John I, Duke of Brittany
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (October 2012)|
|Duke of Brittany|
|Reign||21 October 1221 - 8 October 1286|
|Predecessor||Peter I & Alix|
|Earl of Richmond|
|Predecessor||Peter of Savoy|
|Spouse||Blanche of Navarre|
Peter, Lord of Hade
Alix, Countess of Blois
|House||House of Dreux|
|Died||8 October 1286
Château de l'Isle
John I the Red (Breton: Yann Iañ ar Ruz, French: Jean I le Roux; c. 1217/18 – 8 October 1286), known as John the Red due to the colour of his beard, was Duke of Brittany from 1237 to his death and 2nd Earl of Richmond in 1268. He was the son of Duke Peter I, Duke of Brittany jure uxoris and Alix of Thouars, hereditary Duchess of Brittany.
John was hereditary duke from 1221, the date of his mother’s death. Because John was only four years old, his father, Peter I, ruled as regent until John reached adulthood.
He experienced a number of conflicts with the Bishop of Nantes and the Breton clergy. In 1240, he issued an edict expelling Jews from the duchy and cancelling all debts to them. He joined Louis IX of France in the Eighth Crusade in 1270, and survived the plague that killed the king. The duchy of Brittany experienced a century of peace, beginning with John I and ending with Duke John III's reign in 1341.
Marriage and issue
- John II, Duke of Brittany, married Beatrice of England and had issue
- Peter of Brittany, Lord of Hade
- Alix of Brittany, Dame de Pontarcy, married John of Châtillon, Count of Blois
- Theobald (1245–1256)
- Theobald (died soon after birth)
- Eleanor (1248)
- Nicolas of Brittany (1249–1261)
- Robert (1251–1259)
|Ancestors of John I, Duke of Brittany|
- Jones, Michael (1988). The Creation of Brittany: A Late Medieval State. London: The Hambledon Press. p. 140. ISBN 9780907628804. OCLC 16805427.
- Jones, Michael (1988). The Creation of Brittany: A Late Medieval State. London: The Hambledon Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780907628804. OCLC 16805427.
- Hallam, Elizabeth M.; Everard, Judith (2001) . Capetian France, 987-1328. London: Longman. p. 273. ISBN 9780582489097. OCLC 6813908.
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John I, Duke of Brittany
Cadet branch of the Capetian DynastyBorn: c. 1217/18 Died: 8 October 1286
|Duke of Brittany
|Peerage of England|
Peter of Savoy
|Earl of Richmond
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