John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield

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John Baker Holroyd, 1st Baron Sheffield (1781), 1st Baron Sheffield (1783), 1st Baron Sheffield (1802), 1st Viscount Pevensey (1816) and 1st Earl of Sheffield (1816).

John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield (21 December 1735 – 30 May 1821)[1] was an English politician who came from a Yorkshire family, a branch of which had settled in the Kingdom of Ireland.

Biography[edit]

His grandfather was Isaac Holroyd (1643–1706), a merchant who emigrated to Ireland after the Restoration. His father Isaac (1708–78) lived at Dunamore in County Meath.[2]

He inherited considerable wealth, and in 1769 bought Sheffield Place in Sussex from Lord De La Warr. Having served in the Army, he entered the House of Commons in 1780, and in that year was prominent against the anti-Catholic Lord George Gordon and the Gordon rioters.

In 1781 he was created a Peer of Ireland as Baron Sheffield, of Dunamore in the County of Meath, and in 1783 was further created Baron Sheffield, of Roscommon in the County of Roscommon, with a special remainder in favour of his daughters. In 1802 he was created a Peer of the United Kingdom as Baron Sheffield, of Sheffield in the County of York. In 1816, he was created Viscount Pevensey and Earl of Sheffield in the Peerage of Ireland. He was a great authority on farming, and in 1803, he was appointed President of the Board of Agriculture. But he is remembered chiefly as the close friend and literary executor of Edward Gibbon (author of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), whose Memoirs and other miscellaneous works he subsequently edited and published.

He married Abigail Way, daughter of Lewis Way of Richmond, Surrey and they had two children. Abigail died in 1793 and he remarried to Lady Anne North (1782?-18 January 1832), the daughter of the former Prime Minister Lord North on 20 January 1798. His son and grandson succeeded as second and third Earls of Sheffield, the latter being a well-known patron of cricket, at whose death the earldom became extinct.

His daughter Maria Josepha married John Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley of Alderley in 1796, and therefore the Irish barony, under special remainder, later passed to Edward Stanley, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley, who thus became also fourth Baron Sheffield.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cannon, John (2004–2013). "Holroyd, John Baker". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "p. 24201". The Peerage. [unreliable source]

References[edit]

Attribution
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Walter Waring
Edward Roe Yeo
Member of Parliament for Coventry
1780
With: Edward Roe Yeo
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Hallifax
Thomas Rogers
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Hallifax
Thomas Rogers
Member of Parliament for Coventry
1781–1784
With: Edward Roe Yeo 1781–1783
William Seymour-Conway 1783–1784
Succeeded by
John Eardley Wilmot
Preceded by
Matthew Brickdale
Henry Cruger
Member of Parliament for Bristol
1790–1801
With: the Marquess of Worcester 1790–1796
Charles Bragge 1796–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Bristol
1801–1802
With: Charles Bragge
Succeeded by
Charles Bragge
Evan Baillie
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl of Sheffield
1816–1821
Succeeded by
George Holroyd