John Herbert (Secretary of State)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sir John Herbert (1550 – 9 July 1617) was a Welsh lawyer, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1586 and 1611. He was Secretary of State under Elizabeth I and James I.

Life[edit]

Herbert was the son of Matthew Herbert of Swansea[1] and was descended from an illegitimate son of William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.[2] Herbert may have been educated at Christ Church, Oxford, although this is questioned.[3] He was admitted an honorary member of the College of Doctors of Law in November 1573 and awarded MA.[1] He was a commissioner of the High Court of Admiralty from 1575 to 1584 (with David Lewis) and Master of Requests from 1586 to 1601 (with William Aubrey from 1590).[2] Queen Elizabeth appointed him secretary to the Council of the North and Keeper of Signet.[1]

In 1586, Herbert was elected Member of Parliament for Grampound.[4] He was awarded the degree of Doctor of Civil Law by the University of Oxford in 1587. In 1588, he was elected MP for Gatton. He was elected MP for Christchurch in 1593 and MP for Bodmin in 1597.[4] In April 1600, he was appointed second Secretary of State and a member of the Privy Council. In 1601 he was elected MP for Glamorgan and for Wallingford and chose to sit for Glamorgan. He was knighted in 1602. In 1604 he was elected MP for Monmouthshire and sat until 1611.[4] He was appointed High Sheriff of Glamorgan for 1605[1] and in 1607 appointed Chancellor of the Order of the Garter for life.

Herbert was a talented linguist (not just speaking English and Welsh) and so was used to interrogate foreign prisoners and on trade and political missions to Denmark, Poland, Brandenburg, the Netherlands and France. He continued in office under James I, although James preferred to use unofficial secretaries such as Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke. When Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury died in 1612, Herbert hoped to succeed him as principal secretary of state, but James I left the office vacant until 1614. He was thereafter Secretary of State in name only.[5]

Herbert was of Neath Abbey. He died in Cardiff aged 67 on 9 July 1617, having fought a duel with Sir Lewis Tresham two months earlier.[5]

Herbert married Margaret Morgan, daughter of William Morgan of Cefn Coch.[1]

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Glamorgan
1601
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Henry Morgan
Thomas Somerset
Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire
1604-1611
With: Thomas Somerset
Succeeded by
Walter Montagu
William Jones
Political offices
Preceded by
The 2nd Earl of Pembroke
Custos Rotulorum of Glamorgan
1601–1603
Succeeded by
The 3rd Earl of Pembroke