John Jay Chapman

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John Jay Chapman
Born John Jay Chapman
(1862-03-02)March 2, 1862
New York City, New York
Died November 4, 1933(1933-11-04) (aged 71)
Poughkeepsie, New York
Occupation Literary Critic, Essayist, Lecturer, Journalist, Writer
Nationality American
Education Harvard University
Notable work(s) Causes and Consequences, Practical Agitation
Spouse(s) Minna Timmins
Elizabeth Astor Winthrop Chanler
Children Victor Emmanuel Chapman
John Jay Chapman, Jr.
Conrad Chapman
Relative(s) Henry Grafton Chapman
Eleanor Jay

John Jay Chapman (March 2, 1862 – November 4, 1933) was an American author.

Biography[edit]

He was born in New York City.[1] His father, Henry Grafton Chapman, was a broker who eventually became president of the New York Stock Exchange. His grandmother, Maria Weston Chapman, was one of the leading campaigners against slavery and worked with William Lloyd Garrison on The Liberator.[2] He was educated at St. Paul's School, Concord and Harvard, and after graduating in 1884, Chapman traveled around Europe before returning to study at the Harvard Law School. He was admitted to the bar in 1888, and practiced law until 1898. Meanwhile he had attracted attention as an essayist of unusual merit. His work is marked by originality and felicity of expression, and the opinion of many critics has placed him in the front rank of the American essayists of his day.[3][4]

He married Minna Timmins in 1889 and they had two children, including future pilot Victor Chapman. Timmins died giving birth to their third child. Chapman later married Elizabeth Astor Winthrop Chanler, second daughter of John Winthrop Chanler and Margaret Astor Ward of the Astor family, and sister of soldier and explorer William A. Chanler. Chapman became involved in politics[5] and joined the City Reform Club and the Citizens' Union. He lectured on the need for reform and edited the journal The Political Nursery (1897-1901).[6]

Chapman's second wife Elizabeth Astor Winthrop Chanler (1866-1937) by John Singer Sargent.

Bibliography[edit]

Non-Fiction

  • (1898). Emerson and Other Essays.
  • (1898). Causes and Consequences.
  • (1900). Practical Agitation.
  • (1911). Learning and Other Essays.
  • (1913). William Lloyd Garrison [second edition, revised and enlarged, 1921].
  • (1914). Deutschland Uber Alles; or, Germany Speaks.
  • (1915). Notes on Religion.
  • (1915). Memories and Milestones.
  • (1915). Greek Genius and Other Essays.
  • (1917). Victor Chapman's Letters from France, [with memoir by John Jay Chapman].
  • (1922). A Glance toward Shakespeare.
  • (1924). Letters and Religion.
  • (1931). Lucian, Plato and Greek Morals.
  • (1932). New Horizons in American Life.

Fiction

  • (1892). The Two Philosophers: A Quaint, Sad Comedy.
  • (1908). Four Plays for Children.
  • (1908). The Maid's Forgiveness: A Play.
  • (1909). A Sausage from Bologna: A Comedy in Four Acts.
  • (1910). The Treason and Death of Benedict Arnold: A Play for a Greek Theater.
  • (1911). Neptune's Isle and Other Plays for Children.
  • (1914). Homeric Scenes: Hector's Farewell, and The Wrath of Achilles.
  • (1916). Cupid and Psyche.
  • (1919). Songs and Poems.

Articles

Translations

  • (1927). Dante.
  • (1928). Two Greek Plays.
  • (1930). The Antigone of Sophocles.

Collected works

  • (1957). The Selected Writings of John Jay Chapman, Jacques Barzun (Editor).
  • (1970). The Collected Works of John Jay Chapman, 12 Vol., Melvin H. Bernstein (Editor).
  • (1998). Unbought Spirit: A John Jay Chapman Reader, Richard Stone (Editor), (Foreword by) Jacques Barzun.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Retrospections." In John Jay Chapman and his Letters, De Wolfe Howe (ed.), Houghton Mifflin Company, 1937.
  2. ^ "The relationship between Chapman's writings and his family history received more attention at midcentury. Chapman's grandmother was an ardent abolitionist and colleague of William Lloyd Garrison. Her grandson inherited her crusading spirit, but substituted the influence of money in politics for slavery." — Russello, Gerald J. (1999). "A Hero for the Truth," The New Criterion, Vol. 17, p. 74.
  3. ^ Hovey, Richard B. (1959). John Jay Chapman - An American Mind, Columbia University Press.
  4. ^ Wilson, Edmund (1976). "John Jay Chapman: The Mute and the Open Strings." In The Triple Thinkers, Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  5. ^ Crawford, Allan Pell (2013). "The Anti-Alinsky," The American Conservative, August 7.
  6. ^ Stocking, David (1960). "John Jay Chapman and Political Reform," American Quarterly, Vol. 2, No.1, pp. 62-70.

Further reading[edit]

  • Baltzell, E. Digby (1987). The Protestant Establishment: Aristocracy & Caste in America, Yale University Press.
  • Bernstein, Melvin H. (1957). The Mind of John Jay Chapman, Monthly Review Press.
  • Bernstein, Melvin H. (1964). John Jay Chapman, Twayne Publishers.
  • Brown, Stuart Gerry (1952). "John Jay Chapman and the Emersonian Gospel," The New England Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 147–180.
  • De Wolfe Howe, M. A. (1937). John Jay Chapman and his Letters, Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Paul, Sherman (1960). "The Identities of John Jay Chapman," The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, Vol. 59, No. 2, pp. 255–262.
  • Peel, Robin (2005). "John Jay Chapman, 'Social Order and Restraints': The Custom of the Country (1913)." In Apart from Modernism: Edith Wharton, Politics, and Fiction Before World War I, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, pp. 197–224.

External links[edit]