John Josiah Guest
Born in Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil, Wales, as the son of Thomas Guest, a partner in the Dowlais Iron Company. Guest was educated at Bridgnorth Grammar School and Monmouth School before learning the trade of ironmaking in his father's foundry at the hands of works manager John Evans. He was renowned for his ability to roll a bar of steel or cut a tram of coal as well as any of his father's workmen.
On his father's death in 1807, John inherited his share of the company and developed the business, becoming sole owner of the works in 1815. In 1817 he married Maria Rankin but their marriage was short lived, Maria dying just nine months later. He subsequently married Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Bertie, daughter of Albemarle Bertie, 9th Earl of Lindsey. Guest was elected Member of Parliament for Honiton, Devon in 1825, holding the seat until defeated by Sir George Warrender in 1831.[dubious ] In 1832 he became the first MP for Merthyr Tydfil.
His public works included a school at Dowlais, designed by Sir Charles Barry. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers. He was the first chairman of the Taff Vale Railway, and was created a baronet, of Dowlais in the County of Glamorgan, in 1838.
His eldest son was Ivor Bertie Guest, 1st Baron Wimborne. His third son Montague Guest was a Liberal politician. His fifth son Arthur Guest was a Conservative politician. His third daughter, Mary Enid Evelyn Guest married Austen Henry Layard.
- Davies, P. M. (2007). "Sir Josiah John Guest, Bart., M.P. Provincial Grand Master of South Wales (1836-48)". Province of South Wales Eastern Division Feature. United Grand Lodge of Antient, Free and Accepted Masons of England. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-26.
- Evans, L. W. (1955–6). "Sir John and Lady Charlotte Guest's educational scheme at Dowlais in the mid-nineteenth century". National Library of Wales Journal 9: 265–86.
- Gillham, C. L. (1972) "The politics of Sir John Guest, 1825–1852", MA dissertation, University of Wales
- John, A. V. (2004) "Guest, Sir (Josiah) John, first baronet (1785–1852)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, accessed 25 August 2007 (subscription or UK public library membership required).
- Jones, E (1987). A History of GKN Volume 1: Innovation and Enterprise 1759-1918. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-34594-0.
- Owen, J. A. (1977). The History of the Dowlais Iron Works 1759-1970. Newport: Starling Press. ISBN 0-903-43427-X.
- Price, W. W. (2007). "Josiah John Guest". Welsh Biography Online. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 2007-08-26.
- Vaughan, C. Maxwell (1975). Pioneers of Welsh Steel: Dowlais to Llanwern. Newport: Starling Press. ISBN 0-903434-08-3.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Josiah Guest
- "History". This is GKN. GKN plc. Retrieved 2007-08-25.
- "Sir Josiah John Guest, 1st Bt". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2007-08-26.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Peregrine Francis Cust
|Member of Parliament for Honiton
With: Henry Baines Lott 1826–1830
Sir George Warrender, Bt 1830–1831
Henry Baines Lott
Sir George Warrender, Bt
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Merthyr Tydfil
Henry Austin Bruce
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
Ivor Bertie Guest