John Hobart, 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire

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For other people named John Hobart, see John Hobart (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
The Earl of Buckinghamshire
PC
2ndEarlOfBuckinghamshireColour.jpg
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
7 December 1776 – 19 November 1780
Preceded by The Earl Harcourt
Succeeded by The Earl of Carlisle

John Hobart, 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire (17 August 1723 – 3 August 1793) was an English nobleman and politician.

Biography[edit]

The son of John Hobart, 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire by his first wife Judith Britiffe, he was educated at Westminster School and Christ's College, Cambridge.[1] He was Member of Parliament for Norwich from 1747–56, having also been elected for St Ives in 1747 but opting to sit for Norwich. He held office as Comptroller of the Household in 1755-56 and as a Lord of the Bedchamber from 1756–67, having succeeded his father as Earl in 1756.[2] He was Ambassador from the United Kingdom to Russia from 1762-5 and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1776–80, when his Chief Secretary was Sir Richard Heron, Bt. In the latter role he had to concede free trade and, more importantly, the enactment of the Papists Act 1778 which partially repealed the Penal laws and provided measures for the relief of Roman Catholics and Dissenters.

Family[edit]

Mausoleum of the 2nd Earl in Blickling Park, Norfolk

He married firstly Mary Anne Drury, daughter of Sir Thomas Drury, 1st Baronet, and secondly Caroline, daughter of William James Conolly, but died without surviving male issue and was succeeded by his half-brother.

He had three daughters by his first wife :

and one daughter by his second wife:

He was laid to rest in the family mausoleum at Blickling Hall, the family seat in Norfolk. The bodies of his two wives are also in the mausoleum, which is an unusual grade II* listed pyramidal structure designed by architect Joseph Bonomi the Elder, based on the Roman tomb of Cestius Gallus.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hobart, John (HBRT739J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ James Kelly, ‘Hobart, John, second earl of Buckinghamshire (1723–1793)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 19 Feb 2014.
  3. ^ "Name: THE MAUSOLEUM List entry Number: 1051437". English Heritage. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  • Concise Dictionary of National Biography
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Vere
Horatio Walpole
Member of Parliament for Norwich
1747–1756
With: Horatio Walpole 1747-1756
Edward Bacon 1756
Succeeded by
Harbord Harbord
Political offices
Preceded by
Earl of Hillsborough
Comptroller of the Household
1756
Succeeded by
Lord Edgcumbe
Preceded by
Earl Harcourt
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1776-80
Succeeded by
Earl of Carlisle
Court offices
Preceded by
New government
Lord of the Bedchamber
1760–1767
Succeeded by
The Duke of Roxburghe
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Robert Murray Keith
Ambassador from the United Kingdom to Russia
1762–1764
Succeeded by
Earl Macartney
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Hobart
Earl of Buckinghamshire
1756–1793
Succeeded by
George Hobart