John Joseph Griffin
John Joseph Griffin (1802–9 June 1877) was an English chemist and publisher.
Griffin was born in 1802 in Shoreditch, London, the son of a bookseller and publisher. The family moved to Glasgow when he was young, and he studied at the Andersonian Institution. He also received training in chemistry at Paris and at Heidelberg.
In 1832 he married Mary Ann Holder, with whom he had twelve children, including William Griffin, FCS, and Charles Griffin, FSA. Griffin died at his residence, Park Road, Haverstock Hill, on 9 June 1877.
Griffin commenced business in Glasgow as a bookseller, publisher, and dealer in chemical apparatus, in partnership with his eldest brother. While still a young man he published a translation of Heinrich Rose's Handbuch der analytischen Chemie. Griffin also partly edited the Encyclopædia Metropolitana, of which his firm were the publishers.
In 1852 the partnership was dissolved, with the publishing branch being continued by his nephew (as Charles Griffin & Co.) and J. J. Griffin establishing a firm of chemical apparatus dealers (J. J. Griffin & Sons). By the 1860s this company had established a shop on Bunhill Row and later Long Acre in London, selling both self-made and imported equipment. Through a series of mergers the company was later to develop into the major apparatus supplier Griffin & George.
He was earnest in his attempts to popularise the study of chemistry, and in 1823 published his book Chemical Recreations: a popular manual of experimental chemistry, which was highly successful and went through several editions. Other books he authored include:
- Treatise on the Blow-pipe
- System of Crystallography (1841)
- The Radical Theory in Chemistry (1858)
- Centigrade Testing as applied to the Arts
- The Chemical Testing of Wines and Spirits (1866 and 1872)
- Chemical Handicraft (1866 and 1877)
Nine of Griffin's papers appeared in various scientific periodicals. Of these the first was On a New Method of Crystallographic Notation; Report British Association, 1840, p. 88; and the last A Description of a Patent Blast Gas Furnace, Chemical News, 1860, pp. 27, 40.
- "Griffin, John Joseph". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Sella, Andrea (August 2011). "Classic Kit: Griffin's beaker". Chemistry World 8 (8). Retrieved 2011-09-25.
- Gay, Hannah (2008-03-20). "Technical assistance in the world of London science, 1850–1900". Notes and Records of the Royal Society 62 (1): 51–75. doi:10.1098/rsnr.2007.0033. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
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- Brian Gee and William H. Brock, "The Case of John Joseph Griffin: from artisan-chemist and author-instructor to business-leader" Ambix 38 (1991)