|The Right Honourable
The Lord Horam
|Member of Parliament
9 April 1992 – 6 May 2010
|Preceded by||Ivor Stanbrook|
|Succeeded by||Jo Johnson|
|Member of Parliament
for Gateshead West
18 June 1970 – 9 June 1983
|Preceded by||Harry Randall|
|Succeeded by||constituency abolished|
7 March 1939 |
City of Preston, Lancashire, England
|Political party||Labour (until 1981)
Conservative (from 1987)
|Alma mater||St Catharine's College, Cambridge|
John Rhodes Horam, Baron Horam (born 7 March 1939) is a politician in the United Kingdom. He sat in the House of Commons for two separate periods between 1970 and 2010, as a member of three different political parties, latterly as the Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Orpington until 2010. On 4 September 2013, he was created a working Life Peer as Baron Horam of Grimsargh in the County of Lancashire.
Horam was born in Preston. He went to the independent Silcoates School in Wakefield, West Yorkshire. He was educated at St Catharine's College, Cambridge where he studied Economics, gaining an MA in 1960. From 1960-2, he was a market research officer for Rowntree's in York. He was a features writer for the Financial Times and The Economist, and a founder of CRU Group, a commodities analysis and consulting company.
He was first elected as an MP at the 1970 general election as a member of the Labour Party, and served as a Parliamentary secretary in the Department of Transport under Bill Rodgers in the Callaghan government.
Horam was one of the first to leave the Labour Party for the SDP in 1981, having been increasingly uneasy with the leftward direction that Labour had been veering in. Horam left Parliament after the 1983 general election, when his seat was abolished and after failing to be elected as a Social Democrat in the Newcastle Central constituency.
Horam joined the Conservative Party shortly before the 1987 election and was elected to Parliament from Orpington, as a Conservative in 1992 with a majority of 12,935 votes. In 1994, Horam was appointed to be a junior minister under John Major in the Office of Public Service and Science within the Cabinet Office. Soon afterwards, Horam made a lateral move to the Department of Health where he served as a junior minister for the duration of the Major Government. Horam gained some notoriety during the 1997 general election when he was the first member of the Major Government to come out publicly against joining a single currency. In opposition, Horam served as the first Chairman of the House Environmental Audit Select Committee from 1997-2004. In the 2005 general election, he increased his majority to 4,947, a significant increase over his narrow victory of only 269 votes in 2001 over Liberal Democrat Chris Maines.
Horam was the only MP to have sat in the House of Commons as a member of three different parties since the Second World War. In addition, he was the last of the 29 MPs who joined the SDP in 1981 and 1982 to remain a Member of Parliament.
Despite his constituency being only a short train journey from the House of Commons, Horam still claimed expenses for a second home.
He married Judith Jackson in 1987. She has two sons from a previous marriage.
- Official Website
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Horam
- Guardian Unlimited Politics - Ask Aristotle: John Horam MP
- TheyWorkForYou.com - John Horam MP
- BBC Politics Profile
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Gateshead West
1970 – 1983
|Member of Parliament for Orpington
1992 – 2010