John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford

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John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford
Personal details
Born 1465/1466
Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England
Died 1536[1]/1537[2]
Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England
Nationality English
Spouse(s) Margaret Blount
Anne de Grey
Relations Son of William Hussey
Son-in-law of George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent
Brother-in-law of Richard Grey, 3rd Earl of Kent
Brother-in-law of William Willoughby, 11th Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Children Sir William, Thomas, Sir Giles, Elizabeth, Bridget, Anne, Dorothy, Mary, William
Residence Sleaford
Occupation Chief Butler of England

John Hussey, 1st Baron Hussey of Sleaford (1465/1466 – 1536/1537) (sometimes "Huse") was Chief Butler of England[2] from 1521 until his death.[3] He was a member of the House of Lords, and a Chamberlain to King Henry VIII's daughter, Mary I of England.

Early years[edit]

Hussey was born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England, son of William Hussey, an English judge and Chief Justice of the King’s Bench. His mother was the former Elizabeth Berkeley.[4] Hussey's siblings included Sir Robert Hussey (d.1546), the father of Elizabeth Hussey, the 'Mistress Crane' at whose home at East Molesey the first of the Marprelate tracts, Martin's Epistle, was printed in October 1588; Elizabeth Hussey, who married Richard Grey, 3rd Earl of Kent; and Mary Hussey, who married William Willoughby, 11th Baron Willoughby de Eresby.

In 1497, at the Battle of Blackheath, Hussey was knighted. Six years later, he was made "Knight of the Body", bodyguard to King Henry VII, followed by an appointment as "Master of Lyfield Forest", Rutland in 1505 and Comptroller of the Household in 1509. On 16 August 1513, at the battle of the Spurs, he was promoted to Knight banneret.

Career[edit]

In 1493 Hussey was appointed Sheriff of Lincolnshire and by 1513 he was custos rotulorum for the county. On 6 July 1523, he was elected Member of Parliament as a knight of the shire for Lincolnshire. Three years later, 5 February 1526, he was appointed a judge. On 3 November 1529 he was re-elected to Parliament as knight of the shire for Lincolnshire but received a Writs of Summons on 1 December 1529 to the House of Lords as 'Johannes Hussey de sleford, chivaler'. In June 1530, Hussey was named Lincolnshire Castle's Commissioner for Gaol Delivery, and later that same year, Hussey sold some of his large holdings (the Somersetshire manors of Batheaston, Bathampton, Bathford, Twerton; the Wiltshire manors of Compton Bassett, Comerwell, and North Wraxall).[5]

On 10 September 1533, Lord Hussey attended the christening of princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth 1), daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, and carried the canopy over the 3-day old child with George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford, Lord Thomas Howard, and William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham.

Hussey was Chamberlain to King Henry's daughter, Mary, while Hussey's second wife, Lady Anne, was one of Mary's attendants. Though King Henry forbade anyone from calling his daughter, Mary, by the title of Princess, Lady Anne did do so, after which she lost her attendant position around June 1534 and was imprisoned in the Tower of London in August. Asking for the King's pardon, she was released before the end of the year.[3]

In addition to his responsibilities at Court and Parliament, Hussey was steward to John Longland, the conservative Bishop of Lincoln,[6] and King Henry's confessor.[7]

Downfall[edit]

Hussey was implicated along with his cousin as complicit in the 1536 uprising known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. Though Hussey denied participation in the rebellion, he was accused of conspiring to change laws and depose the king, and that he abetted those who made war on the king in October 1536.[8] The charges may have been levied in part because of Hussey's Catholic sympathies,[9] and because Hussey and his wife, having served 'Princess' Mary, were partisans on her behalf.[10] Hussey was indicted and tried for treason, and found guilty by the House of Lords. He was beheaded in Lincoln in 1536,[1] while his cousin, Thomas Darcy, was executed on Tower Hill.[3]

Hussey's statement ("confession") survives.[11]

Family[edit]

Hussey first married Margaret Blount in 1490 at Mangotsfield, by whom he had three sons:[3]

  • Sir William Hussey, Knt. (c. 1492)
  • Thomas Hussey (c. 1495)
  • Gilbert Hussey (c. 1497)

About 1509, he then married Lady Anne Grey (c. 1490, Denbigh – from 1 March 1544/1545 to 11 February 1545/1546), daughter of George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent by his second wife, Catherine Herbert.[12] They had eight children:[3]

After his execution, Hussey's home in Sleaford,[1] as well as his other estates were confiscated by the crown.[4] His children were restored to Parliament in 1563 during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, but Hussey's title was forfeited, and the estates were not returned.[3]

Honors[edit]

  • 6 December 1533, John Fewterer, Confessor-General of Syon Abbey, dedicated his book, The myrrour or glasse of Christes passion, to "the Honorable 'Lord Husey', from Syon".[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Sleaford History". sleaford.gov.uk. 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-05-15. Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  2. ^ a b Maddison, A.R.; Larken, A.S. (1903). Lincolnshire Pedigrees. Lincolnshire: Ye Wardovr Press. p. 527. OCLC 3978908. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "John HUSSEY (1st B. Hussey of Sleaford)". tudorplace.com.ar. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  4. ^ "Medieval Deeds of Bath and District"
  5. ^ "Annex A, Prominent Sleafordians and Local History". artistpetermontgomery.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  6. ^ Fideler, P.A.; Mayer, T.F. (1992). Political Thought and the Tudor Commonwealth. Routledge. p. 98. ISBN 0-415-06672-7. 
  7. ^ Hoyle, R.W. (2001). The Pilgrimage of Grace and the Politics of the 1530s. Oxford University Press. p. 407. ISBN 0-19-925906-2. 
  8. ^ Hoyle 2001:159
  9. ^ Hoyle 2001:67
  10. ^ Hoyle 2001:25
  11. ^ Burke, B.; Burke, J. (1866). A genealogical history of the dormant, abeyant, forfeited, and extinct peerages of the British Empire. London: Harrison. OCLC 11501348. 
  12. ^ http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=272245
  13. ^ Angerville, H. (1959). Living descendants of blood royal , Volume 1. Madison: World Nobility and Peerage. 
  14. ^ Foster 1883, p. 93.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Peerage of England
Preceded by
New creation
Baron Hussey
1529–1537
Succeeded by
Forfeit