John I of Sweden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
  Swedish Royalty
  House of Sverker
Sverkerska (vector).svg

Sverker I
Children
   Prince John, Charles VII, Princess Ingegerd, Boleslaw?
Charles VII
Children
   Sverker II
Boleslaw, Kol
Sverker II
Children
   Princess Helena, John I
John I
Coin issued by King John I

John I (Swedish: Johan Sverkersson; c. 1201 – March 10, 1222) was a Swedish king elected in 1216.[1]

Background[edit]

John was the son of King Sverker II of Sweden of the House of Sverker and Queen Ingegerd of the Bjälbo dynasty. King Sverker had been beaten in the Battle of Lena and later killed in the Battle of Gestilren in 1210. His rival Erik Knutsson, from the House of Eric, became King Eric X of Sweden.

Reign[edit]

When King Eric died suddenly in fever in 1216, the teen-aged John was hailed king by the Swedish aristocracy against the will of the Pope in Rome. John was crowned in 1219 and remained king until his death on March 10, 1222. John died unmarried and childless. In 1222, the rival dynasty's young heir, Erik Eriksson ascended the throne at the age of 6 to reign as King Eric XI of Sweden.[2]

During the brief reign of King John, a Swedish presence was established in Estonia. John's cousin, Earl Karl Döve (the brother of Birger Brosa) and his chancellor, Bishop Karl Magnusson led an expedition to Rotalia in Estonia which ended in a defeat in the Battle of Lihula on August 8, 1220. Defeat in the Battle of Lihula left no Swedish presence and discouraged the Swedish expansion to Estonia for more than 300 years. The events were described in the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia and the Livonian Rhymed Chronicle.

References[edit]

Johan Sverkersson
Born: 1201 Died: March 10 1222
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Eric X
King of Sweden
1216–1222
Succeeded by
Eric XI