|Sir John Hurt
Hurt in 2015
22 January 1940 |
Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England
Hurt has had a career spanning six decades and initially came to prominence for his supporting role as Richard Rich in the film A Man for All Seasons (1966). Since then he has played leading roles as Quentin Crisp in the TV film The Naked Civil Servant (1975), the deformed man John Merrick in David Lynch's biopic The Elephant Man (1980), Winston Smith in the dystopian drama Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984), Mr. Braddock in the Stephen Frears drama The Hit (1984), and Stephen Ward in the drama depicting the Profumo affair, Scandal (1989). He is also known for his television roles as Caligula in I, Claudius (1976), and the War Doctor in the Doctor Who 50th anniversary special (2013).
Hurt's other films include the prison drama Midnight Express (1978), the science-fiction horror film Alien (1979), the adventure film Rob Roy (1995), the political thriller V for Vendetta (2006), the sci-fi adventure film Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008), the Harry Potter film series (2001–11), the Hellboy films (2004 and 2008), and the Cold War espionage film Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (2011). His character's final scene in Alien has been named by a number of publications as one of the most memorable in cinematic history.
Recognisable for his distinctive rich voice, he has also enjoyed a successful voice acting career in films such as Watership Down (1978), the animated The Lord of the Rings (1978), and Dogville, as well as the BBC television series Merlin.
Hurt was born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, the son of Phyllis (née Massey), an amateur actress and engineer, and Arnould Herbert Hurt, a mathematician who became an Anglican clergyman and served as vicar of Shirebrook. Hurt's father was also a vicar at St John's Church in Sunderland. In 1937, he moved his family to Derbyshire, where he became Perpetual Curate of Holy Trinity Church. When Hurt was five, his father became the vicar of St. Stephen's Church in Woodville, Derbyshire, and remained there until 1952.
Hurt had a strict upbringing; the family lived opposite a cinema, but he was not allowed to see films there. He was also not permitted to mix with local children because his parents saw them as "too common".
At the age of eight, Hurt was sent to the Anglican St Michael's Preparatory School in Otford, Kent, where he eventually developed his passion for acting. He decided he wanted to become an actor, and his first role was that of a girl in a school production of The Bluebird (L'Oiseau Bleu) by Maurice Maeterlinck. While he was a pupil at the school, he was abused by Donald Cormack (now deceased), then Senior Master of the school and later Head Teacher (until his retirement in 1981). Hurt described how Cormack would remove his two false front teeth and put his tongue in the boys' mouths, and how he would rub their faces with his stubble. Hurt said that the experience affected him hugely.
Hurt's father moved to Old Clee Church in Grimsby, Lincolnshire. Hurt (then aged 12) became a boarder at Christ's Hospital School (then a grammar school) in Lincoln, because he had failed the entrance exam for admission to his brother's school. Hurt often accompanied his mother to Cleethorpes Repertory Theatre, but his parents disliked his acting ambitions and encouraged him to become an art teacher instead. His headmaster, Mr Franklin, laughed when Hurt told him he wanted to be an actor, telling him that he "wouldn't stand a chance in the profession".
Aged 17, Hurt enrolled in Grimsby Art School (now the East Coast School of Art & Design), where he studied art. In 1959, Hurt won a scholarship allowing him to study for an Art Teacher's Diploma (ATD) at Saint Martin's School of Art in London. Despite the scholarship, paying for his studies was financially difficult, so he persuaded some of his friends to pose nude and sold the portraits. In 1960, he won a scholarship to RADA, where he trained for two years. He was then cast in small roles on television.
Hurt's first film was The Wild and the Willing (1962), but his first major role was as Richard Rich in A Man for All Seasons (1966). In 1971 he played Timothy Evans, who was hanged for murders committed by his landlord John Christie, in 10 Rillington Place, earning him his first BAFTA nomination for Best Supporting Actor. His portrayal of Quentin Crisp in the 1975 TV play The Naked Civil Servant gave him prominence and earned him the British Academy Television Award for Best Actor. The following year, Hurt won further acclaim for his bravura performance as the Roman emperor Caligula in the BBC drama serial, I, Claudius. In the 2002 TV documentary I Claudius: A Television Epic, Hurt revealed that he had originally declined the role when it was first offered to him, but that series director Herbert Wise had invited him to a special pre-production party, hoping Hurt would change his mind, and that he was so impressed by meeting the rest of the cast and crew that he reversed his decision and took the part.
In 1978, Hurt appeared in Midnight Express, for which he won a Golden Globe and a BAFTA and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor (the latter of which he lost to Christopher Walken for his performance in The Deer Hunter). Hurt voiced Hazel, the heroic rabbit leader of his warren in the film adaptation of Watership Down and later played the major villain, General Woundwort, in the animated television series version.
His other roles in the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s included Kane, the first victim of the title creature in the film Alien (1979, a role which he reprised as a parody in Spaceballs); would-be art school radical Scrawdyke in Little Malcolm (1974); and John Merrick in The Elephant Man (1980), for which he won another BAFTA and was nominated for a Golden Globe and an Academy Award for Best Actor. In 1978 he lent his voice to Ralph Bakshi's animated film adaptation of Lord of the Rings, playing the role of Aragorn. He also had a starring role in Sam Peckinpah's critically panned but moderately successful final film, The Osterman Weekend (1983). Also in 1983 he starred as the Fool opposite Laurence Olivier's King in King Lear. Hurt also appeared as Raskolnikov in the 1979 BBC TV mini-series adaptation of Crime and Punishment.
Hurt played Winston Smith in the 1984 film adaptation of the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. In 1985 he starred in Disney's The Black Cauldron, voicing the film's main antagonist, the Horned King. In 1986, Hurt provided the voiceover for AIDS: Iceberg / Tombstone, a public information film warning of the dangers of AIDS. In 1988 he played the title role, the on-screen narrator, in Jim Henson's The StoryTeller TV series. He had a supporting role as "Bird" O'Donnell in Jim Sheridan's 1990 film The Field, which garnered him another BAFTA nomination. In 1997, Hurt played the reclusive tycoon S.R. Hadden in Contact.
In 2001, he played Mr Ollivander, the wand-maker, in the first Harry Potter film, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. He returned for the adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, though his scenes in that film were cut. He also returned for Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 and Part 2. In 1999, Hurt provided narration on the British musical group Art of Noise's concept album The Seduction of Claude Debussy. During this time, he narrated a four-part TV series The Universe which was released on DVD in 1999. In the 2006 film V for Vendetta he played the role of Adam Sutler, leader of the Norsefire fascist dictatorship. In May 2008, he appeared in Steven Spielberg's Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull as Harold Oxley. He is also the voice of The Great Dragon Kilgharrah, who aids the young warlock Merlin as he protects the future king Arthur, in the BBC television series Merlin.
In June 2009, Hurt played the on-screen Big Brother for Paper Zoo Theatre Company's production of Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four. The theatre production premiered at the National Media Museum, in Bradford and toured during 2010. Hurt said, "I think Paper Zoo thought it would be quite ironic to have the person who played Winston having risen in the party. From the Chestnut Tree Cafe, he's managed to get his wits together again, now understanding that 2 and 2 make 5, and becomes Big Brother. So it tickled my fancy, and of course I looked up Paper Zoo, and they seem to me to be the sort of company that's essential in the country as we know it, and doing a lot of really good stuff."
At the 65th British Academy Film Awards Hurt won the award for Outstanding British Contribution to Cinema.
Hurt has an older brother, Br. Anselm (born Michael), a Roman Catholic convert who became a monk and writer at Glenstal Abbey; Hurt has contributed to his brother's books. Hurt also has an adopted sister, Monica. In 1962, Hurt's father left his parish in Cleethorpes to become headmaster of St. Michael's College in the Central American country of British Honduras. Hurt's mother died in 1975, and his father died in 1999 at the age of 95.
In 1962, Hurt married actress Annette Robertson. The marriage ended in 1964. In 1967, he began his longest relationship, with French model Marie-Lise Volpeliere-Pierrot, sister of fashion photographer Jean-Claude Volpeliere-Pierrot. The couple had planned to get married after 15 years, when events took a tragic turn on 26 January 1983; Hurt and Volpeliere-Pierrot went horse riding early in the morning near their house in Ascott-under-Wychwood, Oxfordshire. Volpeliere-Pierrot was thrown off her horse and suffered a fall. She went into a coma and died later that day. In September 1984, Hurt married his old friend, American actress Donna Peacock, at a local Register Office. The couple moved to Kenya, but divorced in January 1990.
On 24 January 1990, Hurt married American production assistant Joan Dalton, whom he had met while filming Scandal. With her he had two sons: Alexander "Sasha" John Vincent Hurt (born 6 February 1990) and Nicholas "Nick" Hurt (born 5 February 1993), who are currently residing in County Waterford, Ireland. This marriage ended in 1996 and was followed with a seven-year relationship with Dublin-born presenter and writer Sarah Owens. The couple moved to County Wicklow, where they settled close to their friends, director John Boorman, and Claddagh Records founder and Guinness heir The Hon Garech de Brún. In July 2002 the couple separated. In March 2005, Hurt married his fourth wife, advertising film producer Anwen Rees Meyers. He now lives near Cromer, Norfolk.
In 2007, Hurt took part in the BBC genealogical television series Who Do You Think You Are?, which investigated part of his family history. Prior to participating in the programme, Hurt had harboured a love of Ireland and was enamoured of a 'deeply beguiling' family legend that suggested his great-grandmother had been the illegitimate daughter of Irish nobleman the Marquess of Sligo. The genealogical evidence uncovered seemed to contradict the family legend, rendering the 'suggestion' doubtful. Coincidentally the search revealed that his great-grandmother had previously lived in Grimsby at a location within a mile of the art college at which Hurt had once enrolled.
Appointments and honours
Since 2003, Hurt has been a patron of the Proteus Syndrome Foundation, both in the United Kingdom and in the USA. Proteus syndrome is the condition that Joseph Merrick, whom Hurt played (renamed as John Merrick) in The Elephant Man, is thought to have suffered from, although Merrick's exact condition is still not known with certainty.
University degrees and appointments
In January 2002, Hurt received an honorary degree from the University of Derby.
|1962||Wild and the Willing, TheThe Wild and the Willing||Phil|
|1964||This Is My Street||Charlie|
|1966||Man for All Seasons, AA Man for All Seasons||Richard Rich|
|1967||Sailor from Gibraltar, TheThe Sailor from Gibraltar||John|
|1969||In Search of Gregory||Daniel|
|1969||Sinful Davey||Davey Haggart|
|1969||Before Winter Comes||Lieutenant Pilkington|
|1971||Mr. Forbush and the Penguins||Richard Forbush|
|1971||10 Rillington Place||Timothy John Evans||Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role|
|1972||Pied Piper, TheThe Pied Piper||Franz|
|1974||Little Malcolm||Malcolm Scrawdyke|
|1975||Ghoul, TheThe Ghoul||Tom Rawlings|
|1975||Linea del fiume, LaLa Linea del fiume||Chandler|
|1977||East of Elephant Rock||Nash|
|1977||Three Dangerous Ladies||Lt. Simmonds|
|1978||Watership Down||Hazel||Voice role|
|1978||Shout, TheThe Shout||Anthony Fielding|
|1978||Midnight Express||Max||Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
|1978||Lord of the Rings, TheThe Lord of the Rings||Aragorn||Voice role|
|1979||Alien||Kane||DVDX Award for Best Audio Commentary (New for DVD) (2003 re-issue in Alien Quadrilogy, shared with Ridley Scott, Ronald Shusett, Terry Rawlings, Sigourney Weaver, Tom Skerritt, Veronica Cartwright and Harry Dean Stanton)
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
|1980||Elephant Man, TheThe Elephant Man||John Merrick||BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Utah Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
|1980||Heaven's Gate||Billy Irvine|
|1981||Night Crossing||Peter Strelzyk|
|1981||History of the World, Part I||Jesus Christ|
|1982||Plague Dogs, TheThe Plague Dogs||Snitter||Voice|
|1983||Osterman Weekend, TheThe Osterman Weekend||Lawrence Fassett|
|1984||Champions||Bob Champion||Evening Standard British Film Awards for Best Actor|
|1984||Success Is the Best Revenge||Dino Montecurva|
|1984||Hit, TheThe Hit||Braddock||Evening Standard British Film Awards for Best Actor
Mystfest for Best Actor (shared with: Terence Stamp and Tim Roth)
|1984||Nineteen Eighty-Four||Winston Smith||Evening Standard British Film Awards for Best Actor
Fantasporto for Best Actor (tied with Eddy Mitchell for Frankenstein 90)
Valladolid International Film Festival for Best Actor (tied with Richard Burton)
|1985||After Darkness||Peter Hunningford||Entered into the 35th Berlin International Film Festival|
|1985||Black Cauldron, TheThe Black Cauldron||The Horned King||Voice|
|1987||Hunting of the Snark, TheThe Hunting of the Snark||Narrator||Voice|
|1987||From the Hip||Douglas Benoit|
|1987||Spaceballs||Kane||Cameo of his Alien (1979) character 'Kane', humorously self-parodied with the line: "Oh no... Not again!"|
|1987||Aria||The Actor||Segment "I pagliacci"|
|1987||Vincent||Narrator (Vincent van Gogh's letters to his brother)||Voice|
|1987||White Mischief||Gilbert Colvile|
|1988||Bengali Night, TheThe Bengali Night||Lucien Metz|
|1989||Little Sweetheart||Robert Burger|
|1990||Romeo-Juliet||La Dame aux Chats
|1990||The Field||Bird O'Donnell||Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role|
|1990||Frankenstein Unbound||Dr. Joe Buchanan
|1991||I Dreamt I Woke Up||John Boorman's Alter Ego|
|1991||King Ralph||Lord Percival Graves|
|1992||Lapse of Memory||Conrad Farmer|
|1993||L'Oeil qui ment||Anthony / Le Marquis|
|1993||Even Cowgirls Get the Blues||The Countess|
|1994||Rabbit Ears: Aladdin and the Magic Lamp||Storyteller||Direct-to-video release|
|1994||Thumbelina||Mr. Mole||Voice only|
|1994||Second Best||Uncle Turpin|
|1995||Two Nudes Bathing||Marquis de Prey|
|1995||Saigon Baby||Jack Lee|
|1995||Rob Roy||John Graham, Marquis of Montrose|
|1995||Dead Man||John Scholfield|
|1995||Wild Bill||Charley Prince|
|1997||Tender Loving Care||Dr. Turner||Interactive CD-ROM film|
|1997||Love and Death on Long Island||Giles De'Ath||FIPRESCI Prize – Special Mention of Chicago International Film Festival (shared with: Richard Kwietniowski)
Nominated – British Independent Film Awards for Best Performance by a British Actor in an Independent Film
|1998||The Commissioner||James Morton||Entered into the 48th Berlin International Film Festival|
|1998||Night Train||Michael Poole||Verona Love Screens Film Festival for Best Actor|
|1998||All the Little Animals||Mr. Summers|
|1999||Climb, TheThe Climb||Chuck Langer|
|1999||New Blood||Alan White|
|1999||Monkey's Tale, AA Monkey's Tale||Sebastian||English dub of French film Le Château des singes|
|1999||If... Dog... Rabbit...||Sean Cooper|
|2000||Tigger Movie, TheThe Tigger Movie||Narrator||Voice|
|2000||Lost Souls||Father Lareaux|
|2001||Captain Corelli's Mandolin||Dr. Iannis|
|2001||Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone||Mr. Ollivander|
|2002||Crime and Punishment||Porfiry|
|2003||Owning Mahowny||Victor Foss|
|2003||Meeting Che Guevara & the Man from Maybury Hill||Man from Maybury Hill|
|2004||Hellboy||Professor Trevor "Broom" Bruttenholm|
|2005||Proposition, TheThe Proposition||Jellon Lamb||Nominated – Australian Film Institute Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role|
|2005||Skeleton Key, TheThe Skeleton Key||Ben Devereaux|
|2006||V for Vendetta||Adam Sutler|
|2006||Perfume: The Story of a Murderer||Narrator||Voice|
|2007||Boxes||Le père de Fanny|
|2008||Oxford Murders, TheThe Oxford Murders||Arthur Seldom|
|2008||Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull||Dr. Harold Oxley|
|2008||Hellboy II: The Golden Army||Professor Trevor 'Broom' Bruttenholm||Cameo|
|2008||Lecture 21||Mondrian Kilroy|
|2009||Limits of Control, TheThe Limits of Control||Guitar|
|2009||New York, I Love You||Waiter|
|2009||44 Inch Chest||Old Man Peanut||Nominated – London Film Critics' Circle for Best British Supporting Actor|
|2010||Ultramarines: The Movie||Carnak||Voice|
|2010||Brighton Rock||Phil Corkery|
|2010||Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1||Mr. Ollivander|
|2011||Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2||Mr. Ollivander|
|2011||In Love with Alma Cogan||Master of Ceremonies|
|2011||Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy||Control||Nominated — Denver Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Nominated — International Cinephile Society Award for Best Cast (runner-up)
|2012||Jayne Mansfield's Car||Kingsley Bedford|
|2013||Charlie Countryman||Narrator||Voice. Hurt's narration was in the original version of the film shown at the Sundance Festival, but subsequently the film was re-edited and the narration removed (though it is available as an 'extra' on the Blu-ray release).|
|2013||Only Lovers Left Alive||Marlowe|
|2013||More Than Honey||Narrator||Voice; documentary|
|2013||Benjamin Britten – Peace and Conflict||Narrator|
|2014||Hercules||Cotys, King of Thrace|
|2015||The Absinthe Drinkers||Antonio Argenti||Filming|
|2015||Sodor's Legend of the Lost Treasure||Sailor John||Voice|
|1961||Drama 61–67||Private Briggs||Episode 1.16: "Drama '61: Local Incident"|
|1962||Z-Cars||James Hogan||Episode 1.29: "Assault"|
|1963||First Night||Garry||Episode 1.12: "Menace"|
|1964||Armchair Theatre||Unknown||Episode 4.102: "A Jug of Bread"|
|1964||Thursday Theatre||Orpheus||Episode 1.11: "Point of Departure"|
|1964–1965||ITV Play of the Week||Various characters||Appeared in three episodes|
|1965||Gideon's Way||Freddy Tinsdale||Episode 1.14: "The Tin God"|
|1973||Wessex Tales||Joshua Harlborough||Episode 1.3: "A Tragedy of Two Ambitions"|
|1974||Playboy of the Western World, TheThe Playboy of the Western World||Christopher "Christy" Mahon||Television film|
|1975||Naked Civil Servant, TheThe Naked Civil Servant||Quentin Crisp||Television film
British Academy Television Award for Best Actor; #4 in BFI TV 100
|1976||Shades of Greene||Fred||Episode 2.6: "A Drive in the Country"|
|1976||Play for Today||Alec Cassell||Episode 6.22: "The Peddler"|
|1976||Sweeney, TheThe Sweeney||Tony Grey||Episode 3.4: "Tomorrow Man"|
|1976||I, Claudius||Caligula||TV mini-series|
|1977||Spectre||Mitri Cyon||Television film|
|1979||Crime and Punishment||Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov||TV mini-series|
|1983||King Lear||The Fool||Television film|
|1988||Storyteller, TheThe Storyteller||The Storyteller||Appeared in all nine first series episodes|
|1990||Investigation: Inside a Terrorist Bombing, TheThe Investigation: Inside a Terrorist Bombing||Chris Mullin||Television film|
|1991||Journey to Knock||Alfred|
|1991||Red Fox||Archie Carpenter||TV mini-series|
|1992||Six Characters in Search of an Author||The Father||Television film|
|1993||Great Moments in Aviation||Rex Goodyear|
|1995||Prisoners in Time||Eric Lomax|
|1999–2000||Watership Down||General Woundwort||Multiple episodes; voice|
|2001||Beckett on Film – Krapp's Last Tape||Krapp||Television film|
|2004||Alan Clark Diaries, TheThe Alan Clark Diaries||Alan Clark||TV serial|
|2004||Pride||Harry||Television film; voice|
|2007||Hellboy: Blood and Iron||Professor Trevor 'Broom' Bruttenholm||Television film; voice|
|2007||Masters of Science Fiction||Samswope||Episode 1.4: "The Discarded"|
|2008||Recount||Warren Christopher||Television film|
|2008–2012||Merlin (Seasons 1-5)||The Great Dragon, Kilgharrah||Voice; does not appear in every episode, yet is credited in the opening title sequence for each episode. Also provides the narrative voice at the start of the title sequence.|
|2009||Gruffalo, TheThe Gruffalo||The Owl||Television film (children's), voice|
|2009||Englishman in New York, AnAn Englishman in New York||Quentin Crisp||Television film
Berlin International Film Festival – Teddy Award
Nominated – British Academy Television Award for Best Actor
|2010||Whistle and I'll Come to You||James Parkin||Television film|
|2011||Harry's Arctic Heroes||Narrator|
|2011||Gruffalo's Child, TheThe Gruffalo's Child||The Owl||Television film (children's), voice|
|2012||Labyrinth||Audric Baillard||TV miniseries|
|2012||Hollow Crown: Henry V, TheThe Hollow Crown: Henry V||The Chorus||Television film|
|2012||Playhouse Presents||The Ministry||Voice; one episode|
|2013||Doctor Who||The Doctor||Episodes "The Name of the Doctor", "The Night of the Doctor", and "The Day of the Doctor"|
|2014||The Strain||Professor Abraham Setrakian||Unaired pilot episode only; replaced by David Bradley in series.|
- Privateer 2: The Darkening (1996) – Joe the Bartender
- Heroes of Might and Magic II: The Succession Wars (1996) - Archibald Ironfist (voice)
- Heroes of Might and Magic II: The Price of Loyalty (1997) - Narrator (voice)
- Tender Loving Care (1998) – Dr. Turner
Other projects and contributions
- When Love Speaks (2002, EMI Classics) – "Sonnet 145"
("Those lips that Love's own hand did make")
- Hurt performs in drag for the promotional video for Attitude by the music group Suede.
- Hurt is seen as the 'Brian Epstein' esque mogul in Paul McCartney's 1982 video for his song "Take It Away". McCartney explains in the video commentary section of The McCartney Years DVD (for the song 'Take it Away') that Hurt himself was a friend of the Beatles and Brian Epstein, and that the Beatles had watched Hurt act in the mid-'60s and thought him a fine actor.
- Hurt is the narrator of the 1995 Discovery Channel documentary On Jupiter.
- Narrator on the album The Seduction of Claude Debussy by the band Art of Noise (1999).
- Hurt is the narrator of the 4 part series The Universe for Channel 4 International, released in 1999 and available on DVD.
- Hurt co-starred alongside Kiefer Sutherland in the 10 part web series The Confession.
- A line from the movie Nineteen Eighty-Four, featuring the voice of Hurt can be heard as the introduction to the Manic Street Preachers song "Faster"
- In two volumes of a documentary called Life in the Animal Kingdom: Untamed Africa, filmed in the Maasai Mara Game Preserve in Kenya (the two volumes being called Hunter and Hunted and Survival on the Serengeti), Hurt served as the narrator.
- Benjamin Britten – Peace and Conflict, a British feature film written and directed by Tony Britten - narrator.
- Narrator for the BBC 5 live documentary "The day we won Wimbledon."
- Narrator of the Mercedes F1 Team video ad based on the poem "If-" by Rudyard Kipling 
- HURT, John. Who's Who 2015 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription required)
- Jones, Paul. "Doctor Who 50th anniversary: John Hurt to play "part of the Doctor"". Radio Times. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- Tobin, Christian. "John Hurt teases 'Doctor Who' 50th anniversary special role". Digital Spy. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- Sources that refer to the final scene of Hurt's character in Alien as one of the most memorable in cinematic history include these:
- BBC News (26 April 2007). "Alien named as top 18-rated scene". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
- "100 Greatest Scary Moments". 25 October 2003. 50 minutes in. Channel 4.
- Kermode, Mark (19 October 2003). "All fright on the night". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 1 February 2010.
- "Scariest movie scenes ever". Virgin Media. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
- Green, Graeme. "John Hurt talks Harry Potter, flamenco and chestbursters". Metro. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
- "The 100 Scariest Movie Moments". Bravo. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 29 May 2010.
- "The making of Alien's chestburster scene". The Guardian (UK). 13 October 2009. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
- "John Hurt – Biography". Talk Talk. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- England and Wales Birth records Retrieved 23 August 2014
- "John Hurt Biography (1940–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "BBC Radio Derby". Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "The Guardian Interview: John Hurt". The Guardian (UK). 1 July 2000. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "History of St Michael's School". Stmichaels.kent.sch.uk. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Sholto Byrnes (16 October 2005). "John Hurt: I was abused, too". Independent on Sunday (London). Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Rob Sharp (19 April 2008). Central Saint Martins: The art and soul of Britain. The Independent (London). Retrieved July 2013.
- "BFI Screenonline: AIDS: Iceberg / Tombstone". Screenonline.org.uk. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "IESB First Look: Indy IV Looks Back at the Original Trilogy" (Video). IESB. 1 May 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
- "Actor Hurt to reprise Crisp role". BBC News. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
- "John Hurt on 1984". National Media Museum. Retrieved 28 October 2010.[dead link]
- Rayner, Gordon (3 July 2013). "Doctor Who's new adversary - the Prince of Wales". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- "Ben Kinglsey & John Hurt for Neil Jordan – John Boorman's 'Broken Dream'". IFTN. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- "Br. Alselm's cookbook". Glenstal.org. 17 October 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Norman, Michael (2 December 1990). "John Hurt: Always in Character". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Scanlon, Gisele "Bondings", Independent.ie, 21 April 2002. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Acting legend John Hurt talks about his upcoming BAFTA award and life living near Cromer". Johnhurt.co.uk. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "Who Do You Think You Are? – John Hurt". BBC Magazine. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- "Actor Hurt earns his CBE". BBC News. 9 December 2004. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2014.
- 2015 New Year Honours List
- "Proteus Syndrome Foundation UK". proteus-syndrome.org.uk.
- Tibbles JA, Cohen MM (1986). "The Proteus syndrome: the Elephant Man diagnosed". Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 293 (6548): 683–5. doi:10.1136/bmj.293.6548.683. PMC 1341524. PMID 3092979.
- Spiring P (Jun 2001). "The improbable "Elephant Man"". Biologist (London). p. 104. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "Ancient DNA analysis unveils mystery of history's most horribly deformed man -- The Elephant Man". EurekAlert!. 21 July 2003. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- Highfield, Roger (22 July 2003). "Science uncovers handsome side of the Elephant Man". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "John Hurt". Project Harar. 19 July 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- Sabah Meddings (29 March 2013). "John Hurt announced as new patron of Norwich’s Cinema City". EDP24. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "Hollywood glamour marks the official renaming of Norwich University of the Arts". Nua.ac.uk. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- "Hollywood legend takes up Norwich University post". ITV News. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- "John Hurt CBE joins honoraries at January graduation", University of Lincoln, 21 January 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- Bilge Ebiri (15 November 2013). "Ebiri on Charlie Countryman: A Death Haunted Shia LaBeouf Goes East". Vulture. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Justin Lowe (22 January 2013). "Charlie Countryman". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Kevin Yeoman (29 January 2014). "Charlie Countryman Blu-ray Review". High Def Digest. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- "The Gruffalo's Child". BBC One. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- ""On Jupiter" on the Discovery Channel". jpl.nasa.gov. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
- Wilford, John (3 December 1995). "COVER STORY; Jupiter Is a Nice Place to Visit . . . But You Wouldn't Want to Live There – Page 2". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
- "Benjamin Britten – Peace and Conflict", benjaminbrittenfilm.co.uk, accessed 27 May 2013
- "BBC Radio 5 live - The Day We Won Wimbledon". BBC.
- IF... 20 November 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Hurt.|
- John Hurt at the Internet Movie Database
- John Hurt at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
- John Hurt Official Website