John Hay (d. 1706), commanded the famous regiment of dragoons, afterwards called the Scots Greys, at the Battle of Ramillies and elsewhere.

He had been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1666 but was expelled in 1685.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 12 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 12 November 2010. 

Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]

Political offices
Preceded by
?
Treasurer of Scotland
1695–?
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
The Duke of Queensberry
Lord High Commissioner to the Scottish Parliament
1704
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll
Preceded by
The Earl of Seafield
Lord Chancellor of Scotland
1704–1705
Succeeded by
The Earl of Seafield
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale
Marquess of Tweeddale
1697–1713
Succeeded by
Charles Hay, 3rd Marquess of Tweeddale