John Henry Taylor
|— Golfer —|
|Full name||John Henry Taylor|
19 March 1871|
Northam, Devon, England
|Died||10 February 1963
Northam, Devon, England
|Best results in major championships
|U.S. Open||2nd: 1900|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1894, 1895, 1900, 1909, 1913|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1975 (member page)|
John Henry "J.H." Taylor (19 March 1871 – 10 February 1963) was an English professional golfer and one of the pioneers of the modern game of golf. He was also a significant golf course architect.
Taylor was born in Devon. He was a member of the fabled Great Triumvirate of the sport in his day, along with Harry Vardon and James Braid, and he won The Open Championship five times. Born into a working-class family, and orphaned as a boy, he began work as a caddy and labourer at the Royal North Devon Golf Club (also known as Westward Ho!) at the age of eleven. He was employed as a caddie and houseboy by the Hutchinson family and was tasked to carry the bag of Horace Hutchinson. He became a professional golfer at 19, and was employed by the Royal Mid-Surrey Golf Club from 1899 until his retirement in 1946.
In 1901, Taylor was a co-founder and the first chairman of the British Professional Golfers' Association. This was the first association for professional golfers in the world. Bernard Darwin wrote that Taylor "had turned a feckless company into a self-respecting and respected body of men".
Taylor was a factor in the Open Championship from age 22 in 1893, until age 55, when he tied for 11th place in 1926. His five Open victories all took place before the First World War.
Open Championship wins:
- 1894 – Royal St George's
- 1895 – St Andrews
- 1900 – St Andrews
- 1909 – Royal Cinque Ports
- 1913 – Royal Liverpool GC, Hoylake
Taylor captained the 1933 Great Britain Ryder Cup team to a win over the United States, and remains the only captain on either side never to have played in any of the matches.
Taylor was also involved in designing courses across England including Hindhead GC in 1904, Andover GC in 1907, Frilford Heath's Red Course in 1908, Hainault Golf Club's Upper Course in 1909, Heaton Park GC (Manchester) in 1912, Hainault Golf Club's Lower Course in 1923, Pinner Hill GC (Middlesex) 1927, Axe Cliff GC (Seaton, Devon) in 1920s and Batchwood Hall GC (St Albans) in 1935. He is attributed with being the inventor of the 'dogleg', although holes of that form had existed on many courses before Taylor began golf course design (for example #7 at Old Course at St Andrews and #4 at Prestwick Golf Club). He was made an honorary member of the R&A in 1949, and was president of Royal Birkdale, whose course he had designed, in 1957.
this list may be incomplete
- 1891 Challenge Match Play (Eng)
- 1894 The Open Championship
- 1895 The Open Championship
- 1900 The Open Championship
- 1901 Tooting Bec Cup
- 1904 News of the World Match Play
- 1908 French Open, News of the World Match Play
- 1909 The Open Championship, French Open
- 1912 German Open
- 1913 The Open Championship
- 1921 Roehampton Invitation
- 1929 Dutch Open
Major championships are shown in bold.
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1894||The Open Championship||3 shot lead||84-80-81-81=326||5 strokes||Douglas Rolland|
|1895||The Open Championship (2)||3 shot deficit||86-78-80-78=322||4 strokes||Sandy Herd|
|1900||The Open Championship (3)||6 shot lead||79-77-78-75=309||8 strokes||Harry Vardon|
|1909||The Open Championship (4)||4 shot lead||74-73-74-74=295||6 strokes||Tom Ball, James Braid|
|1913||The Open Championship (5)||3 shot lead||73-75-77-79=304||8 strokes||Ted Ray|
|The Open Championship||T10||1||1||2||T10||4||4|
|The Open Championship||1||3||T6||T9||T2||T2||2||2||T7||1|
|The Open Championship||T14||T5||T11||1||2||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
|The Open Championship||12||T26||6||T44||5||T6||T11||49||DNP||CUT|
NYF = Tournament not yet founded
NT = No tournament
CUT = missed the half-way cut
DNP = Did not play
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10.
- List of men's major championships winning golfers
- List of golfers with most wins in one PGA Tour event
- John Henry Taylor Profile at GolfEurope.com
- The History of the Game of Golf The Great Triumvirate
- John Henry Taylor Profile at Golf Legends
- Society of Hickory Golfers Archives SoHG Archives