John III, Count of Holstein-Plön

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John III, Count of Holstein-Plön
Grevjohanssegl.jpg
Seal of John the Mild
Spouse(s) Catherine of Silesia-Glogau
Merislawa of Schwerin-Wittenburg
Father Gerhard II, Count of Holstein-Plön
Mother Agnes of Brandenburg
Born c. 1297
Died 27 September 1359(1359-09-27)

John III of Holstein-Plön (ca. 1297–1359), called John the Mild, was a Count of Schauenburg and Holstein-Plön and Holstein-Kiel, ruling Holstein-Plön (1312–1316 and again 1350–1359) and Holstein-Kiel (1316–1359). Together with Count Gerhard III of Holstein-Rendsburg John III was the lord ruling in guardianship the Danish Duchy of Schleswig 1332–1340. He was known as “John the Mild”.

He was the son of Count Gerhard II the Blind of Holstein-Plön and of the Danish Queen Dowager Agnes of Brandenburg, a fact that made him a half-brother of Eric VI and Christopher II. In 1312 John and his brother Gerhard IV succeeded their father as co-ruling counts of Holstein-Plön. In 1316 John III inherited Holstein-Kiel from his father's cousin John II the One-Eyed and thus left Holstein-Plön for his brother Gerhard IV as sole ruler. A wealthy man by inheritance John very early acted as a powerful local prince funding Danish warfare and co-operating with his cousin Gerhard III.

His financial support of the Danish kings quickly made him one of their leading creditors with his chief possession in Funen. During the rebellion against Christopher II 1326 John supported Gerhard III and the Danish magnates and enlarged his Danish possessions. The growing rivalry between John III and Gerhard III led him to support the restoration Christopher as a king 1330 but the co-operation between the two half-brothers in 1331 against Gerhard III ended in a defeat. John politically survived this setback but had to accept Gerhard III as his superior.

From 1332 to 1340 John was the master of Denmark east of the Great Belt. However by 1332 he lost Scania which rebelled against the German rule submitting to the Swedish king. Though a kind of a co-ruler with Gerhard III, John did not play a very great political role and preferred to concentrate on his economic profit – like Gerhard III he was pestered by his own minor creditors. After Gerhard III's death and the collapse of Holstein-Rendsburg's rule 1340 John at first co-operated with King Valdemar IV in order to get his money back but during the following years he was slowly but surely outmaneuvered from his Danish possessions by war and by economic transactions.

In 1350 his nephew, Gerhard V, Count of Holstein-Plön, bequeathed Holstein-Plön to John. At his death he ruled his German possessions of Holstein-Plön and Holstein-Kiel, then inherited by his son Adolph IX.

In Danish tradition John is overshadowed by Gerhard III as a Holstein ruler in Denmark. In fact not much is known about John’s character but he seems to have been a clever diplomat whose ambitions owing to circumstances were gradually limited to economic demands.

Marriage and issue[edit]

John III married on 27 January 1319 Catherine (c. 1300-1323), widow of John V, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel and daughter of Matilda of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel) and Henry III, Duke of Silesia-Glogau. Catherine and John had the following children:

In second marriage his spouse was Merislawa of Schwerin-Wittenburg, daughter of Nicolotus I, Count of Schwerin-Wittenburg.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, vol. 7, Copenh. 1980.
  • Politikens Danmarkshistorie, vol. 4 by Erik Kjersgaard, Copenh. 1962.
John III, the Mild
Born: ca. 1297 Died: 27 September 1359
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gerhard II the Blind
Count of Holstein-Plön
1312–1316
with his brother Gerhard IV (1312–1323)
Succeeded by
Gerhard IV
Preceded by
John II the One-Eyed
Count of Holstein-Kiel
1316–1359
Succeeded by
Adolphus IX (aka VII)[1]
Preceded by
Gerhard V
Count of Holstein-Plön
1350–1359
Holstein-Plön merged into Holstein-Kiel

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The numbering varies, sometimes it counts all namesakes within the House of Schauenburg, here put in front, or only the namesakes within the branch line, here given in parenthesis.