John Jacob Bausch
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2008)|
|John Jacob Bausch|
July 25, 1830|
Süßen, Kingdom of Württemberg
|Died||February 14, 1926(aged 95)|
|Resting place||Mount Hope Cemetery,
Rochester, New York
|Occupation||optical instrument maker, Businessman|
|Known for||Co-Founder Bausch and Lomb|
Born as Jakob Bausch in Groß Süßen (today part of Süßen) in Baden-Württemberg, Germany to Georg Bausch, a baker, and his wife Anna Schmid. He was Jewish. Bausch was eighteen when he moved to Bern, Switzerland, where he found work in an optical shop designing camera lenses. The following year he emigrated to the United States. Upon his arrival in Rochester, New York he changed his first name to John.
In 1853, Bausch opened a retail optical shop in Rochester. Bausch sold spectacles, thermometers, field glasses, magnifiers and opera glasses. His friend Henry Lomb invested his savings in Bausch's shop and in 1855 became his partner.
While walking in a New York street, Bausch found a piece of Vulcanite Rubber. He took it back to his workshop and discovered he could make eyeglass frames from the material. At that time frames were mainly made from gold or European horn.
In 1860, the Bausch & Lomb company built the first machine in America to produce spectacles. Lomb was in charge of sales and Bausch concentrated on manufacturing.
During the American Civil War, the blockade caused the price of gold and European horn to rise dramatically. This resulted in a growing demand for the Bausch & Lomb spectacles made from Vulcanite.
In 1876, the company began manufacturing microscopes. Later that year the Bausch & Lomb Optical Company won a distinction at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. The company also produced photographic lenses (1883), spectacle lenses (1889), microtomes (1890), binoculars and telescopes (1893).
- "John J. Bausch, founder and head of world-famous optical firm dies, aged 95". Democrat & Chronicle (Rochester, N.Y.). February 15, 1926. p. 1.
- Bausch Family Papers
Kolbow, Berti. "John Bausch." in Immigrant Entrepreneurship: The German-American Business Biography, 1720 to the Present, vol. 2, edited by William J. Hausman. German Historical Institute. Last modified January 25, 2012. http://www.immigrantentrepreneurship.org/entry.php?rec=18