John Jay College of Criminal Justice

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Not to be confused with College of Justice.
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
John Jay logo.png
Motto "Education for Justice."
Established 1964
Type Public
Endowment $4.4 million (2012)[1]
President Jeremy Travis
Academic staff 1,000+ (includes adjuncts)
Students 16,000+
Undergraduates 15,000+
Postgraduates 2,000
Location New York, NY, United States
Campus Urban
Newspaper John Jay Sentinel (formerly Tenth Avenue Guardian and LEX)
Colors Blue      and Gold     
Sports 14 teams. NCAA Division III
Mascot Bloodhound
Website www.jjay.cuny.edu

The John Jay College of Criminal Justice is a senior college of the City University of New York in Midtown Manhattan, New York City and was founded as the only liberal arts college with a criminal justice and forensic focus in the United States.[2][3] The college is known for its programs in criminal justice studies, forensic science, and forensic psychology programs.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

Haaren Hall in the early 20th century. Prior to the acquisition by John Jay, it was De Witt Clinton High School

In 1964, a committee convened by the Board of Higher Education recommended the establishment of an independent, degree-granting school of police science. The College of Police Science (COPS) of the City University of New York was subsequently founded and admitted its first class in September 1965. Within a year, the school was renamed John Jay College of Criminal Justice to reflect broader education objectives.[4] The school's namesake, John Jay, was the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court and one of the founding fathers of the United States. Jay was a native of New York City and served as governor of New York State.

Classes were originally held at the Police Academy on East 20th Street. Leonard E. Reisman served as college president from 1964 to 1970, succeeded by Donald Riddle, president from 1970–1975.

Era of protests and disputes[edit]

In the spring of 1970, after President Nixon announced that the Cambodian Campaign would be extended, the college held two "heated" teach-ins about the conflict.[5] Many other college campuses were home to student strikes across the nation. On May 7, 1970, the faculty voted 52-39 in favor of closing the college in protest of President Nixon's handling of the Vietnam War and the killing of students by National Guardsmen at Kent State University and Jackson State College. But the closing of John Jay college would ultimately be up to its students, the faculty decided. At an impassioned student meeting, the final vote was 865–791 in favor of keeping the college open.[6]

In the summer of 1970, Professor Abe Blumberg made some criticisms of the FBI and the Director J. Edgar Hoover in a graduate course on the sociology of law. One of his students, an FBI agent named Jack Shaw, examined the agency's role in American society in his master's thesis, granting that some of Blumberg's criticisms may have been valid. His paper found its way to Hoover's hands, who ordered that Shaw resign and told President Riddle that as long as Blumberg (a tenured professor) remained on the faculty, no FBI agents would attend John Jay. Riddle defended Blumberg, citing academic freedom.[7] After Hoover's death in 1972, FBI agents began to enroll again at the college.[8] The FBI later paid former agent Shaw $13,000 in back pay.[6]

Open Admissions[edit]

CUNY's Open admissions Program came into effect in the fall of 1970. The program had been slated to begin in 1975, but was sparked into early enforcement after a group of students at City College demonstrated against the overwhelming whiteness of CUNY's student body, demanding greater access for black and Latino students. Adopting the Open Admissions policy meant that the University would now provide a place for any high school graduate who desired to attend.[9] Across CUNY, student enrollment ballooned. At John Jay, undergraduates numbered 2,600 in 1969; 4,400 in 1970; 6,700 in 1972; and 8,600 in 1973. The size of the faculty grew by over 200% between 1970–1972.[6] Moreover, the policy brought many more "civilian" (non-law enforcement) students to the College. The school's massive and sudden growth had a profound effect. More of the college's budget went toward remedial programs to help transition underprepared freshmen. In addition, the college broadened its curriculum, expanding into liberal arts. Majors including English, Math, American Studies, and Chemistry were introduced during this period in the early 1970s. The SEEK program developed during this time as well, supporting students from underprivileged backgrounds who showed academic promise.[6]

President Riddle resigned to become chancellor of the University of Illinois at Chicago.[10] From 1975–1977, Gerald W. Lynch served as acting president, and in 1977, he was sworn in as college president, a position he would hold until 2004.

As the school grew, its space constraints were felt, despite having acquired the Miles Shoe Building on West 59th Street (North Hall) in 1969. In 1973, John Jay rented the former 20th Century Fox building (South Hall) a few blocks from North Hall.

Saving in the college in 1976[edit]

In 1976, City University Board of Trustees threatened to shut down the college during a time of fiscal crisis for CUNY and New York City as a whole. Throughout the campaign to "save John Jay," the faculty and administration united to advocate the sentiment voiced by President Lynch in a memo: "John Jay can contribute to the city as a unique resource to help solve the problems of crime, public productivity, manpower needs, and budget management."[6] After weeks of turmoil, the college decided to trim its budget to remain independent rather than merge with Baruch College. On April 5, the Board of Higher Education voted to preserve John Jay. Though the budget cuts were still painful, the college community's efforts were successful.

The college grows[edit]

In 1980, at President Lynch's urging, the college established its first doctorate program, offering a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice on the heels of several Master's programs. In the next two decades of Lynch's presidency, enrollment and the faculty grew, the school's external activities expanded, and its curriculum continued to evolve. John Jay continued to pursue an approach to education more attuned to the liberal arts. The college supported more curricular cultural diversity, establishing an Ethnic Studies track and strengthening its Women's Studies program. Between 1985 and 1988, as faculty pursued more research opportunities, the amount of grant money given to John Jay faculty increased by over 500%.[6]

Again, the college felt the constraints of space, and in 1986 acquired Haaren Hall (formerly DeWitt Clinton High School) across the intersection from North Hall.[11] After renovation, Haaren Hall was opened to students in 1988. The new hall included a spacious two-level library, christened Lloyd Sealy Library in 1991 for Lloyd Sealy, a John Jay alumnus.

Another CUNY crisis in 1995[edit]

In 1995, CUNY suffered another fiscal crisis when Governor George Pataki announced a $162 million cut in state financing for the university.[12] The CUNY board of trustees declared a state of financial emergency. By June, in response to the threat of budget cuts, CUNY had adopted a stricter admissions policy for its senior colleges: students deemed unprepared for college would not be admitted, a departure from the 1970 Open Admissions program, in order to save money spent on remedial programs.[13] The proposed $162 million in cuts was reduced to $102 million, which CUNY absorbed by increasing tuition by $750 and offering a retirement incentive plan for faculty. (In May 1996, a State Supreme Court justice ruled that CUNY misused their emergency financial authority to lay off professors, close departments, and cut remedial aid.[14])

Adversity and growth[edit]

On September 11, 2001, John Jay lost over 60 alumni and students, many of them firefighters, in the World Trade Center attacks. The school resumed class on September 13, providing additional counseling for students, many of whom saw their studies and career aspirations in a new light.[15][16] In September 2011, John Jay dedicated a memorial to the fallen members of its community who died on 9/11. The memorial, a large steel fragment from the World Trade Center ruins, was officially unveiled in September 2013.[17][18]

In 1998, the New York State Legislature had approved a five-year capital budget of $352 million for the college to improve its facilities. The college continued to expand its campus as enrollment grew. The "New Building," a 13-story tower connected to Haaren Hall's west side, opened in 2011, dramatically increasing the college's square footage.

President Lynch retired in 2004, having headed the longest senior-level administration in City University of New York history.[19] He was succeeded by Jeremy Travis, who was previously a Senior Fellow at the Justice Policy Center and had directed the National Institute of Justice.

John Jay joined the Macaulay Honors College, an advising program for top students, in September 2012.[20] In December 2012, the college received its largest ever donation: $5 million from adjunct professor and alumnus Dr. Andrew Shiva.[21]

Academics[edit]

John Jay College of Criminal Justice is fully accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education. The school is primarily known for its criminal justice studies, forensic psychology, and forensic science programs, supported by a liberal arts curriculum. The student-faculty ratio is 18:1, and the average freshman retention rate is 75.5%.[22] The college offers a variety of in-person, online, and hybrid courses. There are a total of 865 faculty members employed by the school.[23]

Rankings[edit]

As of 2013, U.S. News and World Report ranked John Jay's Criminology graduate program #10 nationally and its Public Affairs graduate program #59 nationally (in the top 20%). U.S. News ranked John Jay College of Criminal Justice #38 in the top public schools of the regional north.[24]

The Conference on College Composition and Communication awarded a certificate of excellence to the John Jay College Writing Program in 2012–2013 for "imaginatively address[ing] the needs and opportunities of its students, instructors, institution, and locale" and offering "exemplary ongoing professional development" for faculty.[25]

Admissions[edit]

The college currently admits 47% of applicants to its undergraduate programs. Graduate admission is competitive, attracting law enforcement professionals worldwide.[26] The school's applicants tend to be in-state residents with 97% of students enrolled in classes at college being residents of New York State, with just 3% out-of-state.[27]

Honors programs[edit]

John Jay College is a member of the selective Macaulay Honors College program, which awards academically gifted students with a full four-year tuition scholarship, specialized academic advisers, and an Opportunities Fund of $7,500, to be used toward academically enriching experiences. Students accepted into the program are deemed University Scholars and collaborate with other honors students across CUNY campuses.[28]

Research[edit]

The college houses multiple research centers and institutes focused on crime and justice:

  • Academy of Critical Incident Analysis[29]
  • Center for Crime Prevention and Control[30]
  • Center for Cybercrime Studies[31]
  • Center for International Human Rights[32]
  • Center on Media, Crime and Justice[33]
  • Center on Race, Crime and Justice[34]
  • Center on Terrorism[35]
  • Christian Regenhard Center for Emergency Response Studies[36]
  • CUNY Dispute Resolution Consortium[37]
  • Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics[38]
  • Prisoner Reentry Institute[39]
  • Research & Evaluation Center[40]

Student life[edit]

Approximately 15,000 undergraduate students and 2,000 graduate students attend John Jay. The diverse student body is 40% Hispanic and 25% African-American, and includes 135 different nationalities. About half of John Jay students speak a language other than English at home.[41] The school is considered a "commuter college" as all students reside off-campus.

The student body is governed by the Student Council, a Judicial Board, a faculty advisor, and voluntary student organizations. There are 38 student organizations are active on campus, many of which are housed in "Club Row", a series of hallways where the student clubs are given space.[42] The Student Council disburses funds for organizations deemed "Essential Service," such as the Yearbook committee.[43]

Athletics[edit]

College teams participate as a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division III. The Bloodhounds are a member of the City University of New York Athletic Conference (CUNYAC). The following sports include:

  • Fall: men's soccer, women's volleyball, women's tennis, men's and women's cross country
  • Winter: men's and women's basketball, women's swimming, and rifle
  • Spring: baseball, softball, and men's tennis

Degrees offered[edit]

John Jay awards bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees, as well as certificates.

Majors
  • Computer Information Systems in Criminal Justice and Public Administration (BS)
  • Correctional Studies (BS)
  • Criminal Justice (BA) (Research and Policy Analysis)
  • Criminal Justice (BS) (Institutional Theory and Practice)
  • Criminal Justice Management (BS)
  • Criminology (BA)
  • Culture and Deviance Studies (BA)
  • Economics (BS)
  • English (BA)
  • Fire Science (BS)
  • Fire and Emergency Service (BA)
  • Forensic Psychology (BA)
  • Forensic Science (BS)—Toxicology, Molecular Biology, Criminalistics
  • Gender Studies (BA)
  • Global History (BA)
  • Humanities and Justice (BA)
  • International Criminal Justice (BA)
  • Law and Society (BA)
  • Legal Studies (BS)
  • Philosophy (BA)
  • Police Studies (BS)
  • Political Science (BA)
  • Public Administration (BA)
  • Security Management (BS)
Minors
  • Africana Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Art
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Corrections
  • Counseling
  • Criminology
  • Dispute Resolution
  • Economics
  • English
  • Film Studies
  • Fire Science
  • Gender Studies
  • Health and Physical Education
  • History
  • Human Rights
  • Human Services
  • Humanities and Justice
  • Journalism
  • Latin American and Latina/o Studies
  • Law
  • Mathematics
  • Music
  • Philosophy
  • Police Studies
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Security Management
  • Sociology
  • Spanish
  • Speech and Media/Theatre
  • Theatre Arts
  • Writing
Master's
  • M.A.: Criminal Justice
  • M.A.: Forensic Psychology
  • M.A.: Forensic Mental Health Counseling
  • M.A.: International Crime and Justice
  • M.A./J.D.: Forensic Psychology and Law, with New York Law School
  • M.S.: Forensic Science
  • M.S.: Digital Forensics and Cybersecurity
  • M.S.: Protection Management
  • M.P.A.: Public Administration in Policy and Administration
  • M.P.A.: Public Administration in Inspection and Oversight (also offered online)
Doctorates

(In conjunction with the CUNY Graduate Center)

  • Ph.D.: Criminal Justice
  • Ph.D.: Forensic Psychology
  • Ph.D.: Clinical Forensic Psychology
Certificates
  • Addiction Studies Certificate (undergraduate)
  • Advanced Certificate in Crime Prevention and Analysis
  • Advanced Certificate in Forensic Accounting
  • Advanced Certificate in Applied Digital Forensic Science Program
  • Advanced Certificate in Computer Science for Digital Forensics Program
  • Advanced Certificate Program in Terrorism Studies
  • Certificate in Transportation Management
  • Dispute Resolution Certificate (undergraduate)
  • Emergency Psychology Technician Certificate
  • Postgraduate Certificate in Forensic Psychology

Campus[edit]

The college consists of six buildings. It is located in northwest midtown Manhattan near Columbus Circle and Lincoln Center.

Haaren Hall
Haaren Hall.
North Hall

Haaren Hall, also known as the 'Tenth Avenue building or, simply, the T building, is the main campus building of John Jay. Located at 899 10th Avenue, it houses the majority of the administrative departments and classrooms. Originally designed by Charles B.J. Snyder to house De Witt Clinton High School, the building was erected in 1903.[44] In 1988, Haaren Hall was acquired by John Jay and now contains the Lloyd Sealy Library, the Gerald W. Lynch Theater, a gymnasium, and a swimming pool.

North Hall

North Hall, also known as the N building, is located at 445 West 59th Street, diagonally across the intersection from Haaren Hall. Prior to the acquisition in 1973, the building was a shoe factory.[45]

Westport Building

Westport Building, also referred as the W building, is a 24-story residential/commercial skyscraper located at 500 West 56th Street. Constructed in 2003 by The Related Companies, the first two floors of Westport Building are occupied by John Jay. It is also the location of the John Jay branch of Barnes & Noble College Booksellers.

BMW Building

The BMW Building is a commercial skyscraper on 555 West 57th Street, opened in 1992. Located adjacent to the New Building, the 6th floor of the BMW Building houses the Academic Centers and Training Rooms of John Jay.

54th Street Annex

The 54th Street Annex is a 10-story building, built in 1930 and located at 619 West 54th Street. It is the southernmost structure of the campus. It houses some of John Jay's administrative offices.

The "New" Building

(Also known as "The Tower" and denoted "NB".) The New Building is located at 11th Avenue between West 58th and 59th Streets. The modernistic 240 ft. tall, 13-story structure was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill,[46] and structurally engineered by Leslie E. Robertson Associates. The New Building was opened on November 2, 2011, at a cost of $600 million. The tower is directly connected to the western side of Haaren Hall and includes classrooms, conference rooms, a black box theater, a mock court, a 9/11 memorial, and an exterior roof quad called the "Jay Walk."

Notable people[edit]

Alumni[edit]

Faculty, past and present[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "CUNY--John Jay College of Criminal Justice profile". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Buck, Jerry (18 July 1967). "Liberal Arts College for Policemen in N.Y. May Be the Only One in World". The Daily Plainsman. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Bard, Bernard (May 1972). "Don't Call It "Pig U"". Change 4 (4): 19–22. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "History of John Jay College". John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Montgomery, Paul L. (10 May 1970). "John Jay College Gets Protests Too: Activity Unusual at School Attended by Policemen". New York Times. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Markowitz, Gerald (1990). Educating for Justice: A Brief History of John Jay College. New York: The John Jay Press. 
  7. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (19 November 1996). "A. S. Blumberg, 75, Professor Concerned With Equal Justice". New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Honan, William H. (16 October 1999). "Donald H. Riddle, 78; Led John Jay College". New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Suri, Duitch (2010). Open Admissions and Remediation: A Case Study of Policymaking by the City University of New York Board. New York: Ph.D. Dissertation, The City University of New York.
  10. ^ Breslin, Meg McSherry (14 October 1999). "[Obituary of] Donald Riddle, UIC Chancellor". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  11. ^ Nash, Eric P. (2001-12-16). "F.Y.I.". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-12-08. 
  12. ^ Honan, William (28 Feb 1995). "CUNY Professors, Fearing Worst, Rush Out Their Resumes: With a financial emergency declared, many on the CUNY faculties could go". New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Jones, Charisse (27 June 1995). "CUNY Adopts Stricter Policy On Admissions". New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  14. ^ Arenson, Karen W. (3 May 1996). "CUNY Misused Fiscal 'Emergency' To Cut Staff and Costs, Judge Rules". New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  15. ^ Arenson, Karen W. (19 Oct 2001). "Silent Echoes From Sept. 11; John Jay Has a Special Link With Many Who Died". New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  16. ^ "9/11 Memorial Sculpture". John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  17. ^ Dunlap, David W. "On Solemn Note, Curtain Rises on the New John Jay College". New York Times City Room Blog. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  18. ^ "Honoring John Jay’s Fallen Heroes". John Jay Sentinel. Sep 23, 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  19. ^ "York Hails New President; Farewell at John Jay". CUNY. July 2003. Retrieved 2011-12-08. 
  20. ^ "John Jay College joins the prestigious Macaulay Honors College". CUNY Newswire. 20 Sep 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  21. ^ "John Jay College Receives Largest Donation in College's History". CUNY Newswire. 19 Dec 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  22. ^ "CUNY--John Jay College of Criminal Justice: Academic Life". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "About Our Faculty". John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  24. ^ "CUNY--John Jay College of Criminal Justice rankings". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  25. ^ "CCCC Writing Program Certificate of Excellence". Conference on College Composition and Communication. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  26. ^ http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/cuny-john-jay-2693
  27. ^ "College Search - City University of New York: John Jay College of Criminal Justice - John Jay - At a Glance". Collegesearch.collegeboard.com. Retrieved 2011-12-08. 
  28. ^ "Macaulay Honors College at John Jay". John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  29. ^ Academy of Critical Incident Analysis
  30. ^ Center for Crime Prevention and Control
  31. ^ Center for Cybercrime Studies
  32. ^ Center for International Human Rights
  33. ^ Center on Media, Crime and Justice
  34. ^ Center on Race, Crime and Justice
  35. ^ Center on Terrorism
  36. ^ Christian Regenhard Center for Emergency Response Studies
  37. ^ CUNY Dispute Resolution Consortium
  38. ^ Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics
  39. ^ Prisoner Reentry Institute
  40. ^ Research & Evaluation Center
  41. ^ "John Jay Today". John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  42. ^ "John Jay College - The Office of Facilities Management & Planning (Special Projects)". Johnjay.jjay.cuny.edu. Retrieved 2011-12-08. 
  43. ^ "Student Council". John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  44. ^ Dwyer, Jim (18 Oct 2008). "A Builder of Dreams, in Brick and Mortar". New York Times. 
  45. ^ "Transforming a City Campus". Wall Street Journal. May 16, 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  46. ^ Travis, Jeremy. "New Building: Welcome". Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  47. ^ "New York State Assemblymember Marcos A. Crespo". New York State Assembly. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 40°46′13″N 73°59′18″W / 40.7703°N 73.9883°W / 40.7703; -73.9883