John J. Smith House

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"John J. Smith" redirects here. For other uses, see John J. Smith (disambiguation).
John J. Smith House
John J. Smith House.png
John J. Smith House is located in Boston
John J. Smith House
General information
Location Beacon Hill
Address Private residence: 86 Pinckney Street
Town or city Boston
Country United States
Coordinates 42°21′31″N 71°04′10″W / 42.3587085°N 71.0694957°W / 42.3587085; -71.0694957

John J. Smith House was the home of John J. Smith from 1878-1893. Smith was an African American abolitionist, Underground Railroad contributor and politician, including three terms as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.

John J. Smith[edit]

Born free in Richmond, Virginia, John J. Smith (1820–1906) moved to Boston in the late 1840s.[1] Smith was an African American abolitionist leader who helped people escape slavery on the Underground Railroad. He was also a recruiting officer for the all-black 5th Cavalry during the Civil War and then a three-term member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.[1]

In the early 1870s, his daughter Elizabeth Smith started teaching at the Phillips School and was probably the first African American to teach in an integrated Boston public school.[2]

Black Heritage Trail[edit]

The house is a Boston African American historical site located on the Black Heritage Trail ® in Beacon Hill.[1][3][4][5]

The National Park Services wrote:

The historic buildings along today's Black Heritage Trail® were the homes, businesses, schools and churches of a thriving black community that organized, from the nation's earliest years, to sustain those who faced local discrimination and national slavery, struggling toward the equality and freedom promised in America's documents of national liberty.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Boston African American NHS Park Brochure, Side 2". National Park Service. Retrieved April 26, 2013.   This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Park Service.
  2. ^ "Phillips School". National Park Service. Retrieved April 26, 2013.   This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Park Service.
  3. ^ Fodor's (16 December 2008). The Official Guide to America's National Parks, 13th Edition. Fodor's Travel Publications. pp. 441–. ISBN 978-1-4000-1628-0. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  4. ^ David L. Scott; Kay W. Scott. Guide to the National Park Areas, Eastern States. Globe Pequot. pp. 110–112. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Boston African American NHS Park Brochure, Side 1". National Park Service. Retrieved April 26, 2013.   This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Park Service.

External links[edit]