John Hope, 4th Earl of Hopetoun

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The Earl of Hopetoun
John Hope the 4th Earl of Hopetoun statue, Edinburgh.jpg
Statue near St Andrew Square in Edinburgh
Born 17 August 1765
Abercorn, West Lothian
Died 27 August 1823
Paris, France
Buried at Abercorn, West Lothian
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Ireland
Battles/wars

French Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Wars

Awards

Knight of the Order of the Bath

Captain-General of the Royal Company of Archers

Lieutenant General John Hope, 4th Earl of Hopetoun PC KB (17 August 1765 – 27 August 1823), known as the Honourable John Hope from 1781 to 1814 and as the Lord Niddry from 1814 to 1816, was a Scottish politician and British Army officer.

Military career[edit]

Hopetoun was the only son of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun, by his second wife Jane Oliphant.[1] His mother died when he was one-year-old.[1] He was commissioned into the 10th Light Dragoons in 1784.[1] He sat as Member of Parliament for Linlithgowshire from 1790 to 1800.[1]

He took part in the capture of the French West Indies and Spanish West Indies in 1796 and 1797.[1] In 1799 he was sent to Den Helder as Deputy Adjutant-General and was present at the Battle of Bergen and the Battle of Castricum.[1] In 1801 he was sent to Cairo and then to Alexandria to take the surrender of the French garrisons there.[1]

He commanded a Division during the advance into Spain and commanded the British left at the Battle of Corunna in 1809, succeeding to overall command when Sir John Moore was killed.[1] Later that year he commanded the reserve army during the Walcheren Campaign.[1] He was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Ireland and was admitted to the Irish Privy Council in 1812.[1] He then commanded the First Division under The Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Nivelle and at the Battle of the Nive in 1813.[1]

He served as Lord-Lieutenant of Linlithgowshire from 1816 to 1823. On 17 May 1814, two years before he succeeded in the earldom, he was raised to the peerage in his own right as Baron Niddry, of Niddry Castle in the County of Linlithgow, with remainder to the male issue of his father. In 1816 he succeeded his elder half-brother as fourth Earl of Hopetoun.

Family[edit]

Lord Hopetoun married firstly Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Hope-Weir, in 1798. After her death he married secondly Louisa Dorothea Wedderburn. He died in August 1823, aged 58, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son from his second marriage, John. Lady Hopetoun died in 1836.

Monuments[edit]

Following Lord Hopetoun's death, the Hopetoun Monument was erected on Byres Hill, East Lothian, in 1824.[2] This was followed in 1826 by a similar monument on Mount Hill in Fife.[3] In 1824 the city of Edinburgh commissioned a bronze statue of Lord Hopetoun, by Thomas Campbell, and originally designed as a centrepiece for Charlotte Square in 1829, but which was eventually placed in St Andrew Square in 1834, in front of Dundas House where he had acted as vice governor of the bank.[4][5]

A boarding house at Wellington College, Berkshire, has been named after him. It has recently been turned into a girls house.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir William Cunynghame, Bt
Member of Parliament for Linlithgowshire
1790–1800
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Hope
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Robert Brownrigg
Colonel of the 6th Battalion, 60th Regiment of Foot
1805–1806
Succeeded by
Napier Christie Burton
Preceded by
Marquess of Huntly
Colonel of the 92nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot
1806–1820
Succeeded by
John Hope
Preceded by
The Earl of Harrington
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1812–1813
Succeeded by
Sir George Hewett, Bt
Preceded by
Marquess of Huntly
Colonel of the 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot
1820–1823
Succeeded by
Sir George Murray
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The 3rd Earl of Hopetoun
Lord-Lieutenant of Linlithgowshire
1816–1823
Vacant
Title next held by
The 5th Earl of Hopetoun
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
James Hope-Johnstone
Earl of Hopetoun
1816–1823
Succeeded by
John Hope
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Niddry
1814–1823
Succeeded by
John Hope