John Irwin (British Army officer)

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Sir John Irwin
Born 1727/8
Dublin, Ireland
Died May 1788
Parma, Italy
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch British Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Seven Years' War
Awards Knight of the Order of the Bath

General Sir John Irwin KB (1727/8 – May 1788) was a British Army officer.

Career[edit]

Educated in Ireland, Irwin was commissioned into the 5th Regiment of Foot in 1736.[1] He served in an attack on the French coast in 1758 and then fought under Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick in Germany in 1760.[1]

He served as Member of Parliament (MP) for East Grinstead from 1762 to 1783, Governor of Gibraltar from 1765 to 1767, member of the Irish privy council, and as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland from 1775 to 1782.[1] Losing the last of these posts on the fall of Lord North's administration in March 1782, he moved back into his house in Piccadilly and his place in parliament, rising to full General and retiring from parliament in 1783.[1] In debt, in 1783 he moved to France and then Parma, where he was welcomed by Duke Ferdinand and Archduchess Amelia and hosted British ex-patriates and visitors to the city until his death.[1]

Family[edit]

He married three times: to Elizabeth Henry in 1749, to Anne Barry in 1753 and finally to Caroline with whom he had two children.[1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Sackville and
Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
Member of Parliament for East Grinstead
1762–1783
With: Earl of Middlesex 1762–1765
Sir Charles Farnaby[disambiguation needed] 1765–1767
Lord George Sackville 1767–1782
Henry Arthur Herbert 1782–1783
Succeeded by
Henry Arthur Herbert and
George Medley
Military offices
Preceded by
Edward Cornwallis
Governor of Gibraltar
1765–1767
Succeeded by
Robert Boyd
(acting)
Preceded by
Sir David Cunynghame
Colonel of the 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot
1767–1780
Succeeded by
John Campbell
Preceded by
George Augustus Eliott
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
1775–1782
Succeeded by
John Burgoyne
Governor of Londonderry
1775–1776
Succeeded by
John Hale
Preceded by
Sir William Augustus Pitt
Colonel of the 3rd Regiment of Horse (Carabiniers)
1780–1788
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carhampton