John Innes Centre

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John Innes Centre, Norwich - geograph.org.uk - 28695.jpg
The John Innes Centre (JIC)
Headquarters Norwich, UK
Key people
Parent organization BBSRC
Website www.jic.ac.uk
Formerly called
  • The John Innes Institute (JII)
  • Nitrogen Fixation Laboratory (NFL)
  • Plant Breeding Institute (PBI)

The John Innes Centre (JIC) located in Norwich, Norfolk, England, is an independent centre for research and training in plant and microbial science. It is a registered charity (No 223852) grant-aided by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and is a member of the Norwich Research Park.[1][2]

History[edit]

The John Innes Horticultural Institution[3] was founded in 1910 at Merton Park, Surrey (now London Borough of Merton), with funds bequeathed by John Innes, a merchant and philanthropist. The Institution occupied Innes's former estate at Merton Park until 1945 when it moved to Bayfordbury, Hertfordshire. It moved to its present site in 1967.[4]

John Innes Compost was developed by the institution in the 1930s.

In the 1980s, the administration of the John Innes Institute was combined with that of the Plant Breeding Institute[5][6][7][8] and the Nitrogen Fixation Laboratory. In 1994, following the relocation of the operations of other two organisations to the Norwich site, the three were merged as the John Innes Centre.[4]

The institute is divided into six departments: Biological Chemistry, Cell & Developmental Biology, Computational & Systems Biology, Crop Genetics, Metabolic Biology and Molecular Microbiology.[9]

JIC has a tradition of training PhD students and post-docs. PhD degrees obtained via JIC are awarded by the University of East Anglia. JIC has a contingent of postdoctoral researchers, many of whom are recruited onto the institute's Post-doctoral Training Fellowship programme. JIC also sponsors seminars and lectures, including the Bateson Lecture and the Biffen Lecture.

Affiliations[edit]

JIC is also the Norwich base of the Sainsbury Laboratory,[10] an institute focused on plant disease. Although well integrated with JIC, The Sainsbury Laboratory is closely affiliated with the University of East Anglia.[11]

Along with the Institute of Food Research[12] and University of East Anglia (UEA)[11] it hosted the British Science Festival in September 2006.[13]

Directors[edit]

The John Innes Centre has been directed by:

Former staff and alumni include William Ormston Backhouse, Rowland Biffen, David Baulcombe, Liam Dolan, David Hopwood, Charles Leonard Huskins, Nicholas Harberd, Richard Anthony Jefferson, Georgii Karpechenko, Kenneth Mather and Clayton Oscar Person.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The John Innes Institute". Nature 202 (4930): 337–330. 1964. doi:10.1038/202337e0. 
  2. ^ Humphries, E. C. (1964). "The John Innes Institute". Nature 204 (4955): 232. doi:10.1038/204232a0. 
  3. ^ "The New John Innes Horticultural Institution". Nature 165 (4207): 955. 1950. doi:10.1038/165955a0. PMID 15423565. 
  4. ^ a b c John Innes Centre, History. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
  5. ^ "Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge". Nature 161 (4097): 714. 1948. doi:10.1038/161714b0. 
  6. ^ "Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge: Dr. G. D. H. Bell". Nature 161 (4097): 714. 1948. doi:10.1038/161714c0. 
  7. ^ "Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge". Nature 170 (4335): 913. 1952. doi:10.1038/170913f0. 
  8. ^ "The Plant Breeding Institute, Cambridge". Nature 176 (4480): 487. 1955. doi:10.1038/176487a0. 
  9. ^ John Innes Centre, Science Departments. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
  10. ^ Sainsbury’s laboratory
  11. ^ a b University of East Anglia
  12. ^ Institute of food research
  13. ^ British Science Association