John J. Carter

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John J. Carter
Born (1842-06-16)June 16, 1842
Westport, County Mayo, Ireland
Died January 3, 1917(1917-01-03) (aged 74)
Titusville, Pennsylvania
Buried at Woodlawn Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1861 - 1865
Rank Captain
Unit 33rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars Battle of Antietam
Awards Medal of Honor

John Joyce Carter (June 16, 1842 to January 3, 1917) was an Irish officer who fought in the American Civil War. Carter received the United States' highest award for bravery during combat, the Medal of Honor, for his action during the Battle of Antietam in Maryland on 17 September 1862. He was honored with the award on 10 September 1897.[1][2][3]

Biography[edit]

Carter was born on 16 June 1842 in Westport, Ireland and emigrated to the United States in approximately 1845. He enlisted into the 33rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Nunda, New York in May 1861, and commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in June 1862. Following his Medal of Honor action, he mustered out with the 33rd NY Infantry in June 1863.[4] After a short time as a civilian, he was appointed as a Captain of the 1st New York Veteran Cavalry in October 1863. He again mustered out with his regiment in July 1865.[5][6]

Following the war Carter resided in Pennsylvania and pursued various business ventures including a clothing store in Titusville and an oil company called Carter Oil which later became known as Exxon.[6]

Carter died on 3 January 1917 and his remains are interred at the Woodlawn Cemetery in Titusville, Pennsylvania.[6]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

While in command of a detached company, seeing his regiment thrown into confusion by a charge of the enemy, without orders made a countercharge upon the attacking column and checked the assault. Penetrated within the enemy's lines at night and obtained valuable information.[1][2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Civil War (A-L) Medal of Honor Recipients". Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Carter, John J.". Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "John J Carter". Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  4. ^ 33rd NY Infantry Regimental Roster
  5. ^ 1st NY Veteran Cavalry Regimental Roster
  6. ^ a b c "John J. Carter - Medal of Honor Recipient". Retrieved 20 October 2013.